Symptoms of mucous edema
The mucous membrane of the upper respiratory tract is a protective barrier for humans, which prevents the ingress of infection into the body, its edema suggests a serious health hazard.
The mucosa itself consists of ciliary cells. Their structure facilitates the slow movement of particles of dust, viruses and bacteria entering the body to the nasopharynx and stomach. Here they are destroyed.
When the influence of negative factors is violatedmotor function of cells, and harmful substances penetrate into the mucosa of the upper respiratory tract. The mucous nasal reflexively swells due to the increased vascular permeability, and the blood flows to the affected area. There is an inflammatory process, as a result of which excess lymph and blood is formed.
Swelling of the nasal mucosa
Symptoms of edema can be divided into two groups:
- shortness of nasal breathing;
- loss of smell;
- serous, purulent discharge;
- loss of voice
Swelling in the baby is a serious danger, since his body is not yet adapted to breathing through the mouth. This creates problems during feeding, and there is a threat of stopping breathing.
Causes of edema of the nasal mucosa
Edema can occur for a number of reasons. One of the most common is hypothermia, especially the head and legs. As a result, the protective cilia cease to move and lose their functions.
In people prone to allergic reactionscertain substances the body perceives as an alien body. Under the influence of the allergen, the vessels in the nose expand, the permeability increases, and the secret begins to develop actively. It causes congestion and swelling.
The cause may be harmful effects of chemicals, for example, aerosols, poisons, dust.
Mechanical damage to the nose also leads to edema.
A curved septum, adenoids, or any formations can disrupt the nasal breathing and create foci of inflammation.
The cause of allergic edema isexposure to allergens. They can be food, medicinal. There is a diffuse or extensive development of mucosal disorders. In most cases, it suffers from the nasopharynx.
If there was a contact with an allergen, then a personbegins to sneeze, there are discharge from the nose. and it swells quickly. Sometimes the pershit in the throat due to the flow of mucus on the back wall. A dry cough begins, and the voice becomes hoarse. Symptoms can be accompanied by headache, epistaxis and pain in the sinuses. Because of stagnation of venous blood, dark circles appear under the eyes. A characteristic gesture is rubbing the tip of the nose with the palm of the bottom up.
When symptoms appear, the first thing to do is to wash the nasal sinuses with warm water or a decoction of chamomile, and take an antihistamine. Edema will begin to subside after a few hours.
Chronic edema of the nasal mucosa
A person with chronic edema of the nasal mucosa is constantly experiencing discomfort. This condition can lead to disruption of the body from oxygen deficiency to headaches and sinusitis.
Symptom is the lack of oxygen in the nosebreathing and its lack in a state of rest. The person has to breathe through the mouth, and this brings inconvenience, especially during sleep. One nostril can pass more air than the other. The reasons for this state can be:
- displacement or curvature of the nasal septum;
- cerebral hernia
At the very beginning of the postoperative periodthe circulation of blood and physiological fluids in the sinuses of the nose is still difficult. Mucous is in a state of swelling, breathing has not stabilized. In the process of healing, the wounds are covered with a crust that secrete blood, and connective tissue is formed at the site of the incisions. Correct and thorough hygiene of the nose is necessary throughout the rehabilitation period. During the first five days, it is washed with an antiseptic solution. From the fourth day, remove dried crusts and blood clots. Assign the use of corticosteroid ointments for the death of tissues and crusts. The nasal cavity should be constantly moistened to facilitate cleaning and healing. Bury funds that will increase the secretion of cells and normalize their functioning.
Swelling of the nasal mucosa
The most common cause of edema is viralinfection on the background of hypothermia of the body. When starting treatment, it is first of all necessary to restore nasal breathing. For this, vasoconstrictive drops are used. After it is necessary to treat the mucous disinfectant solution to prevent further penetration of the virus into the body. Use to treat antiviral drugs. Need bed rest for several days. If there are other symptoms of complication, the doctor prescribes antibiotics. This decision is made depending on the age of the patient and the level of resistance of the body.
Options for the treatment of nasal edema in the clinic
With incorrect and prolonged treatment of edemathe nasal mucosa with time, the reserve forces of the body are depleted. Mucous spreads, and if at this stage do not go to the doctor, then the formation of polyps.
Polyps can be treated in a hospital with therapeuticand surgically. Practice shows that their removal and subsequent conservative treatment is most effective. In surgery, I use a laser for this, which ensures minimal soreness, rapid operation and no bleeding.
