Fluid retention in the body swelling
Fluid retention (edema) is described asexcess fluid in the body tissues caused by improper removal of fluid from blood vessels, especially capillaries. The fluid in the body is contained in three sections: in cells, in tissues (intercellular and interstitial fluid) and in blood vessels. There is a constant exchange of fluid between these three divisions, and they are "fed" by fluid from the intestine.
Fluid equilibrium is maintained byosmosis (in which water molecules follow larger molecules, penetrating blood vessels and cell walls) and with chemical messengers (cells that increase or decrease the pore size in the blood vessels and cell walls).
There are many reasons why liquidis delayed in the interstitial space, but in principle it occurs either because of the leakage of protein from the capillaries, when the protein molecules pull water behind them, or when the liquid can not enter the cells due to the protective fat / protein layer that surrounds the cells. Certain areas of the body can become edematous due to blockage in the drainage system (in the lymphatic system). This happens with such violations as infectious diseases, leading to elephantiasis, trauma or tumors.
Many diseases affect capillarypermeability, but a violation of hormonal balance is the most frequent reason. The low level of thyroid hormones, the imbalance between estrogen and progesterone and hormones produced by the kidneys and the nervous system all affect the size of the blood vessels and the degree of their permeability. Water is attracted to tissues by osmosis. Osmosis is a physiological reaction triggered by the electromagnetic mechanisms of molecules and, more simply, pulling water through the shell until the number of water molecules on both sides equalizes. Exactly the same situation will occur if the blood lack of sodium or potassium and other electrolytes and minerals. Excessive salt or sugar content in tissues helps to attract water, as well as toxins.
Simple back pressure caused by obstructionvenous blood flow or heart failure, literally squeezes out fluid through the pores of the capillaries. Symptoms of edema or water retention depend on the location of excess fluid. The most common complaint is swelling of the ankles or lower parts of the legs, hands and fingers, face, lower jaw and diaphragm. If the edema occurs in places where vital organs are located, such as the brain or lungs, a life threatening situation arises. So, the mentioned edema of the brain or lungs are associated with serious complications, and in such cases the patient must immediately be taken to the hospital.
The accumulation of fluid in the lower limbs is often associated with blockage of the veins and is usually observed during pregnancy and obesity. More serious diseases, such as cardiac
insufficiency and liver disease (through the liver passes the main vein of the human body - the hollow vein), contribute to the creation of back pressure and, as a result, the accumulation of fluid in the tissues of the body.
Changes in the hormonal background of the body cancause the appearance of edema throughout the body, for example, it is known that edema is one of the symptoms that preceded the onset of the menstrual cycle. In such periods, women notice that the shoes become tight, and the rings on the fingers are so tight that it interferes with the normal circulation of blood.
Lack of nutrients leads to imbalancethe content of electrolytes, amino acids and minerals in the human body. Their deficiency in tissues is replaced by water. In addition, allergic reactions to certain foods cause a state of toxicosis. The organism as a protective reaction from these toxins attracts water to the tissues for the dissolution and elimination of toxic substances. Other toxins, such as alcohol and the product of its half-life, aldehyde, are by-products of cigarette smoke and other narcotic substances, can cause a state of toxic poisoning requiring the participation of water to dilute and remove these products from the body. In addition, the above substances have a direct chemical effect on the permeability of capillaries. Taking traditional medicines can also cause swelling, for the same reason.
Paradoxically, one of the main reasonsfluid retention in the body, which doctors often overlook, is dehydration (see Dehydration section). On the one hand, it is not immediately clear why inadequate water intake (lack of drinking) can lead to an excess of fluid in the tissues of the body. But the mechanism of this phenomenon is simple. If an insufficient amount of water is consumed, individual cells in the human body begin to attract liquid. When these cells are saturated with water, they surround their external walls with waterproof lipid / protein protection. This protective shell mainly consists of cholesterol, produced by the liver. The same process is responsible for the increased level of cholesterol in the blood.
Despite the fact that the body cells are saturated with water andso they are normal metabolic processes, the body acts as a dehydrator and orders to keep water in the system, as if it is not enough. Blood will carry the fluid to the tissues of the body, especially to the depot of fatty tissues, thus causing swelling and a diabdomous effect. All this leads to a concentration of blood, causing a further reflex fluid retention.
Another possible reason for the delay inthe body is a conglomeration of toxins. The organism often delays water to dissolve poisons, which are in interstitial and cellular spaces. In this case, the concentration of blood is considered less dangerous. The characteristic bloating, often observed after drinking alcohol or using a drug, can be caused by a combination of dehydration and the accumulation of toxic substances in the body tissues.
• It is very important to find out whetherwater retention in the body, hormonal or biochemical changes that can be caused by diseases such as hypothyroidism (reduced thyroid activity) and diabetes. It is also necessary to exclude diseases such as heart, liver and kidney disease (the first two diseases lead to venous stasis, and the latter - to electrolyte imbalance).
• If the medicine prescribed by the doctor hasside effects, such as, for example, water retention in the body, it is necessary to inform the doctor about the appearance of edema. This medicine should be canceled or replaced with another, which does not cause such adverse side effects.
• Pay attention to your diet. Limit the intake of salt and semi-finished foods that contain large amounts of sodium.
• It is also necessary to carry out tests for foodan allergy. To find out whether it is necessary to carry out such tests, you can begin to follow the diet during detoxification or fast for three days, ensuring sufficient water intake. If during this time there will be noticeable improvement in well-being, most likely, a person has a food allergy.
• Drink plenty of water. As described above, the mechanism of fluid retention in the body is paradoxical: the more a person drinks water, the less it detains in the body. Normal intake should be at least half a liter of water per 30 cm of growth, and in case of fluid retention in the body, water consumption should be doubled. The consumption of water should be limited if edema due to fluid retention is caused by diseases of the heart, liver or kidneys. Discuss all these problems with your doctor.
• The water retention caused by hormonal cycles in the body can be reduced by consuming vitamin B6 (20 mg per 30 cm of growth, divided into two doses), taken for breakfast and dinner.
• The homeopathic remedy Natrum muriaticum indilution 30, taken four times a day for five days, can help solve this problem. You can repeat this medication twice a month.
• You can also use medicinal herbs, such as bear ears and juniper, but they should be prescribed by a doctor specializing in the treatment of herbs, and not used arbitrarily.
• Violations caused by water retention in the body(such as the formation of cysts), can be a reflection of the mental or spiritual state of a person. The delay in water in the body is associated with depression or emotional tension. In this case, it is necessary to resist these emotions. Conversations with a doctor-psychotherapist can help in those cases when the cause of edema was not found, no physical diseases were found and there was no positive reaction to the naturopathic treatment recommended above.
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