Determination of edema in a patient algorithm

All topics in this section:

Filling out an emergency notification
Emergency notification is compiled by doctors and the average medical staff of UZ in case the patient is diagnosed with pediculosis, an infectious disease (suspected of it), food, acute professional

Filling in the documents for discharge from the hospital
Goal. Document the outcome of the disease. Indications. Completion of the patient's stay in the hospital. Material resources: 1. Medical card

Determination of the patient's body weight.
Regular weighing of patients is a reliable method of controlling edema. Body weight, are of great importance for clinical practice, in particular for the diagnosis of certain diseases: obesity,

Algorithm for measuring the patient's body weight.
Preparation for the procedure: 1. Check the health and accuracy of medical scales in accordance with the instructions for their use. 2. To lay a napkin on a platform of scales. 3. In the

Determination of the patient's growth.
At admission, if the patient's condition allows, it is customary to determine the growth of a special wooden rostomer in the standing or sitting position. If the patient has hearing disorders, use

Growth Algorithm
Preparation for the procedure 1. Explain to the patient the purpose and progress of the forthcoming procedure and obtain his consent. 2. Wash and dry hands (using soap or antiseptic). 3.

The execution algorithm
Preparation for the procedure. 1. Wear an extra robe, apron, gloves. 2. Explain to the patient the need and consistency of the forthcoming procedure and obtain consent to the

The execution algorithm.
Preparing for the procedure 1. Explain to the patient the course of washing and get his consent. 2. Fill the bathtub, measure the water temperature (35-37 ° C). 3. Warn the patient about the possibility of

The execution algorithm.
Preparation for the procedure 1. Explain the progress of the forthcoming procedure and obtain consent (if possible). 2. Lower the head of the bed to a horizontal level (or to the maximum

Transportation of the patient.
The method of delivering the patient from the reception to the specialized department is determined by the doctor depending on the severity of the patient's condition: on stretchers or on a gurney, on a wheelchair, on his hands, on foot.

Apparatus for determining blood pressure.
The auscultatory method of measuring blood pressure was proposed in 1905. Short. There are manual (tonometer), semi-automatic and automatic types of devices that measure blood pressure. Tonometer

Measurement of blood pressure (order MOH of Russia from 24.01.03 № 4), registration of indicators. Informing the patient.
For a correct measurement of blood pressure, a number of conditions must be observed. 1. Conditions for measuring blood pressure. Measurement should be carried out in a quiet comfortable environment

Algorithm for the study of arterial pressure on the brachial artery
Preparation for the procedure: 1. Present yourself to the patient, explain the purpose and procedure of the procedure. 2. Wash and dry hands (using soap or antiseptic). 3. Give the patient a

Errors in the measurement of blood pressure. Training the patient for self-control of blood pressure.
In order to avoid mistakes when changing blood pressure, you must strictly adhere to certain rules. These universal rules should be observed regardless of the type of apparatus: - for 30 min

The execution algorithm.
Preparation for the procedure 1. Tell the patient that you will teach him how to measure blood pressure. 2. Determine the motivation and ability of the patient to learn. 3. Clarify the patient, do you agree

Definition of HDR, registration.
The totality of the inspiration and the subsequent exhalation is considered to be a single respiratory movement. The number of breaths per minute is called the respiratory rate (BHD) or simply the respiration rate. Normal breathing

Glossary.
Acrocyanosis Cyanotic color of distal parts of the body, caused by an increase in the amount of reduced hemoglobin in the blood from the subcutaneous

Determination of the pulse, the location of the pulse, registration.
Investigation of the pulse can be carried out not only on the radial artery, but also on the carotid, temporal, femoral arteries, as well as the arteries of the foot, etc. Studies of the pulse should be carried out on both limbs

Algorithm for the study of the pulse
Preparation for the procedure 1. Present yourself to the patient, explain the course and purpose of the procedure for the examination of the pulse. Obtain the patient's consent to the procedure. 2. Handle the hands hygienically

