Swelling in the ear causes
Author admin | 05/18/2015
What to do if there is an outsider in the earsound: knock, ringing, noise? I remember when I was a child, when there was a ringing in my ear, I was asked by someone close to me: "In which ear is ringing?" Well, that's to guess. The ringing ended quickly and was forgotten. But it's in childhood.
If you have not encountered such a nuisance, thenyou are lucky. It would seem that such "nonsense" can bring a person to a nervous breakdown. And it is not "nonsense" at all. The causes of knocking in the ear can be different and sometimes even dangerous. Noise in the ear, in medicine it is called tinnitus - this is not a disease, but one of the symptoms of diseases of the inner and middle ear, cardiovascular pathology and some other reasons.
Causes of a knock in the ear
Diseases of the middle and inner ear
The most harmless cause may be a sulfur plug - accumulation of earwax and occlusion of the ear canal.
Otitis - an inflammatory disease of the middle ear
Eustachitis (tubo-otitis) inflammation in the eustachian tube and tympanum
In inflammatory processes, there may be a disruption in the activity of auditory cells, which lead to a distortion of incoming signals. And the patient feels noise, ringing and ripple.
With these problems, the release of the ear canal from accumulated sulfur or the treatment of an inflammatory disease can be a way of getting rid of extraneous noise in the ears.
Most often, a knock in the ears appears in the elderly. And for this age category, cardiovascular pathology is the most common cause of noise.
Atherosclerotic vascular changes(cholesterol plaques and loss of elasticity) lead to the fact that blood can not circulate freely through the narrowed blood vessels, and because of a breach of elasticity, the contraction of the vessels does not begin to coincide with the rhythm of the heart. It is precisely with atherosclerosis that the pulsation from the general rhythm becomes audible. With this cardiovascular pathology, a knocking in the ear occurs or increases in the prone position. When walking, pulsation most often gradually disappears.
Hypertension and hypotension. At the given infringements because of excessive or insufficient pressure the tonus of vessels, including capillaries of an internal ear changes. And a person has a sensation of hearing the movement of blood through the blood vessels. Pulsation in the ear in hypertensive patients is a very common symptom.
Anatomical defects of vessels located near the cells of the inner ear can cause noise in the ears.
Malformation and aneurysm are also the causes of noise in the ears.
Arteriovenous malformation is a pathological connection between veins and arteries in the brain, most often it is a congenital disease.
An aneurysm of cerebral vessels is an expansion of the site of the vessel due to a congenital or acquired defect of the vascular wall.
These diseases are very serious, so you can not ignore the knocking in your ears. A terrible complication may be rupture of the vessel wall and hemorrhage.
With atherosclerosis, pulsation in the ear often does not coincide with the heart rhythm, for all other cardiovascular pathologies, a knock in the ears coincides with the pulse.
An emerging tumor in the brain or spinal cord,In the region of the neck or ear, as it grows, it squeezes nearby tissues (including blood vessels and nerve endings), which causes the appearance of extraneous sounds in the ears. In tumors, noise usually appears on the affected side of the tumor. Only with the defeat of the cervical region (which happens rarely) a knock occurs on both sides.
In cases of craniocerebral trauma or ear trauma, noise in the ears may be caused by circulatory disturbances, compression of tissues, edema, etc., but these disorders are temporary.
The reasons for the knock can be:
Myoclonia - the sudden appearance of a twitch of a muscle group in the ear, convulsions, spasms, too, can cause a knock in the ear.
Sometimes ripple occurs during pregnancy. This is due to the violation of water-salt metabolism and edema of tissues.
Disturbances in the thyroid gland.
Anemia and lack of vitally important vitamins in the body
Uncontrolled use of certain drugs (aspirin) can cause damage to the cells of the inner ear, and this leads to a distortion of incoming signals.
If you have a knock in your ear, what should you do?
If the knock in the ear does not go away for a short time, then you should always consult a doctor. Yes, we must admit that you will not be able to tolerate extraneous noises for a long time - they create a strong discomfort.
Start with an otolaryngologist. In the absence of pathology on the part of the hearing organ, the doctor will most likely direct you to the neurologist. It is very important to diagnose the disorder correctly, since you can get rid of noise in the ears only by eliminating the cause of its occurrence.
When there is noise due to cardiovascularpathologies prescribe drugs that improve blood flow to the brain and metabolic processes in it, vasodilator drugs, sedative pills and antidepressants. It is recommended to eat well, with a predominance of low-fat foods in the diet, exclusion of sweets and moderate exercise.
In other cases, anti-histamines and anticonvulsants, methods of physiotherapy, laser, pneumomassage are used to eliminate noise. Sometimes surgical intervention is required.
The causes of noise in the ears are many and notthey can always be detected, especially when the auditory cells are damaged. Diagnosis can last for several months, and you need to somehow be tuned to live in such discomfort. And it is not always possible to eliminate noise completely. However, it is possible to alleviate the condition of the patient. Therefore, if you have discomfort in your ear, do not delay the trip to the doctor.
Prevention of tinnitus
Despite the many causes of noise in the earthe most frequent are inflammatory diseases of the organ of hearing and atherosclerosis of cerebral vessels. Therefore, preventive measures should be aimed at fighting for vascular health and timely treatment of infectious diseases that cause inflammation of the ear.
Protect your ears from sharp and loud prolongedsounds. If you work in noisy production, then use a protective headphone. Let's rest our ears. Listen to the silence, the murmur of the stream and the rustle of the leaves.
Use less salt, as the salt delays water and causes swelling of the tissues.
Avoid smoking, do not abuse caffeine containing drinks, take care of the nervous system.
If you are interested or you have not received answers to all questions, listen to the opinion of doctors
The author of the site about a healthy lifestyle "Save yourself" Lyudmila