The right side of the body is swelling


general information
Swelling of the legs is a symptom that is manifested by visible swelling of the lower extremities, an increase in the circumference, and also, as a rule, other symptoms and unpleasant sensations.

There is a huge number of causes of leg swelling. These can be common diseases (for example, cardiac edema of the legs), as well as the pathology of the lower limbs themselves. Leg edema can be one-sided and bilateral, have varying degrees of severity (swelling of the fingers and feet, or up to the thigh). Based on these signs, as well as additional symptoms, the doctor can give the patient a certain diagnosis.

Below we will consider the most common causes of leg swelling.

Excess fluid intake
Sometimes swelling of the legs can occur in perfectly healthy people. They are associated with excessive consumption of water and salt. Most often there are such swelling of the legs in summer in the heat.

During hot weather, people consume large amounts ofthe amount of fluid that enters the blood and does not always manage to be excreted from the body with sweat and urine. If in this case there is a large amount of salt in the food, then, entering the body, it promotes the retention of liquid in it. As a result, the heart stops coping with a large amount of blood, and first of all it stagnates in the lower limbs. Stagnation can contribute to many other factors:
• Overweight: the fat people often swell legs in the summer, as it is more difficult for the heart to push blood through a large amount of adipose tissue;
• The work of many people involves a long stay in a sitting or standing position: in this case, the blood flow is less intense, blood stasis is easier;
• sedentary lifestyle.

In this case, the swelling of the legs may nottestify about some disease. It is enough to reduce the volume of consumed liquid and salt, and they will pass independently. But all the people who have this problem need to see a doctor and consult.

Total information
Edema (swelling) is an excessive accumulationfluid in the organs, tissues and cells. Most often, puffiness is the swelling of the subcutaneous tissue, the so-called edema of the skin. They can be located on different areas of the body, have different sizes, accompanied by various additional symptoms.

Depending on the cause, there are edemas of the following varieties:
• hydrostatic - develop due to the fact that the outflow of blood from the organs is difficult due to the weakness of the heart muscle, the presence of various obstacles to the flow of blood;
• hypoproteinemic, in which, due to the fact that the amount of protein in the blood is reduced, the liquid enters the tissues, to where the osmotic pressure is higher;
• membrane-gene, in which there is a violation of the integrity of the wall of blood vessels, as a result of which the liquid freely leaves them;
• neurogenic - as a result of the nervous system inadequately controlling vascular function;
• inflammatory process - swelling is always an integral part of inflammation of the infectious or allergic nature.

There are a huge number of diseases that can cause swelling.
When the swelling is normal?

A slight swelling of the legs in the evening may wellbe a normal phenomenon. However, this does not mean that in such a situation it is possible to remain idle. It is best to visit the therapist and undergo a survey, take measures aimed at preventing varicose veins of the lower extremities.

Sometimes swelling on the face in the morning is a consequencea lot of liquids drunk at night. It is simply to limit the amount of water consumed, especially at bedtime. You can also limit the amount of salt in the diet. If the swelling still persists, then it's worth visiting a therapist or nephrologist.

Virtually all pregnant women are concernedsmall swelling on the legs during pregnancy. Most often, there is nothing terrible in this. But it is better to visit a doctor of a woman's consultation in order not to miss such a state as gestosis of pregnant women.

Every person is familiar with blisters and smalledema that occurs in the areas of action of allergens: when contacting nettles, after a mosquito bite, etc. These local swelling most often do not pose any danger and pass independently soon after contact with the allergen is discontinued. But sometimes they are huge and require medical intervention. These cases will be considered below.

Heart Disease
To edema can cause any diseaseheart, which are accompanied by heart failure, a condition characterized by the inability of the heart to function normally, to fully perform its pumping functions. Such pathologies, accompanied by swelling, include:
• arterial hypertension;
• increased pressure in the vessels of the lungs due to their diseases;
• Heart valve defects, congenital or due to the transferred diseases (rheumatism, syphilis, etc.);
• Angina pectoris - insufficient blood flow to the heart, which is often accompanied by a violation of its normal functioning;
• myocarditis - an inflammatory process in the heart muscle;
• cardiomyopathy - heart damage caused by metabolic disorders;
• arrhythmias - if the normal heart rhythm is disturbed, even if they have sufficient strength, they are wrong and do not provide normal blood flow.