Algorithm for measuring body temperature in the armpit
Preparation for the procedure: 1. Wash and dry hands (using soap or antiseptic). 2. Prepare a thermometer (glass mercury): check its integrity, if necessary

Algorithm for measuring body temperature in the oral cavity (glass mercury thermometer)
Preparation for the procedure: 1. Wash and dry hands (using soap or antiseptic). 2. Prepare a thermometer: check its integrity, if necessary - wipe dry

Algorithm for measuring temperature in the rectum
Preparation for the procedure: 1. Wash and dry your hands (using soap or antiseptic), put on gloves. 2. Prepare a thermometer: check its integrity, if necessary -

Temperature recording in a temperature sheet.
For a graphic representation of diurnal fluctuations in temperature, the temperature sheets, in which the patient's last name is indicated, are recorded, the results of measuring the temperature of the body. He is taken to the reception room

Nursing assistance to the patient in every period of fever.
An increase in body temperature above 37 ° C is called fever. The body temperature rises with infectious diseases and some conditions, accompanied by a violation of thermoreg activity

The second period is the stabilization of high body temperature.
Can last from a few hours to several days. The skin vessels expand, the heat transfer increases in accordance with the heat production, therefore the further increase in body temperature stops

The third period of fever is a decrease in temperature.
The temperature can drop critically, i.e. very quickly - from high to low, for example from 40 to 36 ° C for an hour. This is accompanied by a sharp drop in vascular tone, a decrease in blood pressure,

Drawing up a portioning requirement.
Therapeutic diet - diet therapy - the most important element of complex therapy. It is prescribed in combination with other types of therapy (pharmacological drugs, physiotherapy procedures). Therapeutic pit

CHARACTERISTICS OF DIET
Diet №0. They are: after the operation on the digestive organs, with craniocerebral trauma, cerebrovascular accident. Purpose: to ensure food intake when

Distribution of food.
Immediately before distributing food, tables should be prepared, covered with clean tablecloths, oilcloth tablecloths should be well washed. It should be emphasized that very important for the

Feeding a seriously ill spoon
Purpose: feeding the patient. Indication: the inability to eat alone. Preparation for the procedure: 1. To clarify the

Feeding the seriously ill with the help of a drinker
Purpose: feeding the patient. Indication: the inability to take hard and soft food on your own. Equipment: drinker; napkin

Glossary.
Portionnik - a sheet containing information about the number of different dietary tables, types of unloading and individual diets.

Execution of the procedure
4. Wash and dry your hands. Wear gloves. 5. Extremely treat the blind end of the probe with glycerin (or other water-soluble grease). 6. Ask the patient to slightly throw back the patient.

Algorithm for feeding a seriously ill patient through a nasogastric tube
I. Preparation for the procedure. 1. Present to the patient (if the patient is conscious), inform about the upcoming feeding, composition and volume of food, the method of feeding. 2. Wash and dry

Drinking regime; help the patient to get enough fluid.
Drinking regime is the most rational order of drinking water during the day. At the same time, the drinking regime is directly tied to proper nutrition, since in addition to food for human consumption

Preparation and replacement of bed linen for seriously ill patients.
Functional purpose of a simple medical service: prevention of bedsores, ensuring personal hygiene patient. Material resources: a set of pure white

Preparing and changing underwear and clothes for the seriously ill.
Functional purpose of a simple medical service: prevention of decubitus, personal hygiene of the patient. Material resources: non-sterile gloves

Preparation for the procedure.
1. Present to the patient, explain the purpose and procedure of the procedure (if the patient is conscious). Make sure the patient has informed consent to the upcoming procedure. 2.Property management

Care of the oral cavity of a seriously ill patient.
Functional purpose of a simple medical service: providing personal hygiene of the patient. Material resources: tray, corncang, tweezers, vacuum electric

Removal of crusts from the nasal cavity of a seriously ill patient.
Functional purpose of a simple medical service: prevention of nasal breathing, personal hygiene. Material resources:

