How to treat an udder edema in a goat
Record created: 11/10/2014 00:00:42
Inflammation of the udder (mastitis) often occurs incows, goats and sheep in the first months after calving. It occurs when the rules of machine and manual milking, unsatisfactory conditions of keeping and feeding animals, under which penetration and reproduction of microbes in the mammary gland are possible. Microbes can be a direct cause of mastitis or complicate the course of the developing inflammatory process with a decrease in udder tissue resistance and a decrease in the activity of the protective factors of milk.
In the udder, microbes often penetrate through the teatcanal, wounds of the mammary gland and nipples, and less frequently by blood from other organs during their inflammation, especially from the intestine and uterus. Inflammation of the udder can occur during the period of starting and dead. After calving, they often appear as complications of secretly occuring (subclinical) mastitis during the period of deadness or as a result of intoxication with gastrointestinal diseases, udder edema and other postpartum diseases, as well as in infectious diseases (tuberculosis, brucellosis, foot and mouth disease, smallpox, actinomycosis, ).
Depending on the course of the disease and other signs, there are various forms of mastitis.
It is characterized by inflammation of the subcutaneousinterlobular connective tissue of the udder. The disease is more often observed after childbirth with inflammation of the uterus. It can appear in the presence of wounds, cracks and abrasions on the skin of the nipples and udders, violation of the rules of milking.
The affected parts of the udder are enlarged, hot,dense and painful. Their skin is tense and reddened. The yield of the diseased shares is reduced. The quality of milk in the beginning of the disease usually does not change, and later it can be liquid, with flakes and clots.
This damage to the mucous membranes of the cistern,milk ducts, ducts and alveoli of one or less than a few parts of the udder. Inflammation usually occurs when a violation of the milking regime, both machine and manual, when penetrating the udder of microbes through the teat canal.
The allocation of milk decreases, it becomesWatery, with clots and flakes. The affected parts are compact, hot and painful. In sick animals, body temperature may increase, weakness and a decrease in appetite are observed.
Severe form of inflammation of the udder, accompanied by the deposition of fibrin in the affected lobes and secretion of it with milk in the form of clots.
The disease occurs as a result of penetrationin the udder of pathogens from the floor through the nipples or from the uterus and intestines when they are inflamed. It can be an independent disease and arise as a result of complications of catarrhal mastitis.
Fibrinous mastitis develops rapidly and proceedsin severe form. The general condition of the animal is depressed, the body temperature reaches 41 °, there is a muscular tremor, especially in the pelvic region. Almost always cows refuse to feed and drink, with difficulty get up. The affected quarter of the udder is enlarged, a few drops of a yellowish liquid with clots are hardly emitted from it. The udder is very painful, its tissue is dense and hot.
Is a complication of catarrhal inflammationudder. The causative agents of inflammation are pathogenic pyogenic microbes that enter the udder through the teat canal. This is facilitated by the unsanitary maintenance of animals, the presence of purulent inflammatory processes of the genital tract and purulent wounds.
There is purulent-catarrhal mastitis depressedstate of the animal. His body temperature is increased, there is no appetite. The affected part of the udder is enlarged, hot and painful, the skin is reddish. Milk from the sick quarter of the udder is highlighted with difficulty, it is watery and contains flocculent bunches.
It often develops as a complicationpurulent-catarrhal inflammation, and sometimes occurs as a result of injuries and bruises. First, small abscesses appear in the udder, merging, forming abscesses, sometimes reaching the size of a large egg.
State of the animal is depressed, body temperatureincreased, no appetite. There is a limp on the hind limb, adjacent to the affected area of the udder. Milk with flakes and clots of pus, watery, in small quantities.
Characterized by diffuse purulent orpurulent-hemorrhagic inflammation of the subcutaneous tissue. It occurs as a complication of the udder abscess or serous inflammation, with mechanical damage to the skin and udder tissue with penetration of putrefactive microorganisms.
The affected portion of the udder is enlarged, firm, verypainful, skin hot. In some areas of the udder abscesses are found. The body temperature is raised, the animal is depressed, the pulse and breathing are quickened. The yield decreases sharply, milk is liquid, gray, with flakes.
In addition to the described forms of mastitis, animals can have hemorrhagic udder inflammation and specific mastitis (tuberculosis, brucellosis, actinomycosis, etc.).
Should be timely. The sick animal is kept in a clean and bright room, it is provided with peace. Reduce the feeding of juicy feed and concentrates. The udders of the cow are kept clean and surrendered every 2-3 hours. Carry out a massage of the udder for 10-15min. With serous mastitis massage is done from the bottom up, with catarrhal - from top to bottom to the nipples. Effectively rub in the skin of the affected part of the udder ichthyol, camphor, iodine ointment. When compressing the udder, warming dressings, warmers and poultices are used.
Currently, in the treatment of mastitisvetspetsialists widely use antibiotics, sulfanilamide preparations, anti-mastitis emulsions and suspensions, such as mastisan (A, B and E series), masticide, mastic, penetration, etc. Anti-mastitis emulsions and suspensions heated to 35-38 ° are injected through the teat canal to the affected part of the udder with a syringe of 8-10 ml 1 or 2 times a day. In severe cases, the dose of the drug is doubled. In most cases, mastitis in farm animals is treated by veterinarians.