Bone trabecular edema
Bone marrow edema can appear due todisorders of blood circulation or infection in the body. Trabecular edema of the bone marrow is a pathological condition that occurs as a result of traumatic bone injury. The process of increasing the fluids that are in the bone tissue is not the cause of the problems. This specific condition arises as a manifestation of the underlying cause of pathology.
Trabecular edema of the bone marrowabout the possible presence of a vertebral fracture. It is possible that there is simply the presence of a vertebral contusion that provoked the appearance of edema, but to reliably make sure it is necessary to consult the doctor for the diagnosis.
With trabecular edema, there is an increasethe volume of fluid contained in the bone tissue of the body. In addition to injury, there is also an inflammatory process. As a symptom, such phenomena as a violation of blood circulation and respiration of the patient may occur. There is also a deterioration in the response of the pupils.
Symptoms also manifest themselves in the form of painfulsensations below the fault site. Although in other cases, loss of any sensitivity is possible. There may be limited movement, a feeling of numbness in the limbs and paralysis. The higher the location of spinal trauma, the more serious impairments are observed, the condition of a person is very difficult. Even more worsening of the human condition is the squeezing of the nerve trunks, which occurs with the development of swelling after trauma. Reflexes and any kind of sensitivity may disappear. Man is not able to control emptying, the functions of pelvic organs are seriously disturbed. In the future, a spasm of blood vessels and muscles can develop. Over time, the swelling of the spinal cord decreases, and the tissues become more pale.
The best way to diagnose with swellingbone marrow will become a computed tomography. You can also determine the problem and clarify the situation with the help of an X-ray study. As an additional method of examining the patient, magnetic resonance imaging, which is necessary for revealing the pathologies of soft tissue structures, can be used. Only after the diagnosis, the expert will tell you how to treat the trabecular edema of the bone marrow. Self-medication can be dangerous.
Treatment of trabecular edema is one of theparts of general therapy aimed at treating the underlying disease. The treatment is rather complicated. It should reduce possible complications of spine injury. Treatment can be medicated and surgical.
Drug therapy is complex, inits composition includes a large number of different preparations. Some of them are aimed at reducing the pain syndrome. Most often, narcotic analgesics are used, such as tramadol or ketans. They are quite effective. Other drugs are aimed at improving blood flow. It can be such drugs as trental or actovegin. Third drugs are needed to accelerate the metabolism in the nervous tissue. It can be vitamins of group B. For removal of an inflammation appoint reception of a potassium iodide which possesses anti-inflammatory action.
Surgical treatment is used in case oftraumatic process, in which there is a need to remove bone fragments. This helps reduce compression, resulting in a reduced degree of spinal cord edema. Unfortunately, not all spinal injuries can be cured. In those cases when the edema disappears completely (as a result of treatment or simply with time), it is already impossible to restore the broken structures of the brain. Effective treatment of paralysis of the limbs and violations of the pelvic organs has not yet been developed. A person is expected to have a disability.
If, as a result of the trauma, there is a protrusion of a small size, then in addition to medical treatment, physiotherapy, gloeflexotherapy and a complex of physiotherapy exercises are used.
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