Care of the eyes of a seriously ill patient.
Functional purpose of a simple medical service: providing personal hygiene of the patient. Material resources: sterile tray, tweezers, gauze balls,

III. Completion of the procedure.
13. Remove the towel. Place the patient in a comfortable position. 14. Collect accessories for care and deliver to a special room for further processing. 15. Sni

Symptoms of diaper rash.
There is an intertrigo in the form of erythema (redness) of the skin folds. In the future, if treatment has not been started, surface cracks appear in the depth of the fold, bleeding occurs in neglected cases

Submission of the vessel to a seriously ill patient.
Functional purpose of a simple medical service: personal hygiene. Material resources: bedding, oilcloth, toilet paper, linen

Delivery of the urine receiver to a seriously ill patient.
Functional purpose of a simple medical service: personal hygiene. Material resources: a bedpan (for women) or a urinal (for

Change of diaper.
Functional purpose of a simple medical service: prevention of decubitus, personal hygiene of the patient. Material resources: non-sterile peppers

Algorithm for performing manipulation
I. Preparation for the procedure. 1. Present yourself to the patient, explain the course and purpose of the procedure. 2. Fence the patient with a screen (if necessary). 3. Handle the hands hygienic

Care of hair, nails, shaving of a seriously ill patient.
Functional purpose of a simple medical service: providing personal hygiene of the patient. Material resources: water thermometer, liquid soap, shampoo. cr

Application of mustard plasters.
Indications: 1. Inflammatory respiratory diseases. 2. Angina pectoris. 3. Hypertensive crisis. 4. Myositis. 5. Neuralgia. 6. Osteochondrosis.

II. Execution of the procedure.
6. Immerse mustard plaster in water, temperature - 40-45 ° С. 7. Put the mustard plaster firmly on the skin with the side covered with mustard. 8. Repeat steps. 6-7, placing the right amount of mustard plaster

Cupping.
Indications: 1. Inflammatory respiratory diseases. 2. Intercostal neuralgia. 3. Radiculitis. 4. Myositis. 5. Increased blood pressure. Contraindications

II. Execution of the procedure.
8. Apply a thin layer of Vaseline on the skin. 9. Dampen the wick in alcohol and squeeze it. The vial is closed with a lid and set aside. Wipe your hands. 10. Light the wick. 11. The canopy

Use of a heating pad.
Indications: 1. Pain caused by a spasm of smooth muscles. 2. Intestinal colic. 3. Pain in chronic gastritis. 4. Hepatic and renal colic

III. The end of the procedure.
11. Remove the heating pad. 12. Examine the patient's skin, help the patient take a comfortable position, hide. 13. Wash, dry hands, wear gloves. 14. Open the stopper at the hot water bottle

III. The end of the procedure.
9. Remove the compress after the due time. 10. Wipe the patient's skin. 11. Wash your hands. 12. Make a record of the procedure performed and the patient's response to the medical document

III. The end of the procedure.
12. Remove the compress after the due time. 13. Wipe off the skin and apply a dry bandage. 14. Wash your hands. 15. Make a record of the procedure performed and the patient's response to medicine

III. The end of the procedure.
13. Remove the compress after the due time. 14. Wipe the skin and apply a dry bandage. 15. Wash your hands. 16. Record the performed procedure and the reaction.

III. The end of the procedure.
18. At the end of the procedure, remove the catheter, place it in a disinfectant. 19. Remove gloves and wash hands. 20. Make a record of the medical service performed.

