Swells over the knee

The acute pain that arises always frightens a person. Moreover, if it does not allow you to go, bend and unbend your leg. What can cause such a symptom? What is dangerous pathology that caused pain? How to deal with this? Let's figure it out.

In the process of walking involved a lotjoints, including some of the largest - knee. These joints are complex in terms of functionality, daily they can withstand enormous physical exertion. But, despite these factors, a purely anatomical knee is a weak joint, predisposed to trauma and degenerative (destructive) processes. If the knee hurts when bending - the treatment will depend on the specific cause, which can only be installed by a specialist. To not postpone the reference to the doctor - it is necessary to know, than it is dangerous.

Only the doctor can diagnose an accurate diagnosis

What causes pain in the knee when flexing

The first and most common cause of these pains are injuries knee joint and increased stress on it. In adolescence after sportssuch phenomena are often - a typical pathology of the knee joint, which was called Osgood-Schlatter disease (primary osteochondropathy of the tibia). The patient has pain while descending the stairs, but it is especially strong when bending the leg in the knee. This state lasts up to a month and, as a rule, ends with complete recovery. True, sometimes it can go into a chronic form.


Appearance in the knee of discomfort and crunch can mean the beginning of development arthrosis. These characteristics are usually not givenmeaning, but sorry. First, the symptoms are manifested when walking or squatting, and after a warm-up - disappear. But in the future there are pains when flexing in the knee, and the time is approaching when a person can no longer walk normally, as the pain becomes permanent.

To cause painful sensations when flexing the knee bursitis - inflammation of the articular bags. Joints become painful, their mobility decreases, the affected area of ​​the body swells.

Also, the reason may be pathology of patella cartilage. The pain is localized in the anterior part of the knee and is strengthened when moving down the stairs, with prolonged sitting, it becomes aching, and when you move in your knees you hear a crunch.

Most often the knee joints are susceptible rheumatoid arthritis. When it develops, pain occurs when bending the knee, swelling, an increase in skin temperature over the affected area, fever.

Also, the cause of pain can be sciatica - sciatica nerve inflammation.

When pinching the sciatic nerve, the patient, as a rule, experiences a "bouquet" of symptoms

How to treat pain in the knees

Whatever was the cause of pain during flexionknees - in the first place you need to reduce the load on the joints. Often in an acute period, the patient is assigned a bed rest with a gradual activation of the limb, and during movement-using a cane and even crutches. Shoes should be soft and comfortable, sometimes use orthopedic insoles.

Conservative treatment is aimed at:

  • decrease in the severity of the symptoms of the disease;
  • improving the functional activity of the affected leg and the patient as a whole;
  • slowing the progression of the disease.

After a comprehensive diagnosis, the doctor putsdiagnosis and appoints a comprehensive treatment. First of all, non-steroidal anti-inflammatory and anesthetic drugs are used. If the pain is intolerable, it is most likely that an injection of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) directly into the joint will be prescribed. This is achieved relief of painful manifestations for a long period and the patient remains able to work. Also chondroprotectors (restorers of mechanical integrity and elasticity of cartilage) and artificial substitutes for synovial fluid (which plays the role of lubricant) are also introduced into the joint cavity.

The local treatment gives good results: applications in the form of ointments, gels, aerosols and compresses. These drugs supplement NSAIDs. The advantages of local treatment is that it acts directly on the lesion, and almost does not cause side effects.

All pathologies of knee joints should bediagnosed at an early stage. Only then will the treatment be effective. In parallel with medications, the patient is prescribed physiotherapy procedures, and during remission - physiotherapy exercises.

In those cases, the code of the disease is started, andtraditional methods of treatment have not yielded results - one has to resort to surgical intervention. The most common operation is arthroscopy - a procedure that allows:

  • clarify the diagnosis,
  • remove the broken pieces of the meniscus (if any) and the cartilaginous free bodies,
  • rinse the joint cavity,
  • inject drugs,
  • to perform a cartilage transplant.

In the most neglected case, endoprosthetics are performed - complete replacement of the joint with an artificial joint.

The conclusion is simple: engage in self-treatment of joints is unacceptable, because the patient can not himself put the right diagnosis, and therefore, and receive adequate treatment. Consult a doctor and do not delay with the beginning of treatment.

At the top of the commentary are the last 30 question-and-answer blocks.

Svetlana | 06/17/004 at 18:27

Suddenly the right knee crackles as you climb the stairs, there is no pain, tell me, please, what it can be and how to get rid of it. Thank you in advance

Alex admin | 06/20/2014 at 12:32 PM

You need to be examined at a rheumatologist. Only after the doctor finds out the cause of your condition, he will prescribe a cure.

