Swelling of tears how to get rid

In the evening, any shoes become small, and in the morning without tears you can not look at yourself in the mirror? Edema is a frequent and often not dangerous problem. But doctors have a different opinion.

Published on: 27 July 2009

In the evening, any shoes become small, and in the morning without tears you can not look at yourself in the mirror? Edema is a frequent and often not dangerous problem. But doctors have a different opinion.

As you know, a person approximately 70% consists ofwater. About 2/3 of the total fluid volume is inside the cells, 1/3 - in the intercellular space. An increase in the volume fraction of the latter is called edema.

The reasons can be many, but in any case it issignal about a malfunction in the body. And often belated: excess fluid can reach several liters, before a disease begins to manifest itself clinically. So we learn the main rule: propensity to edema is an essential reason to consult a doctor. But to which one?

Inflammatory. Most often associated with inflammatorydiseases of veins (phlebitis or thrombophlebitis). Legs turn red, seem hot to the touch, hurt at rest and with palpation. Most often, such edema develops only on one leg or arm.
WHAT TO DO. On a visit to phlebologist it is better not to delay. The problem is not in swelling, but in the main disease: the formed thrombi can come off and go into the "big" bloodstream, causing a blockage of various vessels, up to the pulmonary artery.

Allergic. Develop very quickly - for example, a few seconds after the bite of an insect (a classic example -

• Rings on the fingers in the morning dress freely, and in the evening are very difficult to remove.
• In the evening it is difficult or impossible to wear narrow shoes or other hard shoes.
• Without apparent cause, the weight increased by several kilograms per month.
• If you press your thumb on the front of the lower leg, there is a hole that does not straighten for a very long time.

blister after a mosquito bite). Often accompanied by itching and redness, there may be a small-scale rash. The edema is tight, the skin seems taut.
WHAT TO DO. Local allergic reaction is not an excuse forpanic attacks. It is enough to lubricate the bite site with an anti-inflammatory ointment with corticosteroids and to drink an antihistamine pill. But the general reaction, called Quincke's edema, as well as anaphylactic shock, are extremely serious, requiring immediate medical intervention. It is almost impossible to help oneself in this situation. In the future, an allergist will consult in order to know exactly their "problem" allergens.

When there is a violation of venous outflow. Swelling usually mild or moderate in thickness, the skinwarm, with a cyanotic shade. In this case, the signs of the underlying disease are evident, that is, varicose veins. Localization - either on one leg, or both, but then the swelling is uneven (asymmetric). Occur after a working day or load (for example, if you have stood for a long time).
WHAT TO DO. You can help yourself by various means - fromWearing compression knitwear and using contrast baths before applying gels with heparin. But it is better, if even such simple means of treatment will be picked up by phlebologist. And then it will control your condition at least once every six months. How to treat varicose veins - read here.

When there is a lymphatic outflow. Edema is tight, with pressure, the fossa does not remain. First, the ankle swells, then the shin, sometimes the knee. Then another leg swells, but not so distinctly. In most cases, there is a clear boundary between the swollen and non-swollen parts of the limb. Skin color does not change. Such edema is practically independent of the load and time of the day, they are kept constantly and most often are associated with age-related changes in lymphatic vessels after 40 years.
WHAT TO DO. Lymphatic edema is one of the most difficult. At least because they do not remove the usual means at home. Nevertheless, phlebologists every year there are more and more drugs, and hardware cosmetology has moved far ahead. So we will not put up with the costs of age, go to the doctor.

A very unpleasant problem is hidden swelling,which are with many diseases. As the name suggests, a person can not suspect them for a long time until the situation worsens. Only a doctor can reveal hidden swelling - for this there is a diagnostic test, the so-called McClure test. 0.2 ml of physiological solution is injected intradermally into the inner surface of the forearm. In a healthy person, resorption occurs in 60-90 minutes, if there are hidden swelling, 30-40 minutes is enough.

Premenstrual edema. Appear clearly on the calendar, in the second halfcycle, and reach a maximum before the onset of menstruation. Their development is associated with a deficiency in the function of the yellow body. Edema symmetrical, in the region of the ankles, in hot weather are more pronounced. May be accompanied by headache, weakness, sleep disturbance, increased irritability and wolfish appetite. All symptoms disappear after menstruation.
WHAT TO DO. If such swelling does not deliver specialtroubles, you can simply follow the basic rules that mitigate the symptoms of PMS. But it is better to consult a gynecologist-endocrinologist: there is a possibility that in your case you can choose effective medications.

Heart. Caused by the development of heart failure. Appear gradually, their appearance is preceded by a more or less prolonged period of dyspnea. "Cardiac" edema is always symmetrical: first the ankles (with swelling in the morning), then the swelling can go up to the hips. The skin in the zone of the swelling is stretched, cold to the touch, pale blue.
WHAT TO DO. Without a visit to the cardiologist can not do. He will select the main treatment, among which will be drugs that help reduce edema. Independently they will not pass never.

Kidney. Associated with various kidney lesions and caused bya delay in sodium in the body, along with which water is retained. A characteristic feature - soft, dough-like edemas appear in the morning, after sleeping, most often on the face, less often on the hands. The oedematous skin is dry, pale, sometimes shiny, atrophic. Another characteristic symptom is "floating" swelling, which moves fairly quickly when the body position changes. Sometimes swelling occurs after a person ate a good piece of watermelon.
WHAT TO DO. Diuretics can be drunk only if there is a completeconfidence in the absence of renal pathology. Otherwise, the therapy should appoint a nephrologist with a view of the kidneys: too many nuances. At least give an urine test and do not delay the visit to a specialist: with the kidneys do not joke.

Published on: 27 July 2009

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