After bursitis, a foot swells on the knee
Bursitis of the knee joint is the inflammation of the synovial bag, which is located at the junction of the muscles with tendons, which are intended to reduce the load on the joints.
The synovial bag is called the bursa and from itself it is a pocket of a small size filled with a small amount of liquid.
Near the knee joints are three synovial bags and any of them can affect bursitis.
A characteristic feature of this disease isan accumulation in the joint bag of exudate, which consists of serous fluid, blood impurities and pus, and in the case of a prolonged absence of qualified treatment, deposits of salts accumulate.
Main reasons appearance of the disease are as follows:
- knee injury. This bruise, bruises and small wounds, which can be when falling or playing football and the like. Very often bursitis develops in athletes, because they are very susceptible to all kinds of injuries and sprains of the knee;
- exorbitant loads on knee joints and stretching;
- infection. which extend to the bursa;
- inflammatory diseases of the joints - arthritis, gout and much more;
- allergic reactions. abnormal metabolism and autoimmune diseases;
- mechanical prolonged irritation of the joint;
- intoxication of the body;
- hormonal failures. In many cases, the pathological process occurs due to a disruption in the production of hormones produced by the thyroid gland.
There are situations when the exact cause of bursitis can not be established even after a thorough examination and collection of anamnesis.
Stages, types and symptoms of the disease
Bursitis of the knee joint has two main stages: acute and chronic.
The acute form of the disease manifests itself suddenly andcharacterized by the appearance of swelling in the knee area. The swelling is painful to the touch and resilient and can be up to 8-10 centimeters in diameter. Around the joint begins to blush skin, the patient's body temperature rises, walking becomes very difficult.
The acute course of the disease begins to gradually change into a chronic form. The pain slowly decreases and becomes less acute, but at times it may intensify.
But not everything is so good, because inside the synovialbags begins to be deposited calcium and its deposits significantly affect the mobility of the joint. However, the patient may at least somehow move around, but during periods of exacerbation of the ailment it becomes difficult to walk. In very neglected cases, it is possible to divide the synovial bag into several cavities in which tissue necrosis areas are formed.
In addition to the two main stages of bursitis in medicine, there are two more stages:
- subacute. The general condition of a person begins to improve, the swelling of the leg and fever decrease. Pain syndrome becomes less pronounced and dull with time;
- recurrent. The process of exacerbation of the disease occurs as the effects of negative factors.
Types of bursitis of the knee joint
Depending on which inflamed bag, located near the knee joint, the following types of disease:
- bursitis prepatellar. Caused by an inflammatory process in a bag with the same name, it is located directly above the knee joint. It is this type of disease that occurs most often. Typically, manifested after a long stay on the knees, which contributes to the development of trauma;
- bursitis suprapatellar. Appears with inflammation of the largest synovial bag. Further development of pathology is accompanied by the appearance of a fluctuating, rounded tumor with a soft and elastic consistency, which can acquire considerable dimensions;
- bursitis infrapathelular. Inflammation of the bag located under the knee cap. Injury of tendons in this area leads to bursitis of the knee joint. To receive such damage it is possible at jumps;
- goose bursa. Often referred to as Baker's cyst and affects people with overweight, most often the disease is diagnosed in middle-aged women. The goose bag is on the inside of the knee joint.
According to the composition of the synovial fluid in the periarticular bag, these types of diseases are distinguished:
- serous bursitis. The bag is filled with serous fluid, and it begins to impregnate surrounding tissues;
- purulent bursitis. The pus appears in the bag, and this kind of disease most often happens in case of acute infection of the bursa;
- hemorrhagic bursitis. Appears due to injury, the bag is filled with blood;
- Baker's cyst. There is a tumor-like benign formation in the lower region of the inner part of the knee. It is usually diagnosed in people who are overweight.
Treatment of the disease can be made by two main methods: medical therapy and folk remedies.
Before the treatment of bursitis should be distinguishedfrom arthritis and in time to determine the specificity of the infection that could cause inflammation. Therefore, first of all, the causes of the onset of the disease are established, and the treatment in each individual case can be as follows:
- acute exacerbation of the diseaseprovide the patient with a leg rest and all movements are prohibited. For treatment, anti-inflammatory drugs are prescribed, if necessary, prescribe pain medication. Sometimes surgical treatment is required;
- if there is a chronic bursitis, then most often perform a puncture followed by removal of the exudate. Then wash the antiseptic or solution with antibiotics cavity synovial bag;
- when diagnosing traumatic bursitis in the cavity of the synovial bag, the doctor enters a hydrocortisone solution;
- during the progression of the process with a purulent form of the disease, the bag is opened and pus is removed from it. But the wound after the operation heals very long.
For the treatment of all types of bursitis of the knee joint, the following methods are also used in medical practice:
- method of physiotherapy. This method consists of paraffin applications, microcurrent therapy, dry warming of the affected area. Used to effectively relieve inflammation from the knee joint, as well as in the treatment of chronic bursitis;
- shock - wave therapy. It consists of courses of five to six sessions, the principle of which is to act on the joint area of high and medium range waves;
- radiation therapy. Has a positive effect on trophic tissue, including relieves the feeling of pain;
- massage. Circular light movements are worked on the muscles of the posterior femoral part, and after - the anterior. Then the area from the knee to the groin is kneaded. Massage movements improve blood circulation in the limbs, which in turn positively affects the condition of the knee joint.
1. Vegetable compress. For the compress, you can take beets, potatoes and cabbage, and these vegetables alternate. The procedure must be done at night. Cut the selected raw vegetable with circles, place them on a clean cloth and wrap it with the affected joint. From above, you should put a film and wrap the knee with a warm kerchief. In the morning, remove the compress. The next evening, make a compress from another vegetable and so until the signs of the disease disappear.
2. Lotions with propolis. 10 g of propolis need to pour 100 ml of 40% vodka and insist this mixture for five days. Then make the lotions on the problem site until the swelling is gone.
3. Tea made from celery. It will strengthen the body and help in the fight against inflammation. Spoon one tablespoon of celery seed with a glass of boiling water and let the tea steep for a couple of hours. Then strain it, and drink it twice a day for two weeks.
4. Ointment from household soap. Grind 100 grams of soap and mix with 120 grams of honey and one finely chopped onion. Prepared the composition evenly distributed on the affected joint, cover the top with a film, wrap with a towel and leave for half an hour. This ointment is good for swelling of soft tissues.
5. Bath with coniferous infusion. Brew in two liters of boiling water and a half kilogram of needles and insist for three hours, then pour the coniferous infusion into the tub and immerse in it for twenty minutes.
6. Seeds of flax. Place the flaxseed seeds in a calico bag and tie them to the problem joint. This procedure is recommended for two weeks.
7. Compress with sugar. Heat the sugar in a dry frying pan, but not in any way, do not melt it. Then pour the sugar into a pouch of dense tissue and apply it to the affected knee all night. In this case, it is necessary to wrap the knee with a warm scarf. The next morning the compress is removed, and the used sugar is thrown away. This procedure is repeated every day until complete recovery.
Also, when the disease worsens, ice cubes can be applied to the knee joint, tightly fixed with a bandage.
Tips for preventing bursitis
To protect themselves from the appearance of bursitis, doctorsrecommend correctly calculate the load on the knee joints. Also, it is necessary to very well handle abrasions and wounds on the knee to prevent infection in them.
Prevention of bursitis of the knee joint
People who engage in contact and extreme sports must timely eliminate the factors that lead to injuries synovial bags.
Do not overload the muscles during classes and protect them with special devices.
It is necessary to protect the knee joints from hypothermia, because this factor can lead to the appearance of the disease.