Desna swells and hurts
What to do if the gum is swollen and sore
Puffiness of the gums, their soreness is a phenomenonvery common. Sometimes such a malaise does not threaten anything serious and goes away on its own in a few days, but in other cases it leads to serious health problems. Why do swollen gums? How to treat them?
The gums are swollen and sore: the causes
There are many factors that provoke the inflammatory process in the gums. Among the main reasons are:
- Improper dental care. Too much does not mean good. Too stiff brush, frequent use of whitening pastes, excessive pressure on the gums during cleaning - as a result, the mucosa is damaged and swollen.
- Lack of vitamin C. There are citrus fruits not only delicious, but also useful. The exclusion from the menu of products containing vitamin C, is fraught with the appearance of a disease, "popular" in the sailors of past centuries - scurvy. Among the symptoms of this ailment: pallor and further blueing of the gums, swelling of the interdental papillae, bleeding. Very soon, a secondary infection is attached to the disease, because of which ulcers form on the gums, and the teeth begin to fall out.
- Teething. Edema and soreness of gums - normal reactionon the growing teeth. Similar symptoms can be observed not only in one-year-old babies, but also in adults, who began to erupt third molars. Wisdom teeth usually appear after 25 years.
- Non-compliance with sterility standards. If, after tooth extraction, the doctor has not treated the wound, there is a high risk that an infection will get there. Inflammation of the gums in this case is quite expected.
- Gingivitis. In general, the disease arises from the presence ofteeth of deposits: plaque and stone. With a catarrhal form, the mucous membrane of the gums turns red, swells, itches and bleeds. If we are talking about hypertrophied gingivitis, there is an increase in the gingival papillae, which partially overlap the tooth surface and eventually begin to ache and bleed.
- Chronic periodontitis. Exacerbation of periodontitis can causeswollen gums, but only if the depth of the periodontal pockets is not less than 4 mm. In such a situation, the outflow of pus is disturbed, and an abscess is formed in the gum.
- Running caries or pulpitis. Untreated illness continues to worsen. Cariesogenic microorganisms gradually move deep into the dental cavity, affect the pulp and penetrate the apex of the tooth root. There arises a focus of purulent inflammation, which manifests itself through soreness and swelling of the gums in the projection of the problem tooth.
- Periodontitis. Even after treating the pulpitis and sealing the rootchannels, the patient can not be sure that the tooth problems are left behind. In most cases, dentists make mistakes when filling: the canal does not completely pass, it leaves tiny fragments of tools in it, causing damage. Because of this, periodontitis develops, accompanied by the formation of a granuloma at the tip of the tooth root, which then grows into a cyst.
As practice shows, mainly sorenessand swelling of the gums - is the result of either improper treatment of pulpitis, or complete ignoring of the patient's symptoms of dental diseases. But to establish the exact cause can only the doctor after examining the oral cavity.
Gum was swollen: what to do
In most cases, swelling of the gums requires consultation with the dentist. Further actions of the doctor may be as follows:
the presence of pus in the periodontal pockets
- dissection of abscess
- washing the periodontal pocket with an antiseptic
- administration of antibiotics
- a few days later - ultrasonic cleaning to remove sub- and subgingival dental deposits
started caries or pulpitis
- removal of carious tissue
- if necessary - removal of pulp and sealing of root canals
- tooth filling with a filling
poor-quality root canal filling
- removal of a seal or crown
- canal disintegration, treatment with antiseptic
- canal filling with therapeutic material
- temporary sealing
- in 3 months. - tooth closure with a permanent filling
Resection of the apex of the tooth root:
- incision on the gum
- sawing a hole in bone tissue
- Cutting with the help of a drill of the apex of the tooth root together with a cyst
- laying in the resulting cavity of the drug, stimulating regeneration of tissues
- suturing of a wound
In any case, regardless of the cause of problems with the gums, the dentist must remove the plaque and tartar. In addition, such drugs can be prescribed:
- Chlorhexidine 0,05% - 20 rubles. for 100 ml. It acts as a local antiseptic and is highly active against microbes. Effective with gingivitis, inflammation after tooth extraction, periodontitis. The taste is bitter. The solution should rinse the mouth, holding the fluid near the problem area. It should be noted that with prolonged use of Chlorhexidine, a temporary darkening of the surface of the tongue and teeth is possible;
- Metrogil denta - 200 rubles. for 10 years. Gel for gums, containing chlorhexidine in the composition. It is recommended for any forms of gingivitis, periodontitis, inflammation after tooth extraction. It is necessary to lubricate the gums with gels several times a day. Metrogyl denta is not recommended for long-term use, as it can provoke a dysbacteriosis of the oral cavity;
- Holyisal - 300 rubles. for 10 years. The gel has a pleasant anise taste and smell. Used to treat gingivitis and periodontitis. Has a pronounced antimicrobial and anti-inflammatory activity. Usually, the gel is used after meals and before bedtime until the symptoms disappear completely.
There are so many varieties of similarsolutions and dental gels, but their full effectiveness can only be manifested with an integrated approach to treatment. If you do not carry out a professional tooth cleaning, do not treat tooth decay and pulpitis, do not remove the cyst, then using such a tool will give only a short-term result. Moreover, the disease can go into a chronic form.
Sometimes the dentist also recommends taking anti-inflammatory and immunostimulating drugs, but you can not assign them to yourself in any case.
To relieve soreness in the intervals between visits to the doctor, it is allowed to take painkillers - Ketanov, Ketolong, Ketorol, etc.
How to remove a tumor from the gum folk remedies
At home, for the removal of inflammation usually used decoctions based on plants such as:
The optimal proportion is 1 tbsp. l. to a glass of water. Herbs can be used either individually or in combination with each other. After the broth boils, it must be cooled and filtered. Rinse your mouth 3-6 times a day, depending on the severity of the symptoms. The broth can not be stored for longer than 1 day, so every morning you have to cook it again.
You can use other solutions, for the preparation of which you will need:
- soda / salt. It is necessary to dissolve 1 tsp. soda / salt in warm water. Rinse your mouth every 15 minutes;
- soda + iodine. You will need to pour a glass of warm water, add to it 1 tbsp. l. soda and a few drops of iodine. Rinse should be done 5-6 times a day;
- horseradish. It should be finely grated, and pour the resulting juice into a glass of water. Rinse your mouth 3-4 times a day. This is an excellent remedy for gingivitis.
It is also advisable to apply at night to the swollen gingiva of either of the following:
- unsalted piece of fat;
- cotton wool soaked in tincture of propolis;
- a bandage soaked in peach and sea-buckthorn oil.
If you do not want to sleep with foreign objects in your mouth, you can lay them for a few hours in the afternoon.
Swollen gums - a symptom that requires a mandatoryattention. But self-medication is not worth taking: it is much easier to visit a dentist once and get rid of the problem than to endure the pain at home.
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