The cause of edema is inconvenient

What is it - hyperkeratosis is a pathology in which the epidermal stratum extends.

Normally, each person is slushening the upper layer of the epidermis and the growth of new cells, which make up for the loss.

With hyperkeratosis, the processes of sloughing and replenishment are violated. The reasons for this are many: diseases, wearing tight clothes, heredity, etc.

Pathology leads to the growth of the stratum corneum of the epidermis from a few millimeters to several centimeters, which can cause considerable inconvenience to a person.


Hyperkeratosis does not develop as an independent disease. There are always certain reasons for this pathology.

Factors of development are divided into:

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  • exogenous, that is, arising from the outside in the form of aggressive effects on the skin;
  • endogenous, that is, internal causes;
  • hereditary factors.
TO exogenous factors you can refer any pressure on the skin of a person,which arises as a result of the systematic wearing of tight shoes, clothes, tight headgear and everything that prevents a person from moving freely. Hyperkeratosis can occur on any part of the skin in a place where aggressive action occurs.

Very often hyperkeratosis occurs in people withoverweight due to body weight pressure on the feet. In addition, any external and unevenly distributed load often leads to the development of hyperkeratosis.

TO endogenous causes diseases that can lead todisruption of the processes of sloughing and replenishment of epidermal cells. Diabetes mellitus is such a disease. It often provokes a metabolic disorder, which leads to a mass of functional disorders that can adversely affect the skin. In addition, liver disease, the thyroid gland. Cesari syndrome, lichen and a group of other diseases can cause hyperkeratosis.

Separately it is worth highlighting hereditary factors. Ichthyosis is a hereditary disease,which is expressed in violation of keratinization. And as a consequence of ichthyosis, hyperkeratosis occurs. In addition, the development of pathology keratinization can affect the presence of hereditary disorders in the formation of keratin.

In some cases, the appearance of hyperkeratosis can result in a deficiency of vitamins A and C, as well as prolonged exposure to the sun and strong winds per person.

Follicular hyperkeratosis: symptoms and treatment


In this form of hyperkeratosis are affectedhair follicles. In most cases, those skin areas that are prone to dryness, that is, knees and elbows, suffer. Due to malfunctioning, the follicles are clogged with epithelium.

For this reason, the skin becomes dry and looks like goose. If the follicular hyperkeratosis is left without proper treatment, then not only the elbows and knees, but also the rest of the skin are affected.

Clogged with epithelium follicles look like bumps and pimples. In the case of squeezing or damage to clothing, follicles often become inflamed, which causes additional discomfort.

Unfortunately, today there is no effective treatment of follicular hyperkeratosis. If it was caused by internal causes, but notthen hereditary diseases are possible. In this case, therapy is needed to treat the underlying cause, that is, the underlying disease.

In other cases, therapy is prescribed,aimed at softening the skin, eliminating inflammation, as well as restoring the processes of slimming epithelium. It should be noted that with age follicular hyperkeratosis is due to the slowing down of the growth processes of new skin cells.

Hyperkeratosis of the feet: symptoms and treatment


Hyperkeratosis often affects the feet, forming on them a stratified layer of epithelium up to a few centimeters thick. The defect is not very pleasant to look at and, moreover, quite dangerous.

Footsteps are exposed to heavy loads every day,from which the formation of cracks is possible. These cracks can be both superficial and deep, which are accompanied by pain and bleeding. It is possible to infect deep cracks, which leads to an inflammatory process.

Hyperkeratosis of the feet develops gradually. The main reason for its occurrence in most cases is wearing uncomfortable or tight shoes. For example, high-heeled shoes ensure the distribution of pressure is not on the entire foot, but only on the heel and the base of the fingers. That is why the percentage of women suffering from initial signs of hyperkeratosis is much higher than that of men.

Flat-footed shoes can also have a disastrous effect on the legs. In the risk zone are people whose way of life or work is associated with constant walking.

In this case, ordinary footwear does not providedue load distribution on the foot and does not support the leg, which can lead to the development of hyperkeratosis. People with an active lifestyle need to choose orthopedic shoes or orthopedic insoles to compensate for the burden on their legs.

To other causes of hyperkeratosis of the feetinclude: an overweight person, diseases that lead to a defect of sloughing and replenishment of the upper layer of the epidermis, neglect of foot care, flat feet and other orthopedic diseases.

For treatment of hyperkeratosis of the feet symptomatic therapy, whichimplies the removal of excess keratinized layer of the epidermis followed by the application of skin softening and moisturizing agents. If the hyperkeratosis of the foot has arisen for endogenous reasons, then the therapy directed to the treatment of the initial disease is carried out.

Hyperkeratosis of the scalp: symptoms and treatment


Hyperkeratosis of the head is similar in the clinical picture with follicular hyperkeratosis, but the lesion is the scalp.

The hyperkeratosis of the scalp develops slowly andat the initial stage of development does not cause a person's anxiety. The appearance of dandruff. dryness and brittleness of hair most often people write off to water, poor-quality shampoos, lack of proper care, etc.

Further development of hyperkeratosis is notedloss of hair. which starts to disturb the person. Unfortunately, the hair begins to fall out when the hair follicles packed with epithelium are no longer able to grow, so the new hair will not grow on the spot of the fallen hair. This is the main feature of the scalp hyperkeratosis.

The disease brings a lot of trouble to a person anddiscomfort. In addition to dry head, dandruff and hair loss, a person can begin to worry about skin inflammation, as it is easily injured even by combing the hair.

Treatment of this type of hyperkeratosis is long and does not tolerate frequent interruptions. Applicable symptomatic treatment. which makes it possible to achieve a tolerable type of scalp, and also prescribed therapy aimed at moisturizing the skin, reducing the inflammatory process and protecting against further damage to the scalp.

In the long term, the prognosis of the disease, taking into account the fulfillment of all the doctors' instructions, is most often favorable.


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