What to drink when swelling a quinta
author: Master | | 26-02-2013, 19:16 | Profile Views:
Quincke Edema is an acute allergic reactionorganism. You can also find other names for this disease - angioedema or giant urticaria. For the first time it was described by the German doctor-therapist Heinrich Quinke in 1882, hence the name of the disease. Most often it affects children.
The cause of edema of Quincke in children is the ingestionallergen into the body. In this case, a large amount of the hormone histamine is injected into the blood, which leads to edema. In most cases, Quincke's edema in children causes medication and vitamins (more often group B and iodine-containing). Another reason may be the use of smoked sausage, hard cheese and products containing dyes and preservatives. Chocolate, peanuts, seafood, sauerkraut, fish, citrus fruits, strawberries, overripe fruit and carbonated drinks can also provoke a reaction. The number of complaints on the swelling of Quincke increases during the celebration of birthdays, when children eat many different "delicacies." In some cases, the reaction can manifest itself on pollen of plants, stings of bees, wasps and other insects. Household chemicals can also provoke allergic reactions.
What are the symptoms of Quincke's edema
They are characterized by a rapid manifestationallergic reaction. This is a serious danger that can be a threat to the child's life. After the ingestion of the allergen in a few minutes, the lips, tongue, neck, eyelids, cheeks, hands, feet, fingers swell. In many cases, the swelling of Quincke is preceded by urticaria. In some cases, nausea, diarrhea, vomiting, headache may occur. In 30% of cases, laryngeal edema occurs - shortness of breath, coughing, shortness of breath, color becomes cyanotic, then turns pale. There is a threat of suffocation. In such cases, you must urgently call an ambulance or take the child to the hospital.
The first help in swelling of Quincke in children
Before the arrival of doctors, the firsthelp the child - give him an antihistamine drug (diphenhydramine, alfadryl, suprastin, etc.), provide access to fresh air, drink water. It is necessary to calm the child, because the anxiety of parents can worsen his condition. You can put a cool bandage on a swollen patch. If there was a bite of an insect, then it is necessary to apply a tourniquet above the affected area and a cold bandage to the site of the bite. It is difficult to cope with edema on its own, as it requires the use of strong medications. The doctor must tell you what the child was eating or what medication he was taking.
Quincke's edema in children can last from several hours to three days. On the affected area, itching or pain may occur. In difficult cases, children need inpatient care.
After removing the acute reaction, it is necessary to deduceallergens from a child's body. Shows abundant water at room temperature, sorbents (activated carbon, enterosgel). At home or while traveling on vacation in the medicine cabinet, you should always have an antihistamine. It is also desirable that the child wear a so-called "passport", in which there is an indication of the disease and the methods of first aid.
Diet for swelling of the quincke in children
Particular attention should be paid to hypoallergenicdiet. In severe cases, it is necessary to limit the amount of food as much as possible, to make cleansing enemas and drink plenty of water. Then gradually it is possible to expand a diet to the child and to enter additional products. In the dish you need to put less salt. First cook boiled potatoes, after 2 days - carrots, then - sour-milk products, bread, meat, fish. Dishes cook in water or in a double boiler. Exclude fried, smoked, spicy, salted, canned, fatty. You can give cereals to children (except manna), sour-milk products, lean meat, vegetables (cabbage, zucchini, peas, beans, pumpkin, greens), fruits (apples, pears, gooseberries, currants), corn tortillas, stale wheat bread. The list of permitted and prohibited products is usually given by an allergist.
When the condition of a child who has undergone angioedema,will improve, then we must try to identify the cause of the reaction. Give a little product that, in your opinion, could cause an allergy. In this case, monitor the condition of the skin. If your assumption is true, usually the child develops a urticaria. In the future, this product should be excluded from the children's menu. In addition, the child should hold an explanatory conversation that you can not eat outside the house.
If the Quincke's edema occurred in the child at least onetime, it is necessary to consult with an allergist. The doctor will help to identify the cause of such a reaction and prescribe a treatment. In the future, it is necessary to avoid contact with the allergen. Although doctors note that in some cases it is impossible to identify the cause of an allergic reaction.
It should be noted that there are cases of edema in childrennon-allergic nature. They flow in about the same way as Quincke's edema, but are caused by diseases of the gastrointestinal tract, parasites. In this case, we must treat the concomitant disease. And, of course, strengthen the immunity of children.
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