Glossary.
Spasm vascular narrowing Necrosis necrosis Infiltrate tissue tightening of inflammatory

Setting the gas pipe. Observation and care of the patient after the end of the procedure.
Intensification of gas formation in the intestine in violation of its motor function is called flatulence. If the release of gases from the intestine with a cleansing enema is undesirable, and mete

Algorithm of actions
Preparation for the procedure: 1. Present yourself to the patient, explain the purpose and progress of the forthcoming procedure. 2. Fence the patient with a screen (if the procedure is performed in a multitude

CYCLES.
Enema is a medical-diagnostic medical service, which is an introduction to the lower part of the large intestine of various fluids. Therapeutic enemas are used to:

Preparation of the patient and setting the cleansing enema.
Purpose: empty the intestines. The procedure is carried out in a separate room (clinic). The depth of insertion of the tip into the rectum depends on the age and varies from 2-3 cm to the newborn

Algorithm of actions
Preparation for the procedure: 1. Present yourself to the patient, explain the purpose and procedure of the procedure. 2. Fence the patient with a screen, ensuring its isolation. 3. Put on the headlights

Algorithm of actions
Preparation for the procedure: 1. Present yourself to the patient, explain the purpose and procedure of the procedure. 2. Fence the patient with a screen, ensuring its isolation. 3. Put on the headlights

Algorithm of actions
Preparation for the procedure: 1. Present yourself to the patient, explain the purpose and progress of the forthcoming procedure. 2. Prepare all the necessary equipment for this service

Algorithm of actions
Preparation for the procedure: 1. Present yourself to the patient, explain the purpose and progress of the forthcoming procedure. 2. Prepare all the necessary equipment for this service

Preparation of the patient and setting of a medicinal enema. Observation and care of the patient after the end of the procedure.
Medicinal enemas - curative enemas with the introduction of various drugs. Most often they are microclysters, their volume is 50-100 ml. Indications:

Algorithm of actions
Preparation for the procedure: 1. Present yourself to the patient, explain the purpose and progress of the forthcoming procedure. 2. Prepare all the necessary equipment for this service

Types of catheters, sizes.
For catheterization of the bladder, a urethral catheter is used (a tube that is passed through the urethra into the bladder). The catheters can be: 1) rubber (soft

Catheterization of the bladder with a soft catheter in women and men (on a phantom).
Equipment: sterile catheter, 1 pair of sterile gloves, sterile wipes, sterile glycerin, antiseptic solution, urine collection container, sterile trays.

Wear sterile gloves.
6. Wrap the penis with sterile napkins. 7. Pull off the foreskin (if any), grab the penis from the side with the left hand and pull it to the maximum length perpendicularly

Wear sterile gloves.
8. Cover the vagina with sterile wipes. 9. Spread the small labia into the sides with your left hand. With your right hand, take a sterile napkin, moistened with an antiseptic solution, and treat

Care of the patient's crotch (patient) with a urinary catheter
Equipment: terry cloth gloves, towel, gloves, absorbent diaper (oilcloth and usual diaper), water tank, cotton balls. Training in

Types, application of removable urinals. Care of catheters and urinals.
Urine collection systems - removable urinals, are made of rubber, polymeric material (capron, nylon). The urine collection consists of a catheter and a drainage bag. Applied for violations of the EU

Types of gastric tube.
Kind of probe Characteristic Purpose Thin gastric Diameter 5-9 mm Fractionated

Algorithm of actions
Rinse using a gastric probe (patient in consciousness) Preparation for the procedure: 1. Present to the patient, explain the course and purpose of the procedure. 2. Usa

Material resources
1. A thick sterile gastric tube with a diameter of 10-15 mm, a length of 100-120 cm with marks at a distance of 45, 55, 65 cm from the blind end - 1 pc. 2. Rubber tube 70 cm long (for extension

Algorithm of actions
Preparation for the procedure: 1. Measure blood pressure, count the pulse. 2. Remove the dentures from the patient (if any). 3. The medical worker

Algorithm of actions
Preparation for the procedure: 1. Inform the physician. 2. Wear gloves. 3. If the patient has dentures, they should be removed. 4. Sit the patient on

Algorithm of actions
Preparation for the procedure: 1. Urgently call a doctor. 2. Wear gloves. 3. If the patient has dentures, they should be removed. 4. Remove the pillows

Algorithm of actions
Preparation for the procedure: 1. Urgently call a doctor. 2. Wear gloves. 3. If the patient has dentures, they should be removed. 4. Remove the pillows

Disinfection, pre-sterilization cleaning and sterilization of probes.
1. Pre-disinfection in 3% chloramine solution. Wash out wash water into the sewerage system. 2. Place the probes in a 3% solution of chloramine for 1 hour. 3. Rinse under running water.

