Allergic shock swelling in the quinta
Edema Quincke - Acute allergic edema of the skin, subcutaneousfiber and mucous membranes, which is also called giant urticaria and angioedema. This is an immediate reaction, it can occur to the administration of any allergen, for example, to a medicine, food, an insect bite, helminths and protozoa, blood diseases, etc.
Symptoms of Quincke's edema are difficult to confuse - the patientfeels the tension and tension of the skin in places where almost painless edema is formed. The skin thus does not change color, and after pressing on a place of an edema does not remain traces. In rare cases, the symptoms of Quincke's edema are not so pronounced, but the disease can affect the brain shell, joints or internal organs. As a rule, facial tissues, neck, back of the palm or feet are affected. Much more dangerous situation is when the swelling affects the larynx, trachea or pharynx, which happens with almost every fourth victim. From a shortness of breath and a feeling of anxiety, a patient may lose consciousness or even die.
First aid. It is necessary to isolate the victim from contact with the allergen, if known, and if this is possible. To relieve the condition, you need to release the patient from tight clothes, relax the belt and collar and ensure the flow of air, opening all the windows and doors. When providing first aid for Quinck's swelling, place the victim in a sitting or semi-sitting position. This will help to further facilitate breathing. Before the arrival of an ambulance with Quinck's swelling, you can put a cool towel on the affected area, make a foot hot bath, drip any vasoconstricting drops into the nose.
Anaphylactic shock Is an acute and extremely severe allergic reaction that develops as a result of repeated exposure to the body of an allergen.
Anaphylactic shock is manifested by a sharp decreasepressure, a violation of consciousness, symptoms of local allergic phenomena (skin edema, dermatitis, urticaria, bronchospasm, etc.) in severe cases, coma may develop.
First aid for anaphylactic shock
· Call an ambulance,
· If there is no breathing and palpitation - indirect cardiac massage and artificial respiration
· If the person is conscious, it is necessary to lay him on his side, unbuttoning all the clasps of clothing and belts, under his feet lay a pillow or anything to be raised
· Stop the receipt of an allergen (with an insect bite or administering a drug - a tourniquet on the limb, removing food from the mouth).
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