Edema of the eyelids is a symptom thatis accompanied by excessive filling of the subcutaneous fat of the eyelids and their swelling. It can appear due to various diseases of a local or general nature. Tendency to age puffiness is due to extremely loose structure of subcutaneous fat, a large number of blood vessels and the weakness of the muscles surrounding the eyes and eyelids.

The eyelid edema can be one-sided or bilateral, affect both centuries or be localized on one of them. There are three main types:
  • inflammatory edema of the eyelids - proceeds against a background of reddening, soreness at a touch and rising of a temperature of a skin of blepharons, is more often one-sided;
  • allergic edema of the eyelids (or angioedema angioedema) - proceedson the background of painlessness, itching and is not accompanied by other manifestations, appears suddenly and quickly disappears, is more often one-sided and is located on the upper eyelid;
  • non-inflammatory eyelid edema - flows against a background of normal or paleskin color, painlessness and lack of temperature increase in the skin of the eyelids (the skin can be cool), is more often bilateral and is combined with swelling of other areas of the body, more pronounced in the morning.
The edema of the eyelids can have many different causes:
  • inflammatory diseases of the eyes and other organsviral or infectious nature - conjunctivitis. abscesses of the eyelids, blepharitis. barley. phlegmon of the lacrimal sac, dacryocystitis. pseudotumor, abscesses of the orbit or lacrimal gland, endophthalmitis, iridocyclitis. inflammatory diseases of the paranasal sinuses, SARS, etc .;
  • allergic reactions - to insect bites, to cosmetic and skin care products, to food. on medicinal preparations, on pollen of plants, etc .;
  • systemic diseases - diseases of the thyroid gland, pituitary gland, kidneys, heart and vessels, GIT organs;
  • oncological diseases of the eyes;
  • injuries;
  • violation of lymphatic drainage;
  • irregular day regimen, lack of sleep, eye strain;
  • bad habits;
  • disorders in diet and excess salt in dishes;
  • leakage of cerebrospinal fluid;
  • congenital features of the structure of the eyelids.

Under the swelling is the accumulation of excessiveamount of fluid in the tissues of the body. To date, experts identify several types of this condition, namely, general and local edema. As for the local edema, it is noted only in a limited area of ​​the body. But with a general edema in the human body, four to nine liters of fluid accumulate. Most often this kind of condition signals the development of a certain disease. So, for example, in the case of developing heart failure, the patient first swells around the foot and lower leg, and then the sacrum, waist, subcutaneous tissue, pericardial cavity and peritoneum and so on.

Swelling of the legs, anterior abdominal wall and lower backcan signal and about the beginning of the late stage of cirrhosis of the liver. Most often this condition is accompanied by ascites. With various pathologies of the kidneys, edema is observed in most cases, both on the face and on the entire body. Especially strongly swollen around the eyes. This fact is explained by the fact that the kidneys can no longer remove from the body the required amount of water, not only water, but also salt. The development of puffiness in the pathologies of the kidneys, the cardiovascular system and the liver directly depends on the resulting endocrine changes, which indicate an increase in the production of aldosterone, which is peculiar to detain sodium ions in the tissues of the body. As a result, the body also retains fluid.

Certain areas of the body can swell anddue to hormonal disorders. Especially often this happens in the presence of pathologies of endocrine glands. It is worth noting also the fact that provoking the development of edema can and very long starvation. In the case of thrombophlebitis, the patient is most often noted to have local edema of the tissues. This occurs as a result of a violation of blood circulation through the veins, located just below the thrombus. In addition to puffiness, the inflammatory process can also be observed in the lesion site, as well as the blanching of the skin. Burn. face. furuncle - all these phenomena can also cause the development of inflammatory puffiness.

