Nutrition with angioneurotic edema
Quincke's edema is a consequence of an allergica disease that occurs in an acute form and is manifested by a large enough edema of fatty tissue, skin and mucous membranes of various systems and organs. In what cases does angioedema occur, who is at risk and how to prevent this ailment? Read about this in this article.
Edema Quincke or angioedema was first described by the German physician Heinrich Quincke. This happened in 1882.
In most cases, angioedema occurs on the face, extremities, or on the neck. Much less often it develops on the joints, internal organs or on the shell of the brain.
Who is at risk?
In the risk group of this disease arepeople who have severe allergic reactions. In theory, angioedema can develop in any person, but most often it is observed in people prone to allergies. In addition, it should be noted that the likelihood of developing the disease in children and women is higher than that of men.
Causes of Quincke Edema
Specialists distinguish several varieties of angioneurotic edema: allergic and pseudoallergic.
Quincke's allergic edema is the answer tostrong allergic reactions that occur when a person gets an allergen. As a rule, angioedema occurs with food allergies, hay fever, hives, bronchial asthma.
Pseudoallergic Quincke edema, that is edemanon-allergic origin, appears with "bad" heredity. Due to genetic disorders, there are "breakages" in the complement system, a group of proteins involved in the processes of immune response. In healthy people, complement proteins begin to become more active only when foreign antigens are introduced into the human body. With the pseudoallergic edema of Quincke, complement proteins are activated independently of the action of external stimuli, spontaneously. In addition, angioedema can provoke chemical irritants or temperature changes.
The most prominent signs of the disease are edemaface, neck, palms and feet. In the area of the appearance of the edema, the skin usually turns pale, itching occurs. Quincke's swelling most often disappears a few hours or days after the onset.
The most dangerous forms of angioedemaedema is the swelling of the trachea, larynx or pharynx. They are dangerous because they can block airways. Unfortunately, this form of Quincke's edema is not uncommon, it is observed in approximately 25% of angioedema cases. If the Quincke's edema affects the internal organs, the disease manifests itself in abdominal pain, vomiting and diarrhea.
Diagnosis is based on a clinical picture. The doctor checks the reaction of the edema to the injection of adrenaline into the body, sometimes appoints an allergological test. It is necessary in order to establish the allergen, which causes such consequences.
If a person appears at least the slightestsuspicion of the appearance of edema Quincke, he must immediately call an ambulance. It is impossible to waste time, as Quincke's edema develops very quickly, the situation often worsens in short periods of time.
With angioneurotic edema, there is always the possibility of affecting the respiratory tract, so that the patient may die due to suffocation.
Anti-allergenic preparations help to remove swelling. And with edema of the larynx, hospitalization is required, in some cases - resuscitation.
However, the best way to fight the swelling of Quinckeis its prevention. To do this, avoid contact with allergens. And those who have swelling already observed, it is always to have a card with the indication of the causative allergen.