Causes of joints cause
Quite often, with injuries, tissue damage andinflammation of the joints in a person are swollen fingers on the hands. In order for the outcome of treatment to be positive, it is necessary to determine the exact cause of this phenomenon, since each individual case needs certain therapeutic measures. When swollen joints on the fingers, there is a sharp pain that does not allow the phalanges to function normally. What to do in such situations? Let's try to consider the main causes that provoke swelling, and ways to eliminate them.
How to remove the tumor?
Puffy fingers on the hands are observed not only inresult of infectious infection or injury, but also with repetitive movements, for example, when working with a computer mouse for a long time. In such cases, a complete peace and cold compress with a tight bandage is necessary. Reduce pain, relieve inflammation and normalize blood circulation by lifting the affected toe up. Using ice, it is necessary to remember that it should be applied through a bandage, otherwise you can not only frostbite the skin, but also significantly reduce blood flow, which will cause tissue damage and complicate the subsequent rehabilitation.
It is very useful to make baths with warmsalted water, in which it is recommended to lower the affected limb twice a day for 20 minutes. If the situation remains the same and the condition does not improve, it is necessary to urgently consult a doctor to exclude injury or rupture of the tendon, as well as the development of the infectious process.
Enough often swollen fingers on the handsdiagnosed because of traumatic effects. The first signs of a fracture is a strong swelling of soft tissues, a rapid increase in their temperature, redness, severe pain, subcutaneous hemorrhage and impaired motor activity. Before going to the hospital, it is recommended to build a special tire: it can be a pencil or a ball pen, which should be attached to a sore thumb. Remember that such a device is superimposed so that it is possible to fix the underlying and overlying joints.
If the joints swell on the fingers without visiblereasons, and while you can not perform the usual movements, you need to see a doctor who, on the basis of blood tests and X-rays, will make appropriate conclusions about the condition of the tissues and the inflammatory processes taking place in them. Provoke edema can allergic reactions, arthritis, arthrosis and much more.
It should be noted that the thumbThe structure differs from the other fingers, since it has only two phalanges. With the help of a thumb, a person can lift weights and take uncomfortable objects, so when he is injured, it is impossible to perform elementary manipulations. In such cases, a comprehensive treatment based on the intake of anti-inflammatory drugs is prescribed, as well as the use of ointments, creams, wraps, compresses and lotions. If the thumb on the hand is swollen, it is useful to apply honey cakes to it, but if there is an allergy to beekeeping products, it is better to refuse such procedure.
If the phalanges of the fingers are swollen as a resultabrasions, cuts, unsuccessfully treated cuticle, it is necessary to prevent purulent inflammation. For this, disinfectants such as streptocidal ointment, hydrogen peroxide and a solution of furacilin are used. If the affected tissue becomes wet, it is better to use powdered streptocide and to change gauze bandages more often. To eliminate a deep inflammatory process that does not have obvious external manifestations, it is recommended to use Vishnevsky ointment. Local treatment is often combined with the use of antibacterial drugs, but such medications are prescribed exclusively by a doctor.
A small tumor is an ordinary sign of an openwound, but if such a phenomenon continues for a sufficiently long time, it is a signal that you need to see a doctor. Prevent infection by using soapy water or a disinfectant, as well as using antibacterial ointment and a sterile dressing. Open injuries of the skin that are caused by animal bites, rusty objects or deep punctures, need immediate medical attention, otherwise their consequences can seriously threaten not only health, but also human life.
Other causes of swelling of fingers
Probably, many people noticed swollen onesfingers on hands after a long walk. What does it say? Most often this phenomenon is not associated with a serious illness and, as a rule, passes after a while. In most cases, the swelling of the hands is observed in inactive people who have been without movement for a long time. As a result of this lifestyle, the work of the respiratory and cardiovascular systems is disrupted, which leads to the accumulation of blood in the upper limbs. Hence, there is a swelling of the fingers, which can be accompanied by a slight tingling.
Another reason may be the difference betweenthe temperature of the air and your body. During the movement, the body warms up and begins to get rid of heat through the release of sweat. At this time, cool air acts on the open areas of the hands, blood begins to flow to them, which leads to swelling and swelling. You can ease your condition in the following way: during a walk, make stops often, periodically squeeze and unclench your fists, and do not forget to raise your hands above your head. If on return from a walk the tumor does not come off, contact the hospital.
Often, women notice that they have swollen the middlefinger on the hand. The reason for this can be an ordinary ring, which squeezes the lower phalanx and leads to stagnation of blood. In this case, it is better to abandon such ornaments, which, among other things, can cause allergies. If you regularly swollen your fingers, do not delay the visit to the doctor, because such a symptom may indicate a serious disease, which is easier to eliminate at an early stage of development.