Diacarbum in edema
Diakarb is a diureticdrug-inhibitor of carbonic anhydrase. These tablets have anti-edema and diuretic effects. Oppression of the carbonic anhydrase occurs in the kidneys. In this case, the repeated absorption of the drug from the urine of bicarbonate and sodium ions is significantly reduced.
Diacarb - instructions for use in various dosage forms
The drug is unchangedis excreted by the kidneys during the day. The active substance of the drug Acetazolamide increases the release of hydrocarbonates, which can lead to the development of metabolic acidosis. Also, other problems in metabolic processes may arise, for example, the loss of a significant amount of phosphates, magnesium and calcium in significant amounts.
On the third day of application, the drug loses itstherapeutic action, so you need to take a break in treatment. Absorption Diakarba occurs through the walls of the gastrointestinal tract. The maximum content of the drug is reached in 1-3 hours after its administration. The minimum content of the drug in the body is detected after a day. Diakarb has the property to penetrate the placental barrier and stand out with milk in a small amount. It is not deposited in the tissues of the body and does not accumulate.
Instructions for use Diacarb in the form of tablets
1 tablet Diacarb contains the main active ingredient acetazolamide in an amount of 250 mg and auxiliary substances, among which potato starch, talc, sodium starch glycolate.
Scheme of application and dosage in treatmentDiacarb can be established only by the attending physician depending on the symptoms and manifestations of the disease, as well as the individual characteristics, age and tolerability of the drug by the patient.
Diaparas for Epilepsy
The drug Diakarb is intended foringestion. In epilepsy, adults are assigned 250-500 mg in one dose for three days. Children under the age of 50 mg per day, divided into two doses, from 2 to 3 years - 50-125 mg per knock, divided into 2 receptions, from 4 to 18 years - 125-250 mg once in the morning. If treatment is prescribed for a child as part of complex therapy with anticonvulsant drugs, the initial dose of admission is 250 mg per day, but if necessary, it can be increased to no more than 750 mg per day.
With puffiness syndrome at the beginning of application250-375 mg per day in the morning, and then treatment continues day after day or 2 days after one day of admission. With open-angle glaucoma, the drug is administered at a dosage of 250 mg 1-4 times per day. And with secondary glaucoma, 250 mg every 4 hours, but no more than 4 times a day. In case of short-term therapy, a dose of 1 tablet is administered twice a day. In childhood, 10-15 mg per kg of child weight per day is sufficient. In this case, the drug should be divided into 3-4 receptions.
With mountain sickness for prevention is appointedthe intake of 500-1000 mg of the drug per day, and in the case of rapid ascent - 1000 mg per day in several doses in equal portions. And take the drug is recommended in advance for 1-2 days before climbing.
Form of release and storage conditions Diakarba
Tablets, packed in a contour meshPacking, which is packed in a cardboard box. The tablets themselves are white, round flat. Weight of the tablet is 250 mg. The main active ingredient is acetazolamide. In a cardboard bundle there are 2 cell packs, each with 12 tablets.
List B. This drug should be stored out of reach of children at a maximum temperature of 25 0 C and normal humidity. Shelf life - 60 months.
Indications, contraindications, side effects Diakarba
Indications for use of Diacarbo
The main indications for the appointment of Diacarb are:
- edematous syndrome of varying severity (any, except strong),
- glaucoma of primary and secondary origin, as well as in acute her attacks,
- epilepsy and epileptic seizures (in this case combined treatment is used),
- mountain sickness.
What helps Diakarb, from what diseases:
- localized ideopathic epilepsy,
- epileptic syndrome with seizures and focal start,
- edema of unspecified nature and origin,
- influence of high altitude, unspecified nature.
Side effects of Diacarb
With long-term use of Diacarb, such signs and conditions can develop as:
- disorientation in space,
- vomiting and nausea,
- allergic reactions to the active and auxiliary components of the drug,
- violation of tactile function,
- hemolytic anemia,
Also, even with short-term treatment with Diacarbum, there may be:
- skin itching and rashes,
- weakness in the whole body and in the muscles,
- hyperemia of the skin,
- noise in ears,
- metabolic ace- dosis,
If at least one of the above appearslisted signs after taking the drug is recommended to suspend treatment for them and immediately seek help from a doctor. A specialist will either pick up a more suitable analogue for you, or change the treatment plan or dosage.
