Edema behind the ear and cheeks
Most people are very lighthearted aboutremoving the teeth, considering it a simple and non-hazardous procedure. In fact, this is a small surgical operation, which often leads to complications and side effects. If the cheek swells after extraction of the tooth, there is a noticeable pain and even a fever, this may be a sign of the onset of the inflammatory process and require a re-visit to the doctor.
In most cases, the main cause of swelling of the cheek is the destruction of the soft tissues around the tooth. It entails a traumatic edema of the gums and cheeks, and sometimes even the palate. With a complex removal, for example, wisdom tooth or retinirovannoe tissue damage is almost inevitable. In this case, the appearance of edema is not a complication and the patient's health and life are not dangerous.
Sometimes the cheek swells due to inflammation, which can be caused by a dentist's mistake or the patient's failure to follow the doctor's recommendations in the postoperative period. If the doctor did not follow all the rules of asepsis and antiseptics, poorly sanitized the focus of infection under the tooth or removed it incompletely, all this can provoke the development of inflammation.
Often swelling of the cheeks is a signallergic reaction to the used anesthetic. Sometimes patients develop alveolitis or inflammation of the socket. After extraction of the tooth, a special blood clot is formed in its place. If this clot is removed or if its suppuration occurs, the whole cheek swells.
Flow pattern of the alveolitis: 1 - unhealthy tooth is ready for removal. 2 - removal has passed with violation of the rules of asepsis and in the hole the process of infection began. 3 - development of the alveolitis
Sometimes, with edema after tooth extraction, hirudotherapy is recommended. Indeed, the leech, put by the ear from the side of the affected cheek, helps to noticeably improve the situation in a very short time.
If your face is swollen, this is not a reasonTo panic. In most cases, this does not threaten anything. But to visit the doctor does not hurt to determine whether the cause of edema was an extraneous object or a piece of tooth left in the gum.
When does the swelling of the cheek pose no threat?
Edema after tooth extraction does not threaten any complications, if:
- The swelling of the gums and cheeks appeared before the operation;
- Edema is small and does not increase with time;
- Removal was not easy and soft tissues were damaged (cuts were made). Such swelling usually passes through two days without treatment;
- Swelling is not accompanied by an increase in temperature;
- The cheek does not hurt or discomfort gradually decreases;
- The well is closed by a special dense blood clot;
- The smell from the mouth did not change and did not become unpleasant.
If your state of health is not disturbed, the pain is tolerable, and the edema gradually decreases or at least does not increase, then there is no reason to immediately run to the dentist. Most likely, in a few days everything will come back to normal.
When should I see a doctor?
In some cases, the appearance of edema indicates a serious malfunction in the body. It is necessary to see a doctor if:
- The cheek is swollen, but there are no pronouncedpain in the tooth. This often happens after pulpitis, if the doctor has not completely cleaned the channels. As the nerve no longer exists, there will be no severe pain, and the tumor will increase. This situation threatens the development of cysts.
- Edema is accompanied by difficulty breathing, shortness of breath - this happens with the development of a strong allergic reaction.
- Pain in the area of the hole does not subside or even intensifies.
- The fever rose and the state of health deteriorated markedly - this may indicate intoxication.
- The smell from his mouth became unpleasant, putrid.
- There was discomfort during the movement of the jaw, pain during swallowing.
- Edema appeared not immediately, but after about 3 days - this may indicate the development of the alveolitis.
Sometimes deterioration occurs veryslowly, so the patient does not notice it. If, with time, relief does not come, you need to analyze your state of health now and a few hours ago. At the slightest sign of impairment, you must try to get to the dentist as soon as possible.
Treatment of edema after tooth extraction
To go with an asymmetrical face do not want anyone,so when it appears edema it is very important to establish its cause and try to start treatment as early as possible. If the edema is physiological, then simple home methods will suffice. But in dangerous situations it is better not to try to self-medicate and trust the doctor.
What can I do by myself?
If there are no reasons for visiting the dentist, then to speed up the recovery, you can:
- Apply a cold compress to the cheek. You can use a wet cloth, a piece of ice or a bottle of water. Cold will help to get rid of pain and relieve inflammation.
- Make a soda-salt compress. To make it, you need to pour 1 tsp. soda and 0.5 tsp. salt glass of warm water. In the resulting solution, you must moisten the cotton wool and apply it to the gum for 15-20 minutes. After an hour the procedure is repeated.
- Sleep on a high pillow - it helps to drain excess fluid from the head and reduce edema.
- Apply anti-edema drugs that are sold without a prescription - for example, drops of "Lymphomyosot". Gels and ointments for external use with dental edema are not highly effective.
- If there is a suspicion that the nature of the swelling is allergic, then you can take any antihistamine drug - for example, Suprastin.
- Do not worry, because experiences contribute to increased pressure, which can provoke an increase in swelling.
How is the treatment in the clinic?
In the dental clinic, the doctor is primarilyanalyzes the general condition of the patient and examines the postoperative wound. This allows you to determine the cause of edema and choose the right treatment tactics.
- If the wound is dry, the hearth is sanitizedlesions, removal of necrotic tissues and pus. Then the wound is washed with an antiseptic - for example, dioxidine, furacilin or hydrogen peroxide and an antibiotic. Sometimes the doctor decides on the local use of proteolytic enzymes.
- If the cause of edema is a piece of tooth that remained in the gum, it is removed, and the wound is treated.
- If there is an abscess, the wound is drained with the help ofsilicone drainage tubes or rubber strips, and then prescribe medication. Most often it is recommended to take broad-spectrum antibiotics and non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs.
After this, the patient can go home and continue treatment on his own.
To avoid edema of the cheek and many other complications, it is important right after removal to listen to the advice of the doctor and follow all his recommendations.
- Immediately after the operation, the dentist pays fora small gauze pad that holds back the bleeding. At the time indicated by the doctor, it must be removed so that it does not become a hotbed of infection. But this must be done very carefully, since there is a risk of damage to the blood clot and its subsequent suppuration.
- After returning home it is recommended immediately, without waiting for the swelling of the cheeks, to apply a cool compress to it.
- The first 2 days can not be intensively rinsed by the mouth, so as not to accidentally wash the blood clot.
- 3 hours after surgery, you can not eat.
- The day after the removal is prohibited smoking and drinking alcohol.
- If the doctor recommended taking antibiotics, you can not interrupt the course and use alcohol during treatment.
- Do not touch the socket with your hands or any objects.
- It is forbidden to use warming compresses immediately after the operation.
- If the wisdom tooth was removed, physical labor is limited for some time.
Video: "Rules of oral care after tooth extraction"
In most cases, a slight swelling of the cheekafter extraction of the tooth is physiological and eventually passes without treatment. Accelerate this process helps to persistently follow all the advice of the dentist. If the edema produces a strong discomfort, the intensity of which increases over time, it is necessary to consult a doctor. He will be able to identify the cause of the problem and choose the best methods of treatment.