The joint of the foot swells
With inflammation of the joint on the leg, as a rule,the ability to move decreases, the joint swells or swells, and pain appears not only when walking and in a calm state. These are common symptoms for a variety of diseases.
Why do the toes hurt? In this article, you will learn about the possible reasons for why the big toe hurts and what to do in this case.
Inflammation of the joint on the first toe canoccur with a variety of diseases. Basically, these are various joint diseases: arthritis (gout, rheumatoid arthritis, big finger arthritis), osteoarthritis, bursitis.
- pain in the joint, which gradually grows with time;
- the articular region swells;
- the skin over the joint becomes hot and reddish.
The presence of these symptoms indicates thatit is necessary to urgently consult a doctor, otherwise the inflamed inflammation will lead to irreversible changes and an operation will be required to restore the mobility of the articular joint.
In acute pain, the pain is severe and frequent, withchronic - periodic. Chronic arthritis is especially dangerous because of uncharacteristic symptoms, while prolonged sluggish inflammation causes not only deformity of the joint, it can even collapse.
Of the many types of arthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, infectious, reactive arthritis and gout are most common. Each of them proceeds in its own way and is treated by different methods.
This disease is diagnosed by characteristicsymptoms. and also on the basis of X-ray images and changes in the analyzes. Rheumatoid arthritis is characterized by a symmetrical lesion of the joints on both legs.
Joints swell, blush, their mobility is limited, a person experiences moderate intensity pain. In this case, after exercise, stiffness and pain decrease.
With them, the immune system attacks articular tissues, perceiving them as alien.
Often this inflammation develops in a couple of weeks after a previous acute respiratory disease or sore throat.
At the appearance of the very first signs urgentlyit is necessary to consult a rheumatologist. This disease is incurable, but it is possible to significantly reduce manifestations of inflammation with medication or synovectomy (surgical treatment). This will help in time to stop the progression of arthritis and improve well-being.
Primary antirheumatic drugs (azathioprine, levamisole, cyclosporine, mesalazine, dixycycline and many others) and biological agents (emblem, kineret, humir, remicade, orentium) are prescribed.
This disease is called a disease of meat eaters because ofthe fact that it arises as a result of subsidence in the joints of the substance that is formed during the exchange of purines. They are especially abundant in meat. Most often middle-aged men are ill with gout.
inflammation of the joint of the thumb with gout
Symptoms are sudden and very acute,vomiting, burning or pulsating pain in the joint. Especially the pain intensifies at night, and wilts by the morning. The joint becomes purple-red and swollen. Attacks last for 3-4 days to six times a year and are provoked by excessive consumption of fatty foods and meat, by drinking alcohol.
Often, gout is accompanied by the deposition of urate in the kidneys, which leads to pyelonephritis and urolithiasis.
For treatment, a diet withrestriction of meat and drugs, normalizing the exchange of purines. For pain relief, ibuprofen, voltaren, are used. nimulide, movalis, as well as a drug of another group - colchicine, a special short-acting drug.
Attention! Specific drugs should be prescribed only by a doctor. Self-medication is unacceptable and dangerous.
With this inflammation, the constant pain ofdriving time. After a night of rest there is a feeling of stiffness, the joint swells, the skin becomes hot and turns red. This can greatly increase body temperature.
This type of arthritis is caused by infection. She could get directly into the joint of the fingers or with the current of blood from other organs. Because of local symptoms, there are common signs of the disease of the body:
- increased body temperature,
- general weakness.
Treatment of arthritis caused by infection
infectious arthritis of the toe
Treatment of infectious arthritis depends on the causes that caused it. With this inflammation it is important to detect and cure the underlying infection.
Therefore, antibiotics of either a broad spectrum of action are necessarily prescribed, or according to the results of the analyzes: penicillins (oxacillin, ampicillin).
This disease is characterized by dull pain,which usually disturbs during the day. It increases after a long standing and with physical activity. After rest and in the morning noticeably decreases. In joints periodically there can be a crunch and a click. The finger deviates to the side, loses mobility and is deformed. Often, the deformed joint is further injured by uncomfortable shoes.
To clarify the diagnosis, the doctor prescribes a radiograph and a blood test to check the uric acid content.
If the disease begins to be treated on time, thento do with orthopedic footwear, massages, mud therapy, swimming, physiotherapy. Reduction of pain is facilitated by injection of a local anesthetic. To reduce inflammation, corticosteroids are used.
Longevity on the big toe with bursitis
It is an inflammation of the metatarsophalangeal joint of the thumb that results from injuries and micro-injuries (uncomfortable shoes), as well as the spread of inflammation from the surrounding tissues.
At first, it is typical for him to appear on thethe outer side of the thumb of a painless tumor-like formation - "bones" or "bumps". The joint warps, moving away from the other fingers.
Only after a few months there is pain on the plantar surface of the foot and in the area of the inflamed joint. On the sole are painful napotypes.
The cause of bursitis is a violation of pronation, andgreater mobility of metatarsal bone. And their metatarsophalangeal joint of the thumb undergoes excessive pressure at the moment when the leg is repelled from the ground. The tendons of the thumb are constantly in a stretched state, and this causes the thumb to bend outward.
Treatment of bursitis
The joint is easier to cure at those stages when itcurved as small as possible. Therefore, it is necessary to consult a doctor as soon as possible without waiting for pain. To correct a small deformation of the thumb is actively used orthopedic shoes, changing the direction of the action of mechanical forces.
If already there are pain in the finger, then to remove them using anti-inflammatory drugs and interstitial injections. In a difficult stage, surgery is necessary.
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How to treat bursitis