Tseren | 06/17/2014 at 04:06

Hello, I have this problem, constantlyI go in for sports, but recently the left knee is very painful when running, especially with the descents, there is an acute pain that does not give to the calyx itself, but to the side where the bones join, help with the advice

Alex admin | 06/20/2014 at 12:32 PM

Hello! With your symptoms it is difficult to give a recommendation in absentia: similar signs can be observed with various diseases of the musculoskeletal system. You should seek advice from a rheumatologist or orthopedist.

Yuri | 06.14.2014 at 07:33

Pain in the right knee (periosteum) for the first timeappeared 1.5 years ago after the race. I was treated to doctors - they did an x-ray - they said - inflammation of the periosteum - they prescribed pills + plaster. neither of which did not drink, stopped giving loads on the leg - the pain itself was gone (in 3-4 days). Periodically, the pain began to appear even after a long walk. 7 days ago I hit this place (the blow is not strong, I'm sick for 30 minutes and forgot). A couple of days after the blow jogged - the pain resumed and significantly intensified - I can not walk on the stairs - acute pain when bending my leg, giving to the lower part of the knee (no swelling was noticed). Tell me, what physiotherapy exercises are possible to relieve or at least reduce pain, because the desire to run away disappears - I just want to be able to move on foot.

Alex admin | 06/20/2014 at 12:32 PM

Yuri, for starters you should appearrheumatologist, who will conduct all necessary examinations and prescribe medications that stop (prevent) pain. Only after the diagnosis is made it will be possible to talk about treatment, including medical gymnastics and physiotherapy procedures.

Dmitry | 06/10/2014 at 08:17

Pain in the knee with a leg bend (severe pain), soalso hurts and below the knee, I noticed that the pain appears after the loads (many walks) I smear fastum a little helps (hours at 1.5-2 and naturally very aching at night.
Tell me what kind of doctor you need, maybe some exercises.

Alex admin | 06/16/2014 at 12:14 PM

Judging by the symptoms, you need a checkup from a rheumatologist.

Lydia | 05/23/2014 at 10:03

It hurts to bend the knee on the left leg just below the calyx; a tumor appeared, what to do?

Alex admin | 06/09/2014 at 12:27

A tumor below the patella is the causeinflammatory process. To clarify the nature of inflammation and develop the right treatment tactics, you need a full-time consultation of a rheumatologist or arthrologist.

Ilya | 4/23/2014 at 14:57

Zdrastvujte! I am 33 years old. After playing basketball the next day, I can not completely bend my foot and squat, my knee hurts from the inside. Already 3 weeks does not pass. The knees are still crunching. No pain just discomfort. Prompt than to treat?

Alex admin | 06/09/2014 at 12:27

Hello! You need to consult a rheumatologist who, after examining your joints, will, if necessary, send for an additional examination. Only after this it will be possible to prescribe a medicamental or physiotherapeutic treatment.

alexandr | 04/15/2014 at 19:56

Hello. At me in current of year every day and especially at night the pain behind a knee is felt. sometimes it overflows a little higher and lower. also on the back of the foot. This aching and tolerable pain. but it is constant. I tried a lot of ointments. was at orthopedists and at the rheumatologist. he did a lot of pictures. ultrasound. viewing the bone osteoid osteoma, emg 'and c.t. did not find anything. Almost every day I drink 1 tablet or nexin or brexin. But it only helps for a day or two. After the pain returns. What to do?

Alex admin | 06/09/2014 at 12:26

Good afternoon! It is very difficult to say in absentia what triggered the appearance of pain. This can be a combination of pathology of the knee joint and the lumbosacral spine, possibly a problem with the ligaments. In any case, you need a follow-up, including radiography, ultrasound Doppler and MRI. We recommend also to consult a phlebologist and neurologist.

Galina | 10.04.2014 at 16:10

Hello! I'm 54 2 years ago a small outgrowth appeared with the outer lateral front of the right knee. When probed, it looks like a cartilage, about the size of a pea. It is felt only in the strongly bent position of the knee. Virtually not noticeable. but there is a pain when squatting, lifting from the squat, and only in this place, as if this "cartilage" rests on the fabric. Very uncomfortable. Continue through the pain of dealing with Callan. only she minimally injures my knee. There is no extra weight, there is not even a crunch in the knees, because I am an active way of life. If I could somehow eliminate this trouble, I would be almost happy. Thank you.