Contraindications to the use of Diacarbo
Experts recommend caution to appointthe use of Diacarb in the case of a patient taking large doses of acetylsalicylic acid or suffering from edema of hepatic or renal origin.
It is not recommended to use Diakarb in those who have:
- hypersensitivity or allergy to the components of the drug,
- problems in the work of the kidneys and liver,
- Addison's disease,
Also, this drug is prohibited during childbearing and breastfeeding.
Overdose with Diacarb
When an overdose of Diacarbum is observed,intensity and increased risk of side effects. In this case, it is required to stop the drug immediately, and then proceed to symptomatic treatment.
How long to use Diacarb
Diacarb is a drug that, when prescribed forthe term of more than 5 days can promote the emergence and development of metabolic acidosis. In addition, there is a risk of increasing the side effects described in this manual. Also, for a long duration of drug use, it is recommended to keep under control the indicators of the water-electric balance of the body, as well as CBS and the picture of peripheral blood.
Application of Diacarbum in Pregnancy
During pregnancy and lactation, to take the drug Diacarb is contraindicated. This is due to the possibility of harm to the health of the child in both cases.
Instructions for use Diacarba for children
Diakarb can be used in childrenunder 12 years of age. Appointment of its reception can only the doctor for some indications. usually this is increased intracranial pressure, an increase in the amount of cerebrospinal fluid in the brain cavities, headaches, excessive head size, divergence of the cranial sutures. In this case, the dosage of the drug is calculated individually in each case, and the patient is under the care of the medical staff during the treatment period.
Medicinal effect of the preparation Diacarb
This drug has a wide range of effects. So it well complements complex therapy for some lung diseases, for example, emphysema, positively affects the fight against glaucoma of various kinds, epileptic seizures and in complex therapy with anticonvulsants in epilepsy, as well as with increased intracranial and intraocular pressure.
In addition, the use of Diakarb tabletsIt is justified for swelling of different localization and origin. They help to normalize the water-salt balance of the human body, do not violate the acid-base balance. The duration of the drug does not exceed 12 hours.
Compatibility of Diacarb with other drugs
The drug Diakarb significantlyenhances the effect of drugs used in the treatment of epilepsy. Diakarba's interaction with other diuretics and theophylline has also been proven, as their diuretic effect increases. Because of the risk of side effects and harm to the health of the patient, Diacarb is not recommended together with unpolarizing muscle relaxants, salicylates, preparations with digitalis, carbamazepine and ephedrine.
Analogues of Diakarb domestic and foreign
There are no exact analogs of Diakarb. But there are drugs that have about the same effect on the human body. Among them, the most frequently appointed are:
Dorzopt is an analog of Diakarba
This drug is available in the form of eye drops. The sphere of its application is treatment of different forms of glaucoma and increased intracranial pressure. This drug has contraindications and side effects, so it can be used very carefully and only according to the doctor's prescription.
The effect of this drugis aimed at reducing intraocular pressure and the treatment of glaucoma. It is available in the form of eye drops and also has contraindications and side effects. Therefore, its use requires caution and clear compliance with the doctor's recommendations.
This drug also hasantiglaucoma action. It is used in medicine quite often, but it has a number of contraindications and side effects, and therefore is appointed with caution only after a proper examination. Remember that the appointment of a drug in order to avoid the threat of harm to your body and the appearance of undesirable consequences should be handled only by a qualified specialist.
On the third day after birth, my baby wasa disappointing diagnosis is posed - neurological problems due to the cyst of the left cerebral plexus of the brain. The main drug, which we used on the advice of a doctor, was Diakarb. He helped get rid of the problem. Although he is not allowed in childhood, in our case it was impossible to do without Diakarb. Of the side effects can note only hyperactivity.
I gave my daughter on the recommendation of a specialistpreparation Diakarb. We did not achieve the desired results. And there are a lot of side effects. I had to change to a drug close to the action. To treatment Diakarb we shall not return more.
The drug Diakarb was assigned to me because ofdetection of glaucoma. Its effect has brought the desired effect. After reading the instructions to the drug was afraid to take it, but, as it turned out, in vain. Of all the listed in it, I only touched the diuretic property of the drug.