Triamterene with edema of the brain

The principle of the action of diuretics, having a direct effect on the function of the epithelium of the renal tubules:

Primarily, the reabsorption of water is disturbed in the renal tubules.

Primarily, the reabsorption of ions and then the reabsorption of water are disturbed in the renal tubules.

The main localization of the action of furosemide:

$ Thick segment of the ascending part of the loop of Henle.

The initial department of the distal tubules.

The end section of the distal tubules.

Against the background of the action of furosemide, kidney excretion increases:

It increases the osmotic pressure of the blood plasma.

Lowers blood glucose levels.

Reduces diuresis in diabetes insipidus.

Increases filtration in the renal glomeruli.

$ Violates the reabsorption of sodium and chlorine ions in the initial section of the distal tubules.

Reduces the excretion of potassium and magnesium ions.

Kidney excretion of calcium ions hydrochlorothiazide (dichlorothiazide) (with prolonged use):

Hydrochlorothiazide (dichlorothiazide) diuresis in diabetes insipidus:

Note the localization of the action of triamterene and spironolactone:

Thick segment of the ascending part of the loop of Henle.

The initial department of the distal tubules.

$ The end section of the distal tubules.

Against the background of the action of triamterene, the excretion of the following ions by the kidneys increases:

The mechanism of inhibition of reabsorption of sodium ions under the influence of triamterene:

The blockade of aldosterone receptors and elimination of the action of aldosterone on the renal tubules.

$ Blockage of sodium channels of renal tubules.

Blockade of special transport macromolecules providing ion reabsorption.

Is it true that the severity of the diuretic effect of triamterene does not depend on the level of aldosterone in the body:

$ Blocks aldosterone receptors and eliminates the effect of aldosterone on the renal tubules.

$ Increases the excretion of sodium and chlorine ions by the kidneys.

$ Reduces the excretion of potassium and magnesium ions by the kidneys.

The severity of the diuretic effect depends on the level of aldosterone in the body.

Well penetrates through cell membranes and tissue barriers.

Increases the osmotic pressure of the blood plasma.

Mechanism of diuretic action of mannitol (mannitol):

Violates the renal tubules reabsorption of sodium and chlorine ions.

$ Entering the renal tubules, increases in them the osmotic pressure and disrupts the reabsorption of water.

Increase the excretion of potassium and magnesium ions from the body:

Diuretics are used for:

$ Treatment of acute edema (lungs, brain).

$ Treatment of edema with congestive heart failure.

$ Treatment of edema in diseases of the kidneys, liver.

$ Accelerating the excretion of toxic substances from the body (forced diuresis).

For forced diuresis use:

To eliminate edema in chronic congestive heart failure apply:

$ Furosemide acts on the ascending part of the loop of Henle.

$ Triamteren increases the content of potassium and magnesium in the blood.

Gidlochlorothiazide (dichlorothiazide) is an osmotic diuretic.

$ Spironolactone can cause hyperkalemia.

Chlortalidone (oxodolin) causes a short-term diuretic effect.

$ Hydrochlorothiazide (dichlorothiazide) causes hypokalemia and hypomagnesemia.

$ Spironolactone acts on the collecting tubes and distal tubules.

$ With prolonged use of furosemide, hearing damage is possible.

$ Furosemide causes a pronounced diuretic effect.

Indapamide is a potassium, magnesium-saving diuretic.

$ Hydrochlorothiazide (dichlorothiazide) is used for arterial hypertension.

Triamterene is used for swelling of the lungs.

Hydrochlorothiazide (dichlorothiazide) is administered intravenously.

Furosemide acts predominantly in the proximal tubules.

$ Furosemide is used for forced diuresis.

$ Mannitol (mannitol) has a dehydrating effect.

The action of furosemide develops slowly.

Mannitol (mannitol) is prescribed only by mouth.

$ Triamterene can be administered in conjunction with hydrochlorothiazide (dichlorothiazide).

Chlortalidone (oxodolin) acts briefly.

Mannitol (manitol) acts mainly in the field of collecting tubes.

$ Furosemide is used for pulmonary edema.

$ Spironolactone is an aldosterone antagonist.

$ Statins (inhibitors of 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl coenzyme A reductase).

Inhibitors of 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl coenzyme A reductase