The most gentle method is endoscopicsurgery of the nasal cavity and sinuses. It allows you to operate even in the most inaccessible areas. The operation is performed without incisions endonasally and under local anesthesia. The stay in the hospital is not more than seven days.
In specialized clinics they carry out diagnostics with individual selection of medicinal preparations. You can make a plastic correction - septoplasty in case of curvature of the nasal septum.
Doctors identified two types of nasal aerodynamics -southern and northern. The northern type is well adapted to the cold season. People with a southern type from the very beginning are susceptible to colds, and they need additional protection. With minor violations of drugs and individual selection of drops will cure a cold for one or two days. If the violations are pronounced, then a plastic correction is necessary. Such an operation can be done at the clinic in one day.
Drops removing the swelling of the nasal mucosa
We remember about vasoconstrictive drops, likejust feel the symptoms of the common cold. From a large selection of drugs you need to choose the right ones that are right for you. But it is important to understand that drops do not cure a cold, but only relieve symptoms for a while. It is necessary to strictly comply with the dosage and do not use them for more than ten days, as this is addictive.
Almost all vasoconstrictive drugs act onreceptors of the nasal mucosa. They reduce swelling and facilitate breathing. Depending on the specific drug, its effect can be from thirty minutes to twelve hours. Here are the main groups of medicines:
How to remove the swelling of the nasal mucosa by folk remedies
For the treatment of swelling of the nasal mucosa, traditional medicine recipes help effectively.
One drop of iodine is dissolved in a tablespoon of water and bury three times a day. If you start using this recipe at the first signs of swelling, it will be after three days.
Prepare a decoction. Take a teaspoon of oak bark and a glass of water. Warm up in a water bath for fifteen minutes. Then insist, covering the towel, two hours. Bury in the nose warmly several times during the day. Recovering will come quickly.
Prepare the infusion from the roots of licorice, elecampane andalthea. Mix in equal amounts and pour half a liter of cold water. Insist eight hours and take half a cup three times a day. Infusion will relieve the cold and swelling and strengthen the immune system.
Rinse your nose with a solution of coarse salt. Half a teaspoon of salt in a glass of water. Pour for convenience into a saucer and inhale deeply one by one, clamping one nostril. Between the breaths, you do not need to blow your nose. Do the procedure three to four times a day.
Rub the carrots and squeeze out the juice. Add a few drops of garlic juice and olive oil. Bury two drops three times a day.
Four teaspoons of onion juice pour half a glass of warm water, add a teaspoon of honey and leave for thirty minutes. Bury three times a day for two drops.
How to remove the swelling of the nasal mucosa during pregnancy
During pregnancy, swelling of the nasal mucosa can not be treated in the usual way. Vasoconstrictors are not only ineffective, but they can narrow the vessels in the umbilical cord and placenta, which will lead to hypoxia.
To restore breathing, the safestThe method is cleaning and washing with physiological or saline solution. The cause of edema may be not only a viral infection or allergy, but also the level of progesterone.
Do acupressure on the bridge of the nose and on the wings of the nose. Then, press on the cavity between the nose and the lip, then on the chin.
Perform respiratory gymnastics, clamping the nostrils alternately, breathing deeply and exhaling. Then the same actions, but breathing through the mouth.
Warm your feet in toes with mustard powder.
Grated horseradish mix equally with apple and sugar. Such a healing elixir will strengthen immunity and relieve congestion.
If the swelling does not go away within a few days, then consult a doctor. You may be prescribed cold ultrasound inhalation with medicinal decoctions.
How to remove the swelling of the nasal mucosa in a child
Each of their parents encountered stagnationnose in the child. Sometimes it can pass in a short time, but sometimes requires serious treatment. Many mistakenly believe that the labored breathing of the baby is associated with a lot of mucus. But the cause is swelling due to inflammation of the blood vessels.
Breasts should breathe only through the nose. Its obstruction causes great problems and can affect the development of speech and hearing. There is a chance of stopping breathing.
Vasoconstrictors have contraindications for young children, so use folk recipes to remove the swelling of the nasal mucosa.
In a hundred grams of water, dilute half a teaspoon of salt. Moisten a cotton swab in the solution and insert one by one into each nostril. Distract the baby so that he can pull out the swab for a few minutes.
Do inhalation with fir or eucalyptus oil. It has antibacterial properties. Add a few drops to the basin with hot water, and let the baby breathe, covering himself with a towel.
Prepare medical treatment from equal partsplantain, mother-and-stepmother and marigold. Pour a tablespoon of the mixture with a glass of boiling water and boil for five minutes. Let it brew for an hour and dig in three drops three times a day.