Why do the joints ache and sweat?
The knee participates in our dailymoving, so the appearance of pain in the legs in the knee area a person can not miss. Any discomfort on the part of health is always trying to eliminate with the help of medications, but not always this action remains justified.
The knee participates in our dailymoving, so the appearance of pain in the legs in the knee area a person can not miss. Any discomfort on the part of health is always trying to eliminate with the help of medications, but not always this action remains justified. For understanding the reasons why the knees ache, it is necessary to disassemble several diseases that contribute to the appearance of this symptom.
Osteoarthritis of the knee joint - treatdegenerative-dystrophic diseases. The risk groups are women over 40 years of age with excessive body weight. Gonarthrosis is affected by 30-40% of people who have consulted about pain in the knee.
Diseases, as a rule, have bilateral flow.
The first symptoms of the disease do not appear immediately, after a few months or even years. People start to notice stiffness of movement of the knee joint and pain in the legs, which occurs after a long walk. With the progression of gonarthrosis, the intensity of the pain syndrome increases, and the leg in the knee hurts already constantly, but at rest and at night the person does not bother.
Over time, it becomes difficult to climb andgo down the stairs, get up from a chair or squat. When there are strong changes in the structure of the joint, a person walking can feel a crunch in the knee.
External signs of the disease is deformity of the knee joint, which is worsening over the years.
Meniscopathy - develops due to damagemeniscuses. To the group of risk for this disease are sportsmen and fans of extreme sports. However, such a trauma can occur in everyday life with sudden movement during walking, running or unsuccessful jumping.
At the moment of injury in case of unsuccessful movement, a personfeels a sharp pain in the leg in the region of the knee, which leads to the immobilized position of the victim. Depending on the amount of damage, the pain may decrease after a few minutes and the person will continue his intended path, or may not change his intensity.
After a certain period of time, the knee swells, blood underneath the knee can be accumulated (hemarthrosis) with damage to blood vessels. The movements in the joint are limited, there may be clicks.
The painful syndrome lasts about 2-3 weeks, then the intensity of pain in the leg subsides and disappears completely.
However, without adequate knee treatment,functional changes in the joint, which leads to a chronic course of the disease and an aggravation of the pain syndrome after the action of provoking factors.
Arthritis of the knee joint is inflammationall the constituent parts of the joint. People can be sick of any age, but the disease often falls on young years. Depending on the cause that caused arthritis, both one joint and both joints can be affected.
The height of the disease falls on the first days. External manifestations do not keep you waiting: The knee swells, the skin over it is hyperemic. Pain in the legs in the knee joint is of a permanent nature, but there is a tendency for pain pain to increase at night and knee pain at night can be bursting.
It is worth noting that with arthrosis and meniscopathy at night, pain, as a rule, does not bother what should be considered when making a diagnosis.
Pain in knee joints with arthritis does not haverelationship with the movement and position of the body. They appear when they like, and often do not respond to applying heat or cold to the knee, or even taking a comfortable pose.
Usually, the pain syndrome can be stopped with anti-inflammatory drugs, although for a short while.
Osteoarthritis of the hip joint - treat thosethe same degenerative-dystrophic diseases, in which there is destruction of the hip joint. With the progression of the disease, atrophy of the hip muscles is observed, which in turn causes the pain in the legs in the knee region.
Suffering from pain in the joints? Not sure if you should go to a doctor? Read this article. to learn more.
Patients are difficult to walk on the stairs and climb from their haunches, they feel pain in their knees when squatting.
Ischemic pains occur due to a disorderblood supply in the knee joint. The reason may be a sharp change of weather, a long stay in the cold and excessive physical stress. As a rule, the pain is localized symmetrically, that is, in both knees, has the same intensity and does not affect the mobility of the joints.
Patients often characterize the symptoms in one phrase - "knees".
Special treatment with this disease is not required, and pain can be eliminated with the help of warming ointments, kneading of the knee or taking medications that dilate the vessels.
Inflammation of the periarticular tissues - in medicine is called periarthritis. The risk group includes women older than 40 years.
Pain sensations are localized on the internalthe knee surface (pain in the leg under the knee). Occur when the center of gravity is transferred to the limb, namely when descending the stairs or lifting and wearing heavy objects. Also, in this case, there is pain in the knees when squatting.
During a calm walk on a flat surface, the pain does not bother.
Periarthritis does not disturb movement in the kneejoint, so the amplitude of motion is complete. External changes for this disease are not characteristic, therefore, edema, swelling and deformity are not observed.
Other causes of pain in the knee
- Cold-Schlatter Disease - treat osteochondropathies, in whichExcessive stress on the tendon of the quadriceps femoris causes the tuberosity to appear on the anterior surface of the tibia. The disease develops at a young age (10 - 18 years) and is associated with stressful physical exertion. Characterized by the appearance of pain in the legs and swelling below the knee and violation of flexion in the joint.
- Bursitis - characterized by the appearance of inflammatory phenomena in the periarticular bag due to infection, the presence of trauma and overexertion. Classical complaints: pain and swelling in the knee area.
- Inflammation of the tendon (tendinitis) - characterized by the appearance of pain in the legs due to excessive strain on the knee joint, as well as in inadequate rest.
- Dislocation of the patella - arises from the weakness and atrophy of the muscles of the thigh (quadriceps and extensor muscles).
- Longitudinal flat feet of 2 nd, 3 rd and 4 th stages - the physiological construction of the limb is broken, so the pain can spread along the shin to the knee.
- Synovitis of the knee joint - the synovial membrane becomes inflamed, as a result of which fluid begins to be produced in the joint cavity, accumulates and compresses the structures, causing pain.
Injuries - structural disorders in any tissuecauses pain, and therefore are one of the main causes that cause pain in the legs. The knee joint has a complex structure and consists of many parts (articular bone surfaces, patella, ligaments and meniscuses).
If the trajectory is incorrect, the pivot point changes and the excess physical exertion, tissue changes can occur:
- damage to menisci and ligaments, namely their ruptures;
- dislocation of the patella and its confusion;
- fractures of the bones that make up the knee joint.
As a result, all traumas can be complicated by the attachment of inflammation, as a result of which the tissues become thinner and then coarsened.
A serious result of the damage can be hemarthrosis (blood accumulation in the articular bag) - this indicates the damage to a large vessel.
As noted, there are many diseases,which can cause pain in the knee, so you should carefully differentiate the pathology. Only a competent specialist can correctly diagnose and prescribe an adequate treatment, because it is not always possible for clinical manifestations to do this and have to resort to additional studies.
Stretching knee ligaments can bring a lot of trouble. if you do not start on time the right treatment.
On the treatment of bursitis of the knee joint medication can be read from the link: http://nogi-stopi.ru/sustavy/koleni/bursit.html.
Remember that self-medication is not goodwill result. In time, the diagnosis is half the success in curing the disease. A qualified doctor will prescribe an effective treatment for pain in the legs in the knee, and you will avoid a chronic manifestation of the disease in the future, because nobody wants to suffer all his life because of a aching knee.