List of medical prescriptions
Name of the hospital Name of the department Full name of the patient ___ Sidorov A.P._______ No. of the medical history__1256 _______________ DIAGNOSIS: ___________________________________ Received ____ 16.0

Execution of claims for medicines and the procedure for obtaining them from the pharmacy.
In accordance with the needs of the department, the senior nurse writes out and receives medicines from the pharmacy. For prescription of medicines from the pharmacy there are special

At the senior nurses, on a post, procedural offices.
Name of medicinal product ______________________________________________________________________ Concentration, dosage, unit of measure ______________________

Distribution of medicines to patients of the treatment department
Purpose: To ensure timely reception of medicines by patients. Equipment: medicines, appointment sheets, sterile pipettes, spoons, beakers, capacity with boiled water

Sublingual route of administration (sublinqua)
With sublingual and subbulk injections (a kind of oral intake) the drug is not exposed to the effects of digestive and microbial enzymes, is rapidly absorbed

The rectal route of administration (per rectum)
The introduction of drugs through the rectum (rectally) refers to the enteral route of administration. Through the rectum are introduced liquid dosage forms: decoctions, solutions, mucus in the form of microclysters and

Possible patient problems and nursing interventions with them.
When conducting drug therapy, problems may arise that are related to the patient's refusal to take prescribed medications. As a rule, patients can motivate their

External route of administration
The external route of administration is the use of medicinal substances on the skin and mucous membranes of the eyes, nose, vagina, in the ears. This way of introduction is designed mainly for local activities

Application of powder
Powder or dust powdered medicinal substances (talcum) are used to dry the skin during intertrigo and sweating. The surface on which the powder is applied must be clean

Inhalation route
Introduction to the body of drugs through their inhalation is called inhalation. The drug is in the bottle in the form of an aerosol. With the help of inhalation,

II. Training
4. Give the patient and take themselves to empty balloon. Do not spray medication in the air. This is dangerous for your health. 5. Offer the patient to sit down while studying,

II. Training
4. Give the patient and take themselves to empty balloon. 5. Ask the patient to sit down while studying. 6. Demonstrate the procedure to the patient using the inhalation unit

Types of syringes and needles, their device. Preparation of a single-use syringe for use.
Injection (in translation from Latin - "injection") - parenteral administration of medicinal substances (ingestion of drugs into the body, bypassing the digestive tract). To perform the

The choice of needle depends on the type of injection.
Type of injection Needle length, mm Needle diameter, mm Intradermal 0,4 Subcutaneous

A set of medicinal product from an ampoule and a vial.
Material resources: manipulation table, syringe (required volume, for a certain type of injection), tray, tweezers, antiseptic or ethyl alcohol 70 °, medicines

Calculation and breeding of antibiotics.
Antibiotics are administered intramuscularly or intravenously. There are 2 ways of breeding antibiotics: 1: 1 and 1: 2. When diluted 1: 1 in 1 ml of the solution should contain 100,000 units of antibiotic.

