Protein edema causes
Proteins are essential for the bodyhuman, as they are the material for building cells, organs, tissues, for the synthesis of hemoglobin, peptide hormones, enzymes. The basic regulatory and metabolic functions also depend on proteins.
Lack of protein in the body leads to disruptionfunctions of the small intestine, pancreas, liver, endocrine and nervous systems. In addition, with a deficiency of proteins, there is a violation of the exchange of vitamins and fats, hematopoiesis, the activity of endocrine glands, the assimilation of nutrients, changes in the hormonal background, the development of muscle atrophy, problems with the heart muscle appear, work efficiency decreases, memory deteriorates, and the body's resistance to various infections decreases.
Protein deficiency especially adversely affects the growing body: the body weight decreases, growth slows down, mental development is delayed, bone formation is disturbed.
Causes of development of protein deficiency
Protein deficiency, as a rule, arisesbecause of the qualitative or quantitative discrepancy between nutrition and age. For example, a child's nutrition primarily consists of products in which a low protein content or a protein has a low biological value.
Protein deficiency can develop inthe result of congenital disorders of intestinal absorption of proteins, amino acid metabolism, protein synthesis, increased protein loss in the urine. Often, protein deficiency occurs with severe burns, bleeding and infectious diseases.
Protein deficiency is often combined with a shortage ofmicroelements, vitamins and energy. In children this leads to a disease such as kwashiorkor. This disease is characterized by a violation of the child's development and dystrophic changes in tissues and organs.
In adults, protein deficiency arises from excessive craving for different diets or inattention to diet.
At the earliest stage in a sick childirritability or apathy, lethargy. In the future, hypotonia and muscular dystrophy, growth retardation, and a decrease in tissue turgor are noted. There are hidden, and then obvious swelling, masking the reduction in body weight. There is a hyperpigmentation of the skin, in places where the skin most rubs against clothing, layered peeling occurs. In addition, after desquamation or in the areas of the preceding darkening, depigmentation occurs, sometimes assuming a generalized form. Hair lose elasticity, thin, can become gray, red-orange or red with veins of color.
Often when kwashiorkor in children there are diarrhea,vomiting, anorexia, the liver is enlarged, signs of vitamin deficiency are observed. The immunity sharply decreases, because of what there are the infectious diseases proceeding in the heavy form. Violated the function of the central nervous system, in severe cases, it is possible to develop sopor and coma, which can result in a fatal outcome.
Adults to restore the required levelprotein in the body should establish their own food, which should be varied and balanced. You should introduce marine fish, eggs, meat, dairy products, as well as green fruits, vegetables, legumes and spinach into the diet.
Treatment of children with protein deficiency(kwashiorkor) is carried out in a hospital. In accordance with the age of the child, the nutrition is adjusted. The lack of protein is compensated by the introduction of dairy products, amino acids, protein en- bitas into the diet. Energy value of nutrition and protein content is increased gradually. In the diet of a child with protein deficiency, vegetable fats are preferred, since they are better absorbed than fats of animal origin. From the first days of treatment, enzyme preparations, vitamins A and B, preparations of iron, magnesium, and potassium are used. If there are complications provoked by a secondary infection, antibacterial drugs are prescribed. Also, the treatment of diseases that contributed to the development kwashiorkor. For several weeks after the beginning of treatment, the weight of the child may decrease due to a decrease in edema.