Tincture of calendula with edema
Lat. - Calendula officinalis, ukr. - Nahidki lekarski. Eng. - Calendula
Calendula - annual herbaceous plantheight up to 50-60 cm family Compositae (Compositae). The birthplace of marigold is Central and Southern Europe, Central Asia. For therapeutic purposes, flower baskets of calendula are used.
In flower baskets of calendula officinaliscarotenoids, rubixanthin, lycopia, citroxanthine, violoxanthin, flavochrome, flavoxanthin, etc. Carotenoids are particularly rich in varnished varieties of marigolds. In addition, paraffin series hydrocarbons (gentrikontan and sitosterol), resins, triterpene glycosides, mucus and bitter substances, organic acids (malic, pentadecyl, salicylic), ascorbic acid have been found in calendula flowers.
Experimental studies have shown thatCalendula has a wide spectrum of pharmacological activity, which is caused by a rich content of plant biologically active compounds such as carotenoids, flavonoids, vitamins.
In the study of general action and acutetoxicity of galenical preparations of calendula has been found to be low toxicity and have a noticeable inhibitory effect on motor activity and reflex excitability of animals. This biological activity was also confirmed in experiments on the effect of calendula preparations on the hypnotic effects of drugs and in determining antagonism to the action of CNS stimulants. In the experiments, a noticeable sedative effect of the galenical forms of calendula was established, which was characterized by an elongation of the sleep period and was antagonistic to CNS stimulants.
The effect of calendula preparations on the activity of the cardiovascular system manifested a clear cardiotonic andantihypertensive effect. When calendula preparations were administered to animals in high doses, they had blood pressure lowered by 30-40% from the baseline level, heartbeats contracted, and the amplitude of cardiac contractions increased slightly, and breathing decreased and deepened.
The main properties of calendula preparations
However, the main properties of galenic forms and phytopreparations from calendula officinalis are anti-inflammatory, wound-healing, bactericidal, spasmolytic and cholagogue.
Anti-inflammatory properties of marigold manifest themselves in experimental models of inflammation, both septic and aseptic. In addition, the effects of calendula preparations improve the regeneration process. Although the bactericidal properties of marigold in relation to streptococci and staphylococciare generally negligible; on the whole, the inflammation processes complicated by the bacterial flora under the action of galenic forms of the plant proceed more favorably, apparently due to increased granulation growth, improved epithelialization, and enhanced local defense mechanisms.
In the form of tincture on 70% alcohol (1:10) Calendula is released by pharmacies. It is used for rinsing with inflammatory processes in the upper respiratory tract (1 teaspoon per 1 glass of warm water) and inside 10-20 drops 3 times daily before meals.
Infusion of calendula flowers cooked with tonsillitis, gastritis: 2 tablespoons flowers pour 1 cup boiling water in a thermos, insist 1 hour and drink 1-2 tablespoons. 3 times a day.
Calendula flowers have antispasmodic properties. Relaxing smooth muscle structures of such organs,as the stomach, intestines and liver, calendula at the same time excites cekretornuyu activity, which contributes to increased bile formation and bile secretion and increased secretory activity of the stomach.
The clinical use of calendula is mainly due to its antiseptic, anti-inflammatory and wound-healing effect both with external and internal application.
Calendula Treatment in Dentistry
As an external remedy, preparations of calendulaUsed in dental practice in diseases of the oral cavity (thrush in children, gingivitis, pyorrhea, inflammatory-dystrophic form of paradontosis). Clinical observations showed that abundant irrigation of the oral cavity with an aqueous solution of calendula tincture (l teaspoon per glass of water) before and after removing the calculus, pouring turundum, abundantly moistened with undiluted calendula tincture, in the pathological gingival pockets relieved the inflammation, reduced or stopped the discharge from gingival hemorrhages, promoted compaction of the gingival tissue, which is due to the presence of a large number of carotenoids in the flowers of calendula, flavonoids with a droplet llyaroukreplyayuschey activity. The most persistent therapeutic effect was observed with complex treatment (vitamin therapy, physiotherapy). Rinse with calendula tincture is used in the treatment of tonsillitis, and in combination with sulfanilamide preparations and antibiotics - for the treatment of angina.
Calendula Treatment in Gynecology
Tincture of calendula in the form of douching (1 tsp per glass of water) is also used in gynecological practice for the treatment of erosions of the cervix and trichomonatal colpitis.
There is also a positiveanti-inflammatory effect in the therapy of proctitis and paraproctitis. In this case, tincture of calendula (1 tsp per 0.25 cups water) is used as enemas. In the treatment of chronic fistulas, an infusion (1:10) of calendula in equal parts with a 3% solution of boric acid is introduced into the fistula duct.
In addition, tinctures, ointments, emulsions, fresh juiceplants are used externally for minor wounds, cuts, bruises, burns, furunculosis. There is information about the positive effect of the tincture of calendula and blepharitis.