The technique of intradermal, subcutaneous and intramuscular injection.
Plan: 1. Anatomical areas and technique of intradermal injection. 2. Anatomical areas and technique of subcutaneous injection. 3. Anatomical areas and technology

Algorithm of intradermal drug administration
I. Preparation for the procedure. 1. Make sure the patient has informed consent to the forthcoming procedure for the administration of the drug. In the absence of such, clarify yes

Anatomical areas and technique of subcutaneous injection.
Due to the fact that the subcutaneous fat layer is well supplied with blood vessels, subcutaneous injections are used for faster action of the drug substance. Anatomical areas:

Algorithm of subcutaneous administration of medicines
I. Preparation for the procedure. 1. Make sure the patient has informed consent to the forthcoming procedure for the administration of the drug. In the absence of such, clarify yes

Anatomical areas and technique of intramuscular injection.
Muscle tissue has an extensive network of blood and lymphatic vessels, which creates conditions for rapid and complete absorption of drugs. To perform an intramuscular injection,

Algorithm for intramuscular administration of drugs
I. Preparation for the procedure. 1. Make sure the patient has informed consent to the forthcoming procedure for the administration of the drug. In the absence of such, clarify yes

Calculation and rules for the introduction of insulin.
Injections of insulin and heparin are administered subcutaneously. Insulin is produced in 5 ml vials, in 1 ml contains 40 units or 100 units. Insulin is injected with a special disposable syringe, given that

Calculation and rules for the administration of heparin.
Vials with a solution of heparin are available in 5 ml, in 1 ml can contain 5000 units, 10,000 units, 20,000 units. Equipment: vial with heparin, syringe and 2 needles, tweezers, alcohol, sterile cotton balls

The technique of intravenous injection. Filling the system for intravenous drip of fluids.
Plan: 1. Anatomical areas and technique of intravenous injection. 2. Filling the system for intravenous drip of fluids. 3. Technics inside

Anatomical areas and technique of intravenous injection.
Anatomical areas: intravenous administration of medications is performed in the peripheral veins (the elbows of the elbow, the rear of the wrist, wrists, feet), as well as in the central veins. Inside

Algorithm for intravenous administration of drugs (jet)
I. Preparation for the procedure. 1. Make sure the patient has informed consent to the forthcoming procedure for the administration of the drug. In the absence of such

Filling the system for intravenous drip of fluids.
Material resources: a couch, a manipulating table, a kidney sterile tray, a non-sterile tray, a venous tourniquet, anatomically sterile tweezers, an anatomical forceps tweezers

Algorithm for intravenous drug administration
(drip using a system for infusion of infusion solutions) I. Preparation for the procedure. 1. Make sure the patient has an informed consent for the forthcoming

Algorithm for taking blood from the peripheral vein
I. Preparation for the procedure. 1. Make sure the patient has informed consent to the procedure. In the absence of such, clarify the further actions of the doctor.

Compliance with universal precautions for the injection and processing of used tools and materials.
1. Carry out hygienic treatment of the hands before and after the procedure. 2. Use gloves, glasses, a mask, an apron, a bathrobe, and a cap during the procedure. 3. Use non-flicker

Universal precautions when taking and transporting biological material to the laboratory.
To work on the collection and transport of biological material, medical personnel are allowed to undergo special instruction in working techniques and safety measures. When taking a biological

The technique of taking the contents of the pharynx, nose and nasopharynx for bacteriological examination.
A smear from the pharynx and nose allows to sow it on the nutrient medium, to identify the pathogen, as well as to determine its sensitivity to antibiotics. Simple honey function

Fence material from the nose
STAGES NOTE PREPARATION FOR THE PROCEDURE 1. Explain to the patient the meaning and necessity of the forthcoming study

Collection of urine for general analysis
The purpose - diagnosis of diseases and monitoring the course of the painful process Indications - diseases of the kidneys, urinary tract, cardiovascular system, metabolic disease, pregnancy

Collection of urine in Zimnitskiy
The goal is to study the functional state of the kidneys (determine daily, night, daily diuresis, and the amount and relative density of urine in each of 8 portions). In a normal day diuresis, pre

Collection of urine for sugar
The goal is to detect glucose in the urine (in normal urine, glucose is present as traces and does not exceed 0.02%). The appearance of sugar in the urine - glucosuria can be a physiological conditioned meal with

Collection of urine for bacteriological research
Bacteriological and bacterioscopic examination of urine allows to determine the pathogen in case of infectious disease of the urinary system, to make quantitative and qualitative composition of microflora