Alex admin | 06/09/2014 at 12:24 PM

Good afternoon! Probably, we are talking about exostosis - it is a benign bone-cartilaginous formation, which can be recognized only in the course of X-ray examination. Also, such a condition can be caused by the deposition of calcium salts in soft tissues located next to the bone. In any case, in order to correctly diagnose and prescribe further treatment, you need a full-time specialist consultation.

Marin | 04/05/144 at 18:27

Hello! I'm 16 years old, after physical training, my knees ache heavily, the front part of the knee aches when I squat .. and if I sit down to the end, my back hurts (the knees do not bend to the end). After 3-4 days the pain subsides .. after fiz-ry again returns. When walking, I do not feel pain (only the first 2 minutes after a long sitting, then disappears). The knees were swollen .. when I feel it, I feel something with my fingers: there may be ligaments or muscles. Thank you)

Alex admin | 06/09/2014 at 12:23

Hello! You need to consult a rheumatologist who, after examining your joints, will send for a diagnostic examination - it will help to identify the nature of this condition. Then, if necessary, you will be prescribed treatment.

Olga | 01.04.2014 at 17:51

Recently, when vylazila from the bathroom slippedand hurt my leg. Now I can not walk calmly, too much pain in my knee when I just stand on my leg. Even if I sit / lie still any knee hurts. Also there is a slight swelling on the knee, it is still felt that the knee that hurts in temperature is hotter than healthy. I do not know what to do. Do I need to see a doctor or take care of a home (if so, how?)

Alex admin | 06/09/2014 at 12:22

Judging by your symptoms, slipping, youinjured the tendon of the quadriceps muscle of the thigh. Until you can not painlessly hold the weight of a straightened injured limb, it must be immobilized. This can take quite a long time.

Determine the extent of damage will only be able to the specialist during a full-time consultation. He also will appoint further treatment, and also will recommend a course of physical exercises.

Tatyana | 03/23/2014 at 19:42

The right knee hurts and the feeling of heaviness when walking, unpleasant flexion, as if it is thicker than it was before. The feeling that it does not fully bend, as if, something is interfering Yes, I have gonarthrosis

Alex admin | 06/09/2014 at 12:20 PM

These are very disturbing symptoms that signalThe fact that the pathological process affected not only the bone-cartilage components, but also the capsular-ligament apparatus. You need urgent treatment, which can be prescribed only after a comprehensive examination of the orthopedist. Otherwise, the knee may completely lose its motor activity.

Enter your name | 03/06/2014 at 08:03

People, do not waste time asking questions on the forum! You will be helped only by a full-time visit to the doctor!

Irina Vladimirovna | 03/04/004 at 10:07

Hello! I am 54 years old. Prompt, please to what expert to address. I, like many addressed to you. I experience unpleasant pains in the knee area. At first the pains were in one knee with uncomfortable flexion slightly to the side, then the pain came when kneeling or kneeling, then at night, when she slept on her side, and echoing the knee fell on the diseased fold. And now both feet are already aching with different intensity and pain is given in the hip joint. Which specialist will give advice. Rheumatologist or orthopedist?

Alex admin | 06/09/2014 at 12:18 PM

Hello! Judging by your symptoms, it is a question of degenerative-dystrophic changes in the joints (arthrosis). You do not need to delay with a consultation, contact an orthopedist or an arthrologist.

Enter your name | 03.03.2014 at 03:41

Hello, I am 35 years old. During school years he was engaged in freestyle wrestling, on one of the trainings he landed unsuccessfully on his knee. Then did not pay attention. Subsequently, the pains were rare and tolerant until recently. Here, within three months the pain in the knee joint makes itself felt: I can not sit down, as it were, I squat on two legs. But the main load goes to a healthy one, and I can not sit down on the patient at all - there is no bending and a sharp pain, like a needle stuck. And when walking the same way, when climbing and descending the stairs. Please tell me how to be, thank you in advance.