As for the flow of legs in the presence of varicose veinsthe veins, in this case the process proceeds very slowly. Initially, the patient does not pay any attention to this fact, as the legs swell in the initial stages only after a long stay in the vertical position. In the future, pathology, of course, is progressing. In addition to puffiness, pigmentation on the skin as well as ulceration is observed in such patients. In most cases, with varicose veins, only one, and not both, suffers.

Sometimes swelling of the legs can signalpresence of some other ailment. This can be either thrombosis or deep vein thrombosis or acute or chronic heart failure. Edema on the legs may appear in the case of acute thrombophlebitis of not only superficial, but deep veins. It should be noted that this disease is accompanied by other obvious signs, namely, increased body temperature, pain along the veins, reddening of the skin. There are also cases when the legs swell due to a violation of the outflow of interstitial fluid through the lymphatic vessels. In any case, they always appear for some reason, so leave this fact without due attention is not worth it.

The most common complication afterradical mastectomy is considered to be a swelling of the hand. This fact is due to the fact that during surgery it is necessary to cross a fairly large number of small lymphatic vessels, which are located in the subclavian and axillary regions. As a result, there is a violation of the outflow of lymph by hand. The development of edema in this case is also possible due to scarring of the wound, which remains after such surgical intervention. As a result, about itself lets know lymphovenous insufficiency.

Measures to prevent lymphatic edema of the hand
We note at once that there are a lot of such measures, sothat carefully read each of them. In the first place, it is worth paying the attention of such patients to the fact that they should pay special attention to any even minor swelling in the area of ​​the hand, chest, hand or fingers. In addition, it is very important not to use a sick upper limb to take blood or to inject. To measure blood pressure, you should use a healthy arm or leg. It is especially important to follow all hygiene rules. after bathing the hand must be wiped very carefully, but at the same time very carefully. Dry all folds. In no case can you make a sick hand with sudden movements, and also lift it with gravity. The bag should only be worn in a healthy hand. In addition, it is necessary to abandon all ornaments. For a while, it's better to forget about them and put them aside.

If you wash dishes or bathe, traceso that the water is constantly the same temperature. Do not take very hot baths, or go to a sauna or sauna. Keep an eye out for the sore hand from the sun. To prevent the development of the edema of the hand after a radical mastectomy, you should also protect your hand from cuts and burns. strokes, insect bites and so on. You must be alerted and any symptoms of infection in this area. Doing any work around the house, it is best to wear gloves. For a while, give up and cut off the cuticles with manicure. In case of pain in the arm area, leave all the cases, lie down and lift your arm up. It is desirable to engage in some favorite sport. It can be both light aerobics and yoga. swimming, walking, cycling.

In case you have an air flight, thenbe sure to purchase a compression sleeve of your size. During the flight try to consume a lot of liquid. Of no small importance is the proper selection of a bra. The most important thing is that it does not contain "delays" and that it does not restrict your movements. If you need to remove hair in the armpit area, use only an electric shaver. Observe all the rules of a healthy lifestyle. Do not drink alcohol and do not smoke. You should adhere to a special diet. Eat only those foods. which includes an easily digestible protein. It can be chicken, fish and other food products. And yet, do not forget that the doctor should be visited at least once every four months.

Pulmonary edema almost always develops inthe most unexpected moment, and for a fairly short period of time. In medical practice, there are also chronic and subacute forms of pulmonary edema. The reasons that can provoke the emergence of this phenomenon are abound. This is an increase in vascular permeability, and an increase in the negative interstitial pressure, and increased pressure in the pulmonary capillaries, and the lack of lymph vessels, and a reduction in oncotic pressure.

