Edema of the tonsils on one side of the treatment
Widely open your mouth in front of the mirror. Do you see your tonsils? They are located on each side of the inside of the throat, behind the tongue.
A few years ago many young children removed tonsils. In fact, such surgery was the standard treatment for preventing tonsillitis - the inflammation of the tonsils caused by a viral or bacterial infection.
Today, it is believed that the tonsils perform function of filtering from harmful bacteria and viruses. which can cause even more serious infections. When tonsillitis occurs, the first way to cure it is antibiotics. Surgery is rarely required if tonsillitis does not appear again, or causes problems with breathing or swallowing.Tonsillitis is characterized by red, swollen tonsils. You can also find white areas on the inflamed tonsils. Other signs. which characterize tonsillitis:
- Exacerbated tonsillitis
- Appearance of pain when swallowing
- Fever and fever
- Enlarged glands (nodes of lymph) in the jaw and neck
- Loss of voice
When bacteria and viruses enter the body through the nose or mouth, the tonsils filter them, absorbing the main stimuli and processing and into white cells. This can cause infection in tonsils. which stimulates the immune system toform antibodies against future infections. But sometimes tonsils are destroyed by bacterial or viral infection. As a result, tonsillitis is formed.
Various viruses and bacteria can cause tonsillitis, including the virus that causes mononucleosis (the Epstein and Barr virus) and the bacteria that cause streptococcal throat inflammation (acute pharyngitis).
Tonsillitis is a very common disease, especially in children. Viruses and bacteria tend to develop when people are in direct contact. especially in kindergartens and schools.
When to seek medical advice?Although tonsillitis is not a serious disease, it can lead to complications if left untreated. You should consult your doctor if you have the following symptoms:
- Angina lasts more than 48 hours
- Angina is constantly deteriorating
- Angina is accompanied by other signs and symptoms
- Drip constantly (this applies to children)
- It is impossible to eat and drink because of severe pain
- There are problems with breathing
Scan and diagnosis
The doctor will check the tonsils and the back of the throatto identify signs of infection. If the tonsils are infected, plus there are other signs and symptoms of acute pharyngitis, test throat. To do this, the doctor will take a sample of the epithelium from the back of the throat with a cotton swab. It does not hurt, but it can be a bit uncomfortable.
The sample will be checked in the laboratory on the maintenance of streptococcal bacteria. Laboratory studies will take just a few minutes. If the streptococcal test shows that you have tonsillitis, the doctor will prescribe antibiotics to you to get rid of the infection.
Untreated tonsillitis can lead to formation and accumulation of pus between tonsils and soft tissues around them. This is called an abscess. The abscess can cover most of the soft area of the posterior palate. Sometimes the tumor can be so serious that the sky and tongue touch, blocking the flow of air and making it difficult not only to swallow, but also to breathe. Very rarely abscess spreads in the neck and other organs.
Some streptococcal bacteria that cause tonsillitis can also cause renal inflammation (nephrite) or rheumatism. a condition in which the heart, ligaments, nervous system and skin are affected.
Tonsillitis is usually treated simple self-care or antibiotics. Although surgery is not a standard treatment, but in some cases, doctors can recommend it.
If tonsillitis is caused by a viral infection, then you need to control the virus. Recovery may take a week or two. At this time, you must relax. It is necessary drink warm soothing liquids. for example, broth, tea, hot chocolate, withthis gargle with warm water and salt. If you are treated with analgesics, you need to consult a doctor when choosing them, since it depends on the cause of the disease which type of medication you need to take. Do not give analgesics to children under 12 years old.
If tonsillitis is caused by a bacterial infection, your doctor will prescribe antibiotics. Antibiotics in the form of tablets should be taken, for at least 10 days. Even if you feel betterin a day or two, it is important to drink a full course of antibiotics. Premature stopping of treatment can provoke the return of infection, which in the future will lead to potentially serious complications.
If your child has a streptococcal test positive, then he needs to pass at least 24-hour course of antibiotics before returning to school or kindergarten. If the child has trouble swallowing, then antibiotics can be injected.Surgical removal of tonsils rarely required for adults. Children can be recommended surgical intervention if:
- Your child has at least 7 times a year with tonsillitis
- Swollen tonsils interfere with breathing or swallowing a child
- In the tonsils develops abscess
The removal of tonsils is usually done on an outpatient basis. This means that the child will be able to go home the day after the operation. But a full recovery can take up to two weeks.
After surgery, the child's throat will be inflamed. It can also form an ear tumor. During this period after surgery, allow the child as much as possible eat ice cream, suck ice cubes and drinkcold drinks. During recovery, keep in mind that the child becomes more susceptible to infection than usual. Avoid crowding people and close contacts with patients. If the child starts to bleed his mouth, immediately inform the doctor about it.
The easiest way to prevent all kinds of infections, including tonsillitis, is frequent washing hands. Teach children to wash their hands from childhood!When you wash your hands:
- Be sure to put soap on your hands.
- Wash for at least 15 seconds.
- Thoroughly rinse the entire surface of the hands, that is between the fingers, wrists, if possible, wash your hands to the elbow.
- Thoroughly rinse your hands after using soap, especially liquid soap.
- Wipe hands with a clean towel.
- Use the towel to turn off the tap.
If soap and water are not available to you, then use special wet wipes on alcohol basis. or a special liquid that is simply applied to the hands and rubbed, while providing a disinfectant effect.
Concerning other precautions you can advise sneezing in a sleeve or handkerchief. Do not use the same dish with a person who sneezes or is simply sick. Also, avoid close contact with infected people.With angina, you can follow some of these tips to mitigate the course of its course.
- Drink more fluids. It should be tea, soup, broth, hot chocolate, etc.
- Rinse your throat with warm water and salt. Stir in 1/2 teaspoon of salt in a glass of warm water, and use to rinse.
- Eat honey and lemon. Stir the honey in a glass of hot water, squeezethere is a lemon. Cool the solution at room temperature, then drink. Honey covers and soothes the throat, and the lemon helps to reduce the amount of mucus. Bear in mind that honey is an allergen, so do not give it to children for up to a year.
- Suck hard cough drops. This stimulates the formation of saliva, which envelops and clears the throat.
- Moisturize the air. Try to moisten the air especially in thatThe room in which you sleep, it will facilitate breathing. When using electric humidifiers, change the water every two days so that the water does not accumulate there, filled with bacteria, which in turn can cause an additional exacerbation of the disease.
- Avoid smoke and other air pollutants. When the smoke is inhaled, the sore throat is exacerbated.
- Do not strain your voice. Constant conversations, the tension of the vocal cords and strong cries lead to a temporary loss of voice (laryngitis).
Also try to think about the people around you. If you feel bad, take a day off and be cured at the initial stage. Do not infect your colleagues.