Alex admin | 06/09/2014 at 12:17 PM

Such symptoms signal the development of early gonarthrosis, which arose after a sports injury. You need to urgently consult an orthopedic practitioner and start therapy without delay.

dima | 02/22/2014 at 12:12 PM

hello to me 33 years old weight 83 height 172 receivedinjury to the right knee 11 years ago playing football was a dislocation now throughout all years, pain pain in the knee is not often but with periuds 3 to 4 months for two three weeks I walk slightly bent knee pain is not sharp, blunt pulling as if something is interfering inside with strong bend and knee flexion, when the knee does not fall into these limits of pain, there is no pain in the leg of the pain, too, when pressing the fingers on the knee area, there is a sharp pain of the inside of the knee between the joints did rengen the therapist said everything is ok and the ortapeda does not say zhaluysta that my knee and whether it can restore

Alex admin | 6/9/2014 at 12:14 PM

Hello! Judging by your symptoms, there was a damage to the soft tissues of the joint. And in this case, the X-ray, unfortunately, will not be able to give an accurate assessment of the state, since X-rays only through the bone structures. You need to have an ultrasound of the knee joint, but first you need to consult a rheumatologist.

alexey | 6.02.2014 at 06:25

sobstvuyte.vnovnnom winter knees begin to hurt, I can not squat. and this year I began to get sick at the same time and the sciatic nerve. The picture made the joint in order. please tell me how to treat

Alex admin | 06/09/2014 at 12:13 PM

Good afternoon! You need to consult a neurologist, as well as undergo additional ultrasound Doppler examination and MRI of knee joints, which will help to find out the nature of this condition. Only after the additional examination the specialist will be able to prescribe the correct treatment.

Marat | 1/19/2014 at 06:03

Hello. At me such problem: the beginning the knee hurt. and it hurt only when squatting. The pain was not strong, so I did not pay attention to it. Such pain lasted five days, and on the sixth day she began to ache more (with the turn of her leg, let's say I'm sitting on the floor, I get up with a severe pain in my leg, in other cases, pain is not observed). Whether it is necessary to me to worry about the further development of a pain in a knee and how to cure a sick knee?

Alex admin | 06/09/2014 at 12:11

Hello. Of course, any pathological condition that occurs with increased pain should not be ignored. However, only in case of internal consultation the specialist will be able to find out the nature of the damage and develop an effective method of treatment. In your case, a rheumatologist or orthopedist will help.

Maria | 01/11/2014 at 08:25

The same problem as Svetlana: "
Light 05.12.13. | | 12/05/2013 at 08:49
Sharp pain in the knees of the left leg when walking, I walk on a straight leg. Sitting leg bends and unbends almost painlessly, and when walking while flexing it hurts. what should I do? ", and what should I do?

Elena | 01/01/194 at 18:25

Hello! She washed the windows and leaned her left knee on the windowsill, and in two days she began to hurt her knee when climbing the stairs and turning the foot. Tumors are not present, in rest too does not hurt. By evening, if the natrusz begins to get very sick. Wet Voltaren-gel. The pain removes or takes out but probably does not treat, so already a floor of month. Advise please that with it or this to do or make.? That can be the reason boli7

Alex admin | 06/09/144 at 12:06

Hello. Your symptoms may be indicative of a knee meniscus injury that occurred at a strong pressure on the knee area. Voltaren-gel has only a temporary anesthetic effect, it does not solve the main problem. It is worth to visit the orthopedist traumatologist.

AllA | 12/27/2013 at 03:47

Hello. Also, the leg in the knee hurts when fully unbent and with turns to the right and left with this foot. Especially sweeps when turning. I can not do fitness, it feels like it swells. Tried to smear Dklak - gel. The pain fades only for a few hours. What should I do? Then wait for the development of pain?

Alex admin | 06/09/2014 at 10:25 am

Hello. Wait and engage in self-treatment with such symptoms is strictly prohibited. Probably, at employment by fitness you have received a trauma of a meniscus - this pathology demands immediate medical help. You should as soon as possible contact an orthopedic trauma surgeon, who will conduct the diagnosis and prescribe the appropriate treatment.

Rasul | 12/13/2013 at 11:43

At me it is not pleasant that the knee hurts that then.And it goes on for a whole week without breaking a leg completely, and also when I press completely, the right calenus does a lot of sagging the pain, it's not a strong feeling, like something prevents the kaleno from bending. But the parish and we go up the stairs all right. What can it be?

Alex admin | 06/09/2014 at 10:24 am

Your symptoms may indicate initialstages of development of arthrosis, or damage to intraarticular menisci. To tighten with medical consultation in that case in no event it is impossible, as only the timely begun treatment can guarantee success and recovery.

Light 05.12.13. | | 12/05/2013 at 08:49

Sharp pain in the knees of the left leg when walking, I walk on a straight leg. Sitting leg bends and unbends almost painlessly, and when walking while flexing it hurts. what to do?

