Is the udder swelling before calving?
The hotel of the cow is a joyful event for the owner. For me, the day of calving was always just an event, the beginning of a new season, full of worries and troubles.
In order to calving well, you need to advanceto prepare a cow how to do it I will write a little later, but for now I will tell you about the preparation for calving and about how to take the baby and carry out the proper care of the newborn calf from the first minutes of his life.
In the last month before calving, the cow beginsgrow udder. The udder greatly increases in volume and sometimes there is edema on the udder. If the swelling is not very strong, then you do not need to do anything. If the udder is enlarged so much that the cow can hardly stand on its feet, then it is necessary to limit the animal in water and stop giving mixed fodder and juicy feeds - good quality hay and water - that's what your cow will eat before calving.
1-2 weeks before the birth, the cow will swell up the labia and, most often in the morning, there will be a transparent discharge.
A few hours before calving, the cow protrudestail and begins to step from foot to foot. From the vagina is a thick mucus. Often, but not always, the cow becomes restless and glances at the stomach. If the cow begins to strain from time to time, as if she began to defecate - it means that her attempts began.
When there are signs of calving, you need to prepare everything you need. It is advisable to place the cow in a separate box, laying under it a clean hay or straw.
For obstetrics, you will need a clean bucket of water, iodine or zelenka, a rope (in case of a complex calving) and a bucket for collection of amniotic fluid.
The flock for the calf should be ready by this time, washed and covered with pure hay.
Wash the labia labia and leave it alone. If the calving is normal, your help will not be required.
Approximately 1 to 3 hours after the appearance of the firstsigns, the croup will have a fetal bladder from the birth canal. You can pierce it and collect all the contents in a bucket. Bucket let the cow drink. This will strengthen the family activity and in the future will serve for better separation of the afterlife.
After the bubble breaks, the hooves will appear.
With the correct position, you will see two hooves, and then you can feel the nose of the calf.
If 30-40 minutes after the appearance of the legsThe cow has not calved down, we must help her. Gently grasp the legs and pull, try to pull during the attempt. If you have an assistant, then let your hand move the skin of the labia's lips so that there are no ruptures.
If the calf goes backwards, the legs stick out to the feet, in which case the cow can rarely give birth, it is necessary to pull the calf or call a veterinarian.
If the leg is only one, then urgently callveterinarian. With bent limbs, especially if the fruit is large, only a specialist can help a cow. The faster the help is given, the more likely a live calf will be born. Delay will not only affect the calf, but the cow may lose strength, and then the outcome of the calving will be unfavorable, you can lose not only the offspring, but the mother herself.
If the cow during calving is on its feet - notYou have to worry that the calf will hurt, the litter will protect it from falling, and you can hold it a little. If you do not interfere with the delivery process, it is likely that the cow will lie down, as it should be.
After the baby was born, brush his mouthfrom the mucus and let the cow do everything herself. Believe me, she will cope just fine: she will lick the calf to dry, and this is important for him and for her. The kid will get a good massage, and the mother licking the walls of the uterus and she will give birth to the latter more likely. After the cow licks the baby to dry, you can simply lubricate the cord with iodine, and that's where your help ends. How long it is to keep a calf under your mother is up to you. You can about 40 minutes, and you can leave for the night, but then when you part the cow "will ask you a rustle" - will yell and rush to the baby.
Personally, I do this: as soon as the baby stands on the legs - I give the cow a warm drink. That's not a lot
mixed fodder or black bread, salt and 500-800gram of sugar. I fill it with warm water and offer it to the cow. This drink has a beneficial effect on her well-being. After that, I wash the udder with warm water and let the baby come to him. I control that he does not overeat and take the well-fed into a separate flock, and milk the cow.
With this approach, colostrum will enter the stomach in the most natural way and there are no problems with either the nipple or the sterilization of the bottle.
You can, of course, milk a cow, and give the baby water from a nipple or a bucket.
If possible, give her a shot of vitamins.
It is important to water the calf in the first hour after birth. As from colostrum it receives a huge charge of immunity, because it contains just a huge amount of antibodies, vitamins, trace elements and other utilities. On the composition of the colostrum, I will certainly write.
To drink a kid must necessarily have a warm colostrum, and that it can not be cooled can be put in a pail in a bucket of warm water, pour warm water into the nipple and pour only before
The norm of colostrum is from 1 to 2 liters per feed. do not force the baby to drink and overfeed it is not necessary. If you do not have a nipple drinker, then you must drink from a bucket, but "with a finger", that is, give him a finger in your mouth and put your hand in milk, he will suck a finger and drink quietly. if the calf swallows like a boa, then it can begin diarrhea from indigestion, because the milk should fall into the stomach, moistened with saliva. fill it with colostrum. To heat colostrum it is possible only in warm - not hot - water. From hot water it can curdle, and will lose useful substances.
In the first days after calving, feed the cow as before calving, limiting feed. Gradually increase the norm of mixed fodder and introduce juicy feed.
If the swelling of the udder is very strong in the cow, then feed it only with hay, limiting the water, and do not give salt for several days.
Milk the first days need 4-5 times a day.
From the excess colostrum, you can make a delicious vitamin cheese: colostrum of two milking dips and bake in the oven, after pies, or on a small heat in the oven.
Sometimes calving is difficult. What to do if the cow calves hard.
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- Cattle productivity