Complications after swelling of the quinta
Such a disease as hives can occurat any age, regardless of the sex and age of the person, and proceed with complications or without them. Manifestations of urticaria completely depend on the amount of allergen that has got into the body. In young children, this disease occurs twice as often as in adults.
Hives are the body's reaction toan allergic substance, which is accompanied by the appearance of skin rashes and skin itching. Rashes at hives can occur on any part of the body: the trunk, face, upper and lower extremities. Blisters with hives occur in different sizes and sometimes can merge into one large spot. The skin becomes slightly swollen with a pale pink tinge.
The rash lasts several hours or several days, depending on the severity of the disease.
1) allergy to animal hair;
2) reaction to insect bites;
3) allergy to pollen of plants;
4) allergy to certain foods;
5) reaction to the introduction of drugs.
The more irritant material got into the body, the stronger the clinical picture will appear. As a complication of hives, the patient may develop Quincke's edema or anaphylactic shock.
Quincke's edema is an acute reaction of the body,which is dangerous for human life. Quincke's edema is accompanied by fluid retention in the subcutaneous tissue, in the mucous membranes, and much less often in the meninges, in the joints and in the internal organs.
Basically, this state develops aftera severe allergic reaction: an insect bite, the administration of a medicine or the taking of prohibited products (nuts, honey, eggs, chocolate). At the same time, a hypersensitive reaction of the organism appears and an intensive development of histamine takes place. As a consequence, there is a thickening of the blood and swelling of the tissues.
Also, the cause of the formation of edema Quincke may be some pathological conditions:
- diseases of internal organs;
- diseases of the endocrine system;
- helminthic invasions;
- viral infections;
Quincke's edema can be of different types:
With non-allergic form, the patient is observedchange of skin (puffiness) and damage to the mucous membranes of the intestine, respiratory tract. A provoking factor may be trauma, a heat or chemical factor, emotional stress. The allergic form occurs after interaction with the allergen and is accompanied by swelling of tissues or organs.
With swelling of the larynx and trachea, choking may occur and, if not timely provided, the disease can result in a fatal outcome. There may be vomiting, diarrhea and severe pain in the abdomen.
Treatment of angioedema and urticaria
First of all, if a patient is suspected of swelling Quinke, the patient should be immediately hospitalized in a hospital for first aid.
Adrenaline is injected subcutaneously, antihistamine therapy is administered, and glucocorticoids are administered. To remove allergen from the body as soon as possible, diuretics are prescribed.
In addition, detoxificationtherapy, for elimination of toxins. It is recommended vitamin therapy and compliance with a special hypoallergenic diet. Excludes any contact with the allergic substance.