Description of the quincky edema
The disease known to us as Quincke's edema isis nothing but an acute allergic reaction of the organism to external stimuli. The disease manifests itself as extensive and, most importantly, sudden swelling of the skin, muscles, subcutaneous tissue and fascia. Especially dangerous is that Quincke's edema, the symptoms of which appear at any age, often leads to life-threatening conditions and in the absence of emergency care a person can die.
A few words about what constitutesallergic reactions. As a rule, they are understood as any processes that are the body's response to the introduction of something alien, for example, plant pollen, poison, bug-injected insects, or individual foods. All allergic reactions are divided into delayed and immediate. Edema Quincke, the treatment of which must be carried out without delay, refers to the second type, that is, it is the most dangerous. When the irritant hits, the patient's body begins to produce a huge amount of histamine. It, in turn, causes the strongest edema of tissues and numerous irregularities in the work of the basic systems.
Quincke's edema is the cause of the disease
Allergens cause swelling of the tissues, increasedvascular permeability and intensive release of mediators (histamine, cytokines, prostaglandins and some others). Food, dust, pollen, medicines, cold or bright sunlight can act as an allergen. Precisely because of the variety of provoking factors, Quincke's edema in children and adults presents a huge danger to life, because no one can predict what his body will react to next time.
Quincke's Edema - symptoms of the disease
Initially, swelling of the tissues is observed inarea of the lips, eyelids, cheeks, mucous membrane of the mouth and scrotum, that is, in areas with loose subcutaneous tissue. The edema itself is dense and not pressurized when pressed, which is associated with a high protein content in the filling liquid. In most cases, education takes place 2-3 days after the appearance. Exceptions are cases when swelling of tissues leads to disturbances in the work of internal organs. For example, Quincke's disease, which appeared in the larynx region (accounting for more than 30% of registered cases of defeat), is accompanied by a barking cough, hoarseness, shortness of breath, and discoloration of the skin. If the time does not provide help with Quinck's swelling, the patient may die from suffocation.
Edema Quincke - treatment of the disease
Because the body's allergic reactionis extremely intense and unpredictable, it is of great importance how quickly the patient is assisted. Wait for the arrival of the "ambulance" often does not have time, so you need to know clearly, it should be done before the arrival of specialists. First-aid first aid for swelling of Quincke includes the following activities:
- eliminate the harmful effect of the allergen;
- soothe the patient, relieve the emotional tension, provide psychological relief, as this will effectively deal with a sudden attack;
- Ensure the influx of fresh air, remove from the person a belt and a tie, unbutton the clothes at the gate, if it is too tightly attached to the throat;
- To relieve the symptoms, apply a cold compress to the swollen area;
- dip into the nose drops to narrow the vessels, for example, naphthyzine.
About further doctors should take care of. When diagnosed with Quincke's edema, the treatment is based on the intake of antihistamines (diphenhydramine or suprastin). If the swelling spreads through the body too quickly and there are obvious difficulties with breathing, the patient is given glucocorticoid steroids. After normalization, the condition of a person is hospitalized in the clinic. As a rule, Quincke's edema in children and adults is treated in specialized ENT departments. In the presence of an edema in the larynx, the patient is transferred to the intensive care unit or resuscitation.
Edema Quincke, whose causes are extremelydiverse, treated with a strict hypoallergenic diet. From the standard diet are excluded: eggs, wheat, milk, nuts, fish, chocolate, citrus and tomatoes.
Find out when exactly the disease will cause itsthe next blow is not possible. The only method of prevention is to avoid allergens, from which a person has already suffered in the past. If you are worried about your health, then do not be lazy to make a solid information card, which indicates: the patient's name, the phone of the doctor in charge, the most likely allergens and other important information. Such a card will help the team of doctors to provide the most effective help with Quincke's edema, if trouble catches you unawares.