Calendula is used inside with a number of diseases. Positive effect of calendula preparations in cardiovascular diseases accompanied by palpitation, dyspnea, edema was noted. Calendula, providing a sedative, mild hypotensive effect, promotes the normalization of cardiac activity and reduces swelling.
Calendula Treatment in Gastroenterology
In gastroenterological practice, calendulaare used as anti-inflammatory, wound-healing, antispasmodic and cholagogue. The beneficial effect of calendula (1 teaspoon per glass of water, 0.5-0.3 glasses per meal in between meals) was noted for gastritis, peptic ulcer of stomach and duodenum, colitis, enterocolitis. The best results are observed with combined application of calendula with chamomile and yarrow. The use of calendula preparations in diseases of the gastrointestinal tract is associated with their high therapeutic effectiveness in inflammatory-dystrophic processes of mucous membranes and parenchymal tissue of internal organs. In this regard, the use of calendula in diseases of the liver and biliary tract is justified.
High content in marigold flowerscarotenoids, flavonoids, ascorbic acid and organic acids causes an increase in the metabolic function of the liver and improves the composition of bile, reduces the concentration of bilirubin and cholesterol, increases secretory and excretory functions.
The therapeutic effect is most pronounced with the combined appointment of calendula with daisy, which provide additionalantispasmodic, antibacterial and anti-inflammatory action, contribute to the elimination of the infectious principle and the inflammatory process. As a result of the action of these plants, the excretory function improves; which helps to eliminate stagnation of bile in the gallbladder.
Tinctura calendula (Tinctura Calendulae). Alcohol (on 70 degree alcohol) tincture (1:10) flowers and flower baskets. Transparent liquid of yellow color. For consumption, dilute 1 teaspoon in a glass of water. As cholagogue means take 10-20 drops per reception.
Infusion of calendula flowers (Infusum Calendulae). 2 tablespoons of calendula flowers are placed in aenameled dishes, pour 200 ml (1 glass) of hot boiled water, cover with a lid and heat in boiling water (on a water bath) with frequent stirring for 15 minutes, cool for 45 minutes at room temperature, filter, the remaining raw material is squeezed. The volume of the infusion obtained is adjusted to 200 ml with boiled water. Cooked infusion stored in a cool place for no more than 2 days. Take infusion of calendula should be in a warm form 1-2 tablespoons 3-4 times a day.
Orange calendula petals have a disinfectant property, so the treatment of ulcers, wounds, especially purulent, long not healing, is known for a long time.
Kneipp recommended for the treatment of eczema, wounds caused by burns, bedsores, varicose veins ointment of fresh flowers and leaves of marigold:
50 g fresh marigold flowers, 150 g freshleaves, 150 ml of alcohol. Flowers and leaves finely chop, pour alcohol, close tightly. After 12 hours mix with 1 kg of heated wax and put for 5-6 hours in a dark place.
In traditional healers calendula are considered"A means of extraordinary strength", as it is able to bind toxic compounds that are formed in the human body in the process of vital activity of organs and systems; Calendula increases the protective functions of the body, restores and strengthens the immune system.
1 tablespoon (flowers, leaves) pour a glass of boiling water. Insist before cooling, drain. During the day, drink 2-3 glasses. Drink 0.5 cup 4-6 times in between meals.
Calendula is one of the best phytotherapeutic agents for the treatment of erosion of the cervix. It is necessary to take one tablespoon of flowers for a glass of boiling water for syringing. Alternatively, for the same purpose pour into a beaker of boiling water or tea dessertspoonful 10% alcohol tincture of calendula.
Such douching saves erosion andTrichomonas colpita for the same role of the marigold can be used in combination with chamomile and yarrow in equal proportions (2 tablespoons vegetable mixture and a half cup of water).
With early toxicosis of pregnancy it is recommended infusion. Make a mixture of 2 parts of calendula flowers and 1 piece of lemon balm. 1 tbsp. mixture pour 0.5 liters of boiling water. Infuse for 30 minutes, drain. Drink 0.3 cups 4-5 times a day in between meals for 7-9 weeks.
In folk medicine, calendula is used as aexternally (juice of grass, ointment on oil, decoctions), and internally (infusions, decoctions) with many diseases: malignant tumors, ulcers, as a diuretic and diaphoretic, exciting, anticonvulsant, stimulating regul, wound-healing. Inflorescences are used as a natural food coloring for butter and cheese. >>
The juice from the flowers of calendula reduces intoxication,the phenomena of dyspepsia (belching, nausea, vomiting, a feeling of pressure in the epigastric region), improves sleep, appetite. Calendula juice is effective for gastritis, colitis, enterocolitis, inflammation of the biliary tract, inflammatory diseases of the mouth and throat, pyorrhea and thrush in children. It is also used in breast, skin, goiter, nervous disorders, as a diuretic. >>