Edema after removal of atheroma on the head
Atheroma is benignThe neoplasm, the appearance of which is caused by the blockage of the duct of the sebaceous gland. Cork, formed in the duct, prevents the secretion of the secretion of the sebaceous gland outside and the sebum begins to accumulate under the skin.
Atheroma can appear on any part of the body, butmost often it appears on the face, on the scalp, on the back, on the skin of the genitals, under the armpits. Atheroma is present in 5-10% of people. Women are more likely to appear atheroma than men.
The reasons for the appearance of the athere are not fully understood. Predisposing to the emergence of these new growth factors are hormonal disorders, increased sweating, frequent skin trauma and even genetic predisposition.
Atheromas never pass by themselves. If the atheroma does not disturb and does not spoil the appearance of a person, it can not be deleted. Ointments with antibiotics and folk methods of treatment in the case of atheroma are not effective.
Atheroma has the appearance of a tumor-like formation withclear contours. With suppuration of the atheroma, the body temperature rises, pain, redness and swelling appear. If the atheroma breaks out, it separates the salo-like contents from the pus, and in its place an ulcer is formed.
At first, the atheroma has the appearance of a small sphericaleducation. Over time, it grows and overgrown with a dense connective capsule, growing under the skin in the form of a dense spherical tumor. Atheroma can remain for many years small or rapidly increase to the size of a chicken egg and more.
From other neoplasms, atheroma can be distinguishedby the presence of a black dot on it - a blocked sebaceous duct. Atheroma can communicate with the surface of the skin through a small aperture, with a yellowish curdled discharge that periodically has an unpleasant odor.
If atheroma is revealed independently,Remove from the skin its contents with a fleece and contact a dermatologist or surgeon. The doctor must remove the remains of the atheroma and its capsule, and treat the wound so that it does not get stung.
Malignant process begins in atheromasit is rare: cancer cells begin to grow in the atherome (this occurs mainly in older people). Urgent to see a doctor you need in the event that the atheroma began to grow rapidly, bleed or itch. It is better to consult a doctor and remove atheroma as soon as it appeared, because in addition to the risk of the onset of a malignant process, bacterial infection may attach.
From the lipoma of atheroma is characterized by the fact that its content is sebum (and pus with infection), while the contents of the lipoma are actively multiplying fat cells.
Surgical intervention for the removal of atheroma is carried out under local anesthesia (novocaine or lidocaine) and takes about 15-25 minutes, after which the patient goes home.
If a purulent process has begun in atheroma, then itsimmediately open and clean the contents of the capsule, and then remove the capsule itself. If the inflammatory process is not associated with infection of the atheroma, it is recommended to wait until it stops, and only then to remove the tumor.
Opening of an atheroma can not be done independently: Atheroma should be removed only with its capsule. Removal of atheroma surgically is performed as follows: the skin above the atheroma is carefully dissected, trying not to damage the capsule of the atheroma, then they exfoliate the cyst along with its capsule, pressing the edges of the wound with fingers.
Often a person goes to a hospitalThe case when the atheroma gains a giant size. In this case, the operation for the removal of atheromas is slightly different: on the skin over the tumor, two bordering incisions are made, through the incision under the atheroma special curved scissors are introduced, with the help of which the atheroma is recovered. After removal of atheroma, absorbable sutures are superimposed on the subcutaneous tissue, and vertical seams are applied to the skin with the help of an atraumatic thread, which are removed after 1-2 weeks.
Contraindication to surgical treatment of atheroma is reduced blood clotting, critical days or pregnancy in women, as well as diabetes mellitus.
The effective methods of ather removal are laser and radio wave methods.
These methods have only one drawback: they are applied only if the growth is small.
When removing atheroma by the laser method on the skina small incision is made where the LED is inserted, and the atheroma is evaporated by means of a laser. Atheroma after surgery performed with a laser does not recur. An additional advantage of this method is the lack of the need to shave the hair if the atheroma is on the scalp.
A minimally invasive method of atter removal isapplication of high-frequency radio waves. Radio waves only act on the contents of the cyst, not touching healthy tissue. Postoperative scars after applying the radio wave method on the skin does not remain.
After removal of the atheroma and stitches, a bandage is applied to the wound to prevent rubbing of the wound against clothing. Bandages after removal of an atheroma on a head usually are not done.
At operation not always it is possible to completely removecapsule, which subsequently leads to a recurrence of atheroma. The edema after removal of an atheroma passes in some days. To get it off faster, you need to regularly treat the wound with antiseptics.
After surgical intervention onthe place of atheroma can remain densified. Condensation after removal of an atheroma can be a consequence of scar formation, postoperative infiltration or granuloma. If a seal appears, consult a physician for diagnosis.