Problems like edema or
Just swelling or lymphedema. How to distinguish a dangerous disease?
Each of us I heard about varicose leg disease, and everyone knows thattreatment of this disease should proceed under the supervision of a physician. But it often happens that the problems with the legs are associated not only with the blood vessels, but with the lymphatic system. Sometimes it happens a simple swelling, and sometimes a disease called lymphedema.
Recall that lymphatic system works as a transport system of ouran organism that removes from it the products of the vital activity of the cells of our body. Lymphatic vessels collect the intercellular fluid, lift it upward of the body, where this fluid flows into the venous system.
Varicose veins and lymphedema different diseases, but they are interrelated. Sometimes people are diagnosed with "chronic lymphovenous insufficiency". This disease is more common in women.
The names of lymphedema several - lymphostasis, elephantiasis. It occurs gradually, leading to severe edema of the body. Lymphedema has several stages. At the initial stage in the evening on the legs there are swelling, which by morning pass. Further on the lower limbs may develop varicose veins. The next stage is when the swelling becomes persistent and does not disappear any more. Then on the legs may appear ulcers, eczema, dermatitis.
Lymphedema are acquired, as well as innate. They are congenital in the event that during the intrauterine development there was an incorrect formation of the lymphatic system, then the child immediately after birth begins strong swelling. Sometimes it happens that the congenital lymphedema manifests itself only during puberty, when hormonal changes take place in the human body. Sometimes lymphodema occurs already in adulthood, when changes occur in connective tissues.
Lymphedema a very complex disease, and it requires complex treatment.
Acquired lymphedema occurs more often. The cause of this disease often serve as skin diseases, oncological diseases, gynecological problems. Lymphedema can occur as a result of trauma, as well as a failed operation to remove varicose veins if a large lymphatic vessel is damaged. There are also additional factors, such as standing or sedentary work, a sedentary lifestyle, tight shoes, high heels.
Sometimes lymphedema can be confused with simple edema. Only a doctor can understand this. If the swelling on the legs does not pass by morning, the skin begins to change on the legs in places, it is most likely a lymphedema.
How to treat lymphedema. Medicines for lymphedema are rarely used. Here, different physiotherapy procedures are much more important.
Complex treatment lymphedema involves several procedures. First of all, it is manual lymph drainage massage. It also requires hardware lymphatic drainage - these are special presses that help reduce puffiness, improve lymph circulation. It is also necessary to actively apply bandage when the leg is wrapped tightly with bandages.
But efforts must proceed not only from the doctor, but also from the patient. If the patient is serious and really wants to achieve results, treatment is bound to be effective.
Manual foot massage is carried out as follows. For a start, the leg is massaged from the top down to expand the lymphocytes, and then from the bottom up to remove the swelling. Such a massage can be done by yourself.
Equipment lymph drainage occurs as follows: a special stocking is put on the patient's leg, which is attached to the device that pumps up the air, which unclamps and compresses the foot in order to remove the edema. After such a procedure, it is important to fix the leg by bandaging it.
There are also surgical methods of treatment lymphedema. However, conservative methods are still preferable. Operative intervention is carried out only as a last resort, if the lymphatic vessel is damaged.
It is impossible to completely cure lymphedema. It is very important not to run the disease, to control it.