Edema with a knee injury
A knee injury is a damage to surrounding soft tissues that is caused by trauma. There are several types of knee injury:
- without fracture;
- with a fracture of the bones located inside the joint;
- without dislocation;
- with a dislocation of the joint.
A bruise can be complete, when all joints are damaged, and partial, when the damage affects not all parts of the joint. What can be damaged with a partial injury?
1. ligaments of the knee, including intra-stems;
2. cartilage of the knee joint;
3. muscles surrounding the joint;
4. tendon of the periarticular muscles.
A bruise can not occur without anytraumatic factor. In most cases, injury is domestic or as a result of playing sports, when a person falls on his knee. The bruise is caused less often by strokes and the action of compressive forces in the region of the knee joint. This can happen, for example, during an automobile accident. Nevertheless, it is not important, for what reason the bruise occurred, it is important - as soon as possible to begin treatment.
ICD 10 classifies knee joint injury to the 9th class, to a group of diseases caused by external causes.
Bruising is one of the most commoninjuries of the knee joint. It can occur in both children and adults. Unfortunately, not everyone knows how serious the consequences might be, it would seem, a simple bruise. And at a certain age, this trauma can even become life-threatening, especially if there are any complications.
In some cases, if the injury was notis cured, a person loses the ability to walk normally because of severe pain in the knee joint area. Osteoarthritis often begins to develop after a knee injury, including a bruise. Therefore, do not think that the bruise will go away by itself, you need to start treatment. After all, the bruise is easier to cure than arthrosis of the knee of the 2nd degree (when there are obvious signs of arthrosis). The treatment of this injury-induced disease includes: a diet for arthrosis of the knee joint. numerous medicines and physiotherapy. You have to completely change your lifestyle. Therefore, it is better to cure a bruise and continue to live a full life.
Unfortunately, a bruise, like any other trauma, can not be foreseen, therefore prevention (except muscle strengthening and proper nutrition, strengthening joints) does not exist.
There is an opinion that the treatment of a bruise is very simple anddoes not require a doctor. Alas, this is completely wrong, since damage can be caused for very different reasons. The diagnosis of "knee joint injury" is placed only when other traumas that carry a very serious nature are excluded.
To accurately diagnose and, accordingly,appoint a suitable treatment, apply a set of different methods: ask the patient about the consequences of the injury (swelling, pain, swelling, etc.), make a radiography that shows the most reliable result. It is not recommended to palpate the area of the affected knee joint, as touching can be accompanied by very severe pain.
A knee injury can occur in anyage, including children, as they are constantly on the move. In most cases, a bruise is preceded by a fall on the knee or a blow to something. Sometimes even the most unpretentious jogging can provoke an injury to the knee joint.
The main symptom of a bruise is a sharp pain inthe area of the knee joint, more specifically, at the site of injury. Some patients report almost unbearable pain. In a traumatized place, skin color changes, swelling and swelling occur. This is due to hemarthrosis, that is, with bleeding inside the joint. If the treatment is not started on time, the patient may even lose consciousness.
First aid with a knee injury
To minimize the impact of the injury, it is important to provide first aid before going to a hospital or a trauma center. What should be done?
- As far as possible, protect the damaged joint.
- Completely eliminate the burden on the injured leg.
- Apply ice to remove swelling, swelling, reduce pain and slow hemorrhage in the cavity of the knee joint.
To stop bleeding is extremely important, because the hematoma formed as a result of hemarthrosis compresses the endings of nerves and intensifies painful sensations.
If a bruise has occurred on the street and to remove swelling, pain and swelling is nothing, you need to urgently call an ambulance. What should I do until the doctor arrives?
- Sit on a bench and lift an injured leg. This is necessary in order to reduce the flow of blood to the injured knee.
- To reduce pain, swelling and swelling, you can apply to a damaged knee, for example, a bottle with a cooled drink.
Remember that for the most effective treatment andin order to avoid complications, it is necessary to begin treatment as soon as possible. If you have received a knee joint injury, postpone your affairs and postpone appointments, first of all you need to take care of your health.
How to treat a knee injury?
Any knee injury requires careful treatment anda special approach, and a bruise is no exception. After all, it is accompanied not only by the pain syndrome, but also by edema, bleeding and swelling of the periarticular tissues. With severe pain, the doctor removes it with the help of special medications. Preparations for the treatment of knee inflammation with bruises are most often NSAIDs, that is, they belong to the group of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs. Often used also special ointments, which help to reduce hematoma. But such treatment should be coordinated with the doctor in order to avoid side effects.
With such a knee injury, as a bruise,It is necessary to reduce pain, to remove the swelling of surrounding tissues, so that the tumor does not interfere with the patient. Therefore, it is important to remove the accumulated blood from the joint cavity. Typically, bleeding is eliminated with a puncture, sucking the syringe blood from the joint cavity. After a puncture, a fixative bandage is placed on the knee joint area, limiting the movements and warming the damaged area. Thanks to the bandage, swelling of the tissues and swelling practically do not occur.
After injury it is important to protect the damagedjoint, to limit the motor activity, so that it will return to normal. As a rule, the recovery after an injury of the knee joint takes an average of 2-3 weeks. During rehabilitation, a physician can prescribe a physiotherapy that will speed recovery.
With severe bruises, when not only swelling of the tissues and edema, but also the rupture of ligaments, urgent surgical treatment is prescribed. In such cases, rehabilitation is much longer and more difficult.
Information on the site is provided solely for informational purposes, does not pretend to referral and medical accuracy, is not a guide to action.
In no case do not self-medicate. Consult your doctor!