The third day of menstruation


On what day of the cycle it is necessary to conduct ultrasound of dairyglands - this issue needs careful consideration. Correctly chosen term will help to clarify the questions "What is this seal in the chest", "Why the nipple became asymmetrical", "Why axillary lymph nodes are felt", and many other things related to the health of this body.

There are several rules for choosing the optimal study day, which we will consider below.

The choice of the day of the cycle depends on the situation

When you need to do the procedure, it depends on what situation you have, in what period of the hormonal function of the ovaries you are.

So, if during the reproductive age you have such complaints:

  • you (or gynecologist, therapist, mammologist) found enlarged axillary lymph nodes
  • there is discomfort in the glands
  • The mammary glands are not symmetrical (if it was not earlier)
  • there is a tightening ("lump") in the area of ​​one breast
  • menstruation is painful, with the increase and swelling of the mammary glands (this is not the norm, this is one of the symptoms of mastopathy)
  • scaly skin of the breast
  • isolated from the nipple without lactation
  • Nipples are retracted or compressed, swollen or sunken
  • if you raise your hands up, "dimples" appear on one breast,

then ultrasound of the mammary glands is better done at the very beginning of the cycle - from 4 to 14 days from the first day of menstruation.

Pregnant, breastfeeding and women in the menopausal period can undergo this diagnosis any day.

In the event of such complaints as:

  • chest pain
  • the appearance of painful swelling in the chest
  • especially if this local edema is accompanied by reddening of the skin above it
  • temperature increase
  • nipple
  • impaired well-being: weakness, nausea, drowsiness, loss of appetite,

a woman does not need to wonder when it is right to do ultrasound, but you need to go for a checkup as soon as the above complaints have appeared.

You need to calculate the time so that you get an appointment with a mammalogist or gynecologist on the same day (if it does not work out differently, choose the latter between an ultrasound and a doctor's visit).

How to calculate the day of trekking on ultrasound

The cycle for each woman is different, and the studyit is important to pass into the "right" phase. This is due to the fact that the mammary gland is a hormonally sensitive organ that somewhat changes its structure under the influence of estrogen, progesterone and some other hormones, the number of which varies depending on the day of the cycle.

Mammology and ultrasound doctors recommend to count on what day to do ultrasound, thus:

  1. for 5-12 days with a cycle of 28 days
  2. for 7-14 days, if the cycle time is longer
  3. by the level of estrogen in the blood (you need to take it on the third day of the cycle), by which you can judge the speed of onset of ovulation (it is up to ovulation and you need to undergo ultrasound).
It is these days changes in breast tissueare minimal. It is gradually restored after the last months: the milk producing glands develop, their ducts are restored, the alveoli are still closed, and the stroma of the gland is dense.

Later, on days 16-20, the glands are already ready forthe onset of pregnancy, they expand, there is swelling and increased blood supply to the alveoli (because of this you can not see the minimal changes, such as a small knot).

During pregnancy and lactation it does not matter what day to do the research: the ducts and acini of the gland are rapidly developing, the fatty lobules regress.

All the structures of the breast are fully developed. Therefore, if in this period there is a need to examine the gland, then the day does not play a role - the breast does not change its structure as before pregnancy.

The same applies to the menopausal period: regardless of the day, the breast no longer receives enough hormonal stimulation, its "working part" is atrophied, while fat tissue becomes many.

Why it is important to choose the right day for research

The choice of the time when the diagnostic procedure is made is important from the point of view of differential diagnosis, that is, the setting of the correct diagnosis.

After the preparation for ultrasound of the mammary glands (in the form of a diet or fasting) is not needed, but the right day for this is important.

Thus, when it is revealed during this period of the cavity(cavities) with fluid speak of the cystic form of mastopathy, whereas a similar result in the second half of the cycle (along with the corresponding symptoms) may indicate an abscess.

How do ultrasound of the mammary glands. is written in detail in the corresponding section. Soreness or discomfort are signs that need to be reported to the doctor.

Research can be done so often, soit's necessary. It is completely harmless to health. Scheduled doctors advise to undergo ultrasound of the breast once a year for all women from 25 years to 40 years (then the diagnosis is carried out using x-ray mammography).

The cost of the research is from 1000 to 2500 rubles.

Thus, it is very important to be able to count, onwhat day of the cycle you need to undergo ultrasound of the mammary glands, so that the resulting data is as accurate as possible. This requirement is due to the fact that the entire "working area" of the breast is subject to the influence of female sex hormones, the level of which varies depending on the period of the menstrual cycle.