Alex admin | 06/09/2014 at 10:23

Hello. In this case, in order to understand the causes of pain, it is necessary to examine the joint itself and the ligament apparatus for inflammation or trauma. You can do this by visiting a trauma specialist.

Alex admin | 07/12/2014 at 07:05

Asya, no doctor has the right to prescribetreatment, without previously examining the patient and not having established an accurate diagnosis. In your case, it is wiser not to look for help on the Internet, but to consult a rheumatologist. Delaying a visit to a doctor, you only exacerbate the problem.

Asya | 7/1/2014 at 18:25

Hello, similar symptoms (pain when flexing, no tumor)
The pain has appeared owing to a sports trauma, possibility to address to the doctor on the given I have no, prompt variants of treatment, please

Enter your name 12/01/2013 at 08:51

When flexing severe pain in the knee joint, there is no joint fluid and cartilaginous 1mm, than to treat. what to do. Help?

Alex admin | 06/09/2014 at 10:21

Your symptoms indicate a serious stagearthrosis of the knee joint. You need to turn to a rheumatologist or orthopedist for follow-up and treatment. In each case, the therapy is individual.

Daniel | 11/26/2013 at 12:46

Today was walking along the street, the street was rather cold +3 and felt that it was hard to bend one knee. No pain, just how hard it is.
I'm 16 years old, doing basketball

Alex admin | 06/09/2014 at 10:19 am

In adolescence, discomfort and pain in theJoints often arise due to the fact that the growth of blood vessels does not keep pace with the growth of bones. As a result, blood circulation in the tissues is partially disturbed, which in the future is normalized. Also, your symptoms may also indicate the initial stages of arthrosis caused by micro-trauma during exercise. In any case, you need to visit an orthopedic trauma specialist.

Ivan | 10/04/2013 at 17:17

Pain in the knee of the left leg when flexing or squatting. Tumor has not noticed. What to do?

Alex admin | 06/09/2014 at 10:18

One-sided pain when flexing the knee joint or squatting can talk about trauma or inflammation of the ligament apparatus. To make a more accurate diagnosis, a consultation of a traumatologist is needed.

ELENA | 10/03/2013 at 07:33

Acute pain when flexing the knee with an internalside. Before this, injections of hyaluronic acid (fermatron) -5 pcs were done, the result was not felt. And the other day the pain became unbearable, I walked on a straight leg. I made a dip of diprospan, but even for the time of improvement I did not feel it. What else can I do?

Alex admin | 06/09/2014 at 10:17

Your symptoms may indicatepathology of the knee joint itself, and diseases not associated with it. In the second case, treatment, which is usually prescribed for joint diseases, may not work. With acute pain, it is better to seek medical advice from a traumatologist for additional examination, clarification of the diagnosis and the appointment of appropriate therapy.

gerda | 9/22/2013 at 2:05 pm

when I freeze or catch cold, my knees begin to ache, they are painful to keep in a bent state, and when I straighten my leg, it's even more painful.

Alex admin | 06/09/2014 at 10:14

Pain in the knee joints that are associated withweather changes, hypothermia or colds, most often have a vascular character due to circulatory disorders in the joint tissues. This pathology requires the appointment of not only warming ointments, but also drugs that improve blood microcirculation.

Andrew | 01.09.2013 at 21:07

Ostrohondroz kakby passed the pain in his back but nounder the knee joint the pain remained, walking is difficult. I made a picture of the joint in good condition, what can I do! To the doctor already went have drunk a heap of tablets.

Alex admin | 06/09/2014 at 10:12 am

It is possible that your pathology is not related tochanges in knee joints. Often after an exacerbation of an osteochondrosis there is a neuritis of a popliteal nerve which can cause similar signs. To exclude or confirm such a pathology, a neurologist's consultation is necessary.

Alex admin | 06/09/144 at 16:07

I'm glad that you are doing well with joints and a sense of humor. ) But, unfortunately, you are not the only one and not the last one who has such a question - my belated answer to readers will not be superfluous.

Andrew | 06/09/2014 at 15:48

Admin, are you sitting or what? Joints already daavnym long gone and others have already had time to get sick.

Andrew | 7/8/2013 05:57

The same problem as that of Michael.

Michael | 06/16/2013 at 01:03

It hurts to bend the knee on the left leg just above the cup, a tumor appeared, what to do?

Alex admin | 06/09/144 at 10:08

Your symptoms may be related both to pathologyjoints, and with problems in the ligamentous apparatus or patella. It is advisable to undergo an examination with a traumatologist, which will help you to know which structure is affected. The results of the survey will also determine the therapeutic measures.