Small cerebral edema in newborns

Cerebral edema in newborns, this is one of the very serious complications of many diseases of the central nervous system (CNS).

With edema of the brain in newbornsthe volume of all intracranial structures increases, which can lead to the dislocation of various components of the brain. Unfortunately, brain edema is often more dangerous than the condition that led to its appearance (for example, a thrombus or swelling). This swelling results in a sudden increase in intracranial pressure, which is also a dangerous condition, especially for newborn babies.

Cerebral edema in newborns - causes

It complicates the course of such diseases as:

Cerebral edema in newborns - treatment

It is important to know that cerebral edema in the newborn is an urgent condition that requires urgent medical attention, because the sooner treatment begins, the more chances for a successful outcome.

Symptoms of cerebral edema in newborns

  • excited state;
  • piercing, non-stop crying;
  • swelling of the fontanelle;
  • vomiting;
  • heat;
  • convulsions.

Treatment of cerebral edema in newborns should be based on the elimination of the cause, the dehydration of intracranial structures and the reduction to normal intracranial pressure.

For this, several groups of drugs are used.

Since most often the cause of cerebral edema is infectious diseases (meningitis, encephalitis), an adequate dose of a wide-spectrum antibiotic is recommended.

Also, osmotic diuretics are used according to the type of manitol, the action of which begins from the first minutes after the administration of the drug.

Another important group of drugs for the treatment of brain edema in newborns is corticosteroids.

Edema of the brain in newborns - consequences

As we noted above, cerebral edema isa very serious complication, which entails no less serious consequences, including coma and death. With the right approach and rapid intervention, the consequences may be completely absent. Be watchful and watch your baby!