What is the laryngeal edema symptoms
Laryngeal edema is not independentdisease, and only one of the manifestations of many pathological processes. One of the frequent causes of the first are mechanical injuries of the larynx, for example, foreign bodies during surgical interventions (galvanic caustic), in children with prolonged bronchoscopy or burns of the larynx with hot food and solutions of caustic acids and alkalis. occurs after X-ray or radiotherapy of the neck. When the suppuration in the throat, okologlochechnom space, cervical spine, the root of the tongue, the lower pole of the palatine tonsil, soft tissues of the bottom of the mouth can also develop inflammatory laryngeal edema.
With inflammatory edema epiglottis patientscomplain of pain when swallowing, a feeling of pressure, a foreign body, sometimes a choking. In the case of a slight swelling in the arytenoid cartilage there is a sensation of tension or constriction of the larynx, and when spreading it to the pear-shaped fossa, sometimes painful pain occurs when swallowing.
With significant edema scoop-epiglottisfolds, with its development in the true vocal cords and in the subglottic space, the symptoms of laryngeal stenosis, which increase during sleep and when the patient is horizontal, can develop.
At the beginning of the development of inflammatory edemarecommend swallowing ice slices. At the same time, warming compresses, poultices on the neck or leeches can be prescribed. Sometimes it is advisable to make incisions on the swollen mucosa of the larynx. An autopsy of the causative foci of suppuration in the larynx or in adjacent organs can quickly eliminate the laryngeal edema. In case of threatening symptoms of suffocation, an autopsy should be preceded by a tracheotomy. The inhalation of oxygen sometimes has a beneficial effect on edema of the larynx.
With angioneuroticheskih edema injected subcutaneouslyatropine, intravenously 5-10 ml of a 10% solution of calcium chloride, produce a cervical novocain blockade. With the beginning of edema of the larynx, a good result is treated with diphenhydramine (0.025 grams from 2 to 4 times a day).
answer given 16.02.12 - 00:09