Rules for storage of received material. Execution of the accompanying document
The urine should be delivered to the laboratory no later than 1 hour after it is collected, otherwise infecting it from the environment can lead to alkaline fermentation. For research

Collection of feces for coprological examination, for concealed blood, for the presence of helminths, protozoa, for research on enterobiosis.
Collect the feces in a clean, dry glassware. It should not contain impurities of urine and other substances. It is known that in the stool contains a huge number of microorganisms (billions!). And although a large

Collection of feces for occult blood
The goal is to reveal the latent bleeding from the organs of the digestive tract. Indication - peptic ulcer of stomach and duodenum, stomach cancer, gastritis, etc. Result

Taking stool for examination on helminth eggs, on enterobiasis
In the feces there are eggs of helminths: trematodes, or flukes (hepatic fluke, lanceolate fluke), cestodes, or tapeworms, nematodes, or roundworms (ascarids, pinworms, whipworms,

Execution of the accompanying document. Rules for storage of received material.
Sputum before the study in the laboratory can be stored no more than 1-2 hours in the refrigerator at a temperature of 40C, so you need to deliver the material to the laboratory as soon as possible, providing it with

Gastric sounding.
Functional purpose of a simple medical service: investigation of secretory and motor functions of the stomach. Gastric contents are obtained on an empty stomach and after a "test run"

Duodenal sounding.
Functional purpose of a simple medical service: taking bile to diagnose diseases of the gallbladder, biliary tract and with a therapeutic purpose - to stimulate outflow

Preparation for X-ray examination.
X-ray examination of the colon (irrigoscopy) is usually carried out after injection into the large intestine with the help of an enema of barium suspension. For this, the patient must fulfill certain requirements

Preparation for X-ray examination.
When X-ray methods of research determine the shape, magnitude and mobility of the stomach, they detect ulcers, swelling and other pathological changes. A nurse must prepare a finger

Preparation for endoscopy.
Endoscopic examination of the esophagus, stomach and duodenum is currently one of the most important diagnostic methods allowing to visually determine the localization

Preparation for radiographic examination of the liver and bile ducts.
This study is based on the ability of the liver to excrete with iodine jelly preparations, which makes it possible to obtain an image of the biliary tract (intravenous and infusion cholangiocholecystogra

Preparation for X-ray examination of the kidneys and urinary tract.
When X-ray examination of the kidneys, the most commonly used is an overview X-ray of the kidneys and urinary tracts and intravenous (excretory) urography, in which the contrast drug,

Preparation for the study of the kidneys, bladder, pelvic organs and prostate gland.
Ultrasonography of the kidneys does not require special preparation. However, ultrasound examination of the uterus, ovaries (with the impossibility of transvaginal examination), bladder, prostate,

Algorithm of actions.
1. Call an ambulance through a third party. 2. Stand behind the injured person and place your arms around the chest. 3. Fingers of one hand squeeze into

Algorithm of actions.
1. Call an ambulance through a third party. 2. Lay the patient on a hard base, unbuttoning the tight clothes, place under the shoulders of the injured roller at the level of the scapula.

Algorithm of actions.
1. Call an ambulance through a third party. 2. Lay the patient on a hard base, unbuttoning the tight clothes, place under the shoulders of the injured roller at the level of the scapula.

Algorithm of actions.
1 option 1. Press one hand into a fist and place it in the epigastric area under the sternum.

C. Indirect heart massage (NMS).
9. Palpate the lower ribs towards the sternum.

Cardiopulmonary resuscitation by two rescuers.
One rescuer carries out artificial ventilation of the lungs, the other performs an indirect cardiac massage, their movements are coordinated, clear, energetic. Required condition -

Algorithm of action.
1. Remove clothing from your body and lay it on your back without a pillow. 2. Remove from the deceased the available values ​​in the department in the presence of the attending physician or on duty, which is to be completed together with the doctor and