Various disorders of the cardiovascular systemcan also lead to the development of pulmonary edema. So, for example, in acute left-sided heart failure in the left ventricle, there is a significant increase in the final diastolic pressure. As a result, the left ventricle during systole can not be fully released, which leads to pulmonary edema. In the presence of mitral stenosis, it is noted that very large amounts of blood are expelled into the lungs. It is clear that through the very narrow mitral orifice, all this blood can not pass, which again leads to pulmonary edema. Very often, with puffiness of the lungs in patients with heart failure, there are night attacks of suffocation, accompanied by shortness of breath. This is because, with swelling of the lungs, constriction occurs, as well as airway obstruction.

Various diseases of the respiratory organs alsocan provoke the development of pulmonary edema. Lungs can swell and with uremia, by inhalation of toxic components or smoke, at the time of drowning, with silicosis of the lungs. In the latter case, everything is explained by the incompetence of lymphatic vessels. Sometimes even reactions to certain medications lead to puffiness of the lungs. Most often this phenomenon is observed when applying apressin, furadonin and myelosan. Provoke the development of this condition canalso kidney pathology. liver. hypoalbuminemia, enteropathy, trauma to the skull, drug overdose, rapid ascent to height and so on.

Modern specialists in the clinical courseThis condition is distinguished by three of its forms: lightning, acute, and prolonged pulmonary edema. In the first case, the lungs swell instantly, in the second - for an hour, and in the third case - for one or two days. There are also two main forms of this state. The first form of pulmonary edema is accompanied by increased arterial pressure in the large and small circles of the circulation, as well as an increased stroke volume of the heart. It is observed mainly in patients suffering from aortic valve insufficiency or arterial hypertension. With the second form of pulmonary edema, normal or low blood pressure is observed in the large circulation, reduced stroke volume of the heart, and increased arterial pressure in the pulmonary artery. It occurs most often with acute pneumonia. aortic or mitral stenosis, as well as transmural myocardial infarction. In all cases, patients complain of shortness of breath, rapid heart rate, moderate cyanosis, attacks of suffocation, bubbling breath.

Between the eyeball and the eye socket there isa layer of adipose tissue needed to perform the function of the shock absorber. In medicine, this layer is called periorbital fiber. From the skin of the eyelid it is separated by a so-called ophthalmic septum, which is peculiar to preserve it inside the orbit. A few years ago, scientists were of the opinion that swelling and bags under the eyes are formed as a result of stretching or sagging of the connective tissue membrane or due to the loss of its former elasticity. However, already in two thousand and eighth year the scientists managed to establish that bags under the eyes can appear for two reasons, namely because of the growth or edema of adipose tissue. If the appearance of bags under the eyes is caused by swelling, then in most cases they are especially strong after sleeping. Already towards evening they become almost invisible.

Causes contributing to the development of edema in children
We note immediately that there are plenty of such reasons. One of them is considered to be genetics. If this condition is passed to the child genetically, then it must necessarily be observed at least one close relative. To cause edematous periorbital fiber can also lack sleep, so that children need to be given as much sleep as they want. Salt is another common cause that contributes to the development of puffiness in children. It is very important that parents prepare not too salty food for their loved ones. Salt in the diet of the child should be little, since it is peculiar to detain water in the body. To cause puffiness of the eyelids can also very diverse pathologies. It can be like heart disease. and the ailments of the urinary tract, kidneys. liver. respiratory infections. allergic diseases, inflammation of the sinuses of the nose. The swelling of the eyelids can be observed in vegetative-vascular dystonia. low hemoglobin. increased intracranial pressure, metabolic disorders.

Quite often the eyelids swell and when excessivefatigue of the child, especially if he kept his eyes tight for a long time, sitting at a computer or in front of a television set or reading a book. Surprisingly, eyes can become swollen, even if the child has just a fair skin or has some peculiarities of the structure of the eyes. In such cases, through the skin of the eyelids, the capillary network appears, which causes the development of dark circles and swelling. In hot weather, the eyelids also swell quite often.

To rid the child of this pathologicalstate, one should pay special attention to his way of life. First of all, it is necessary to provide him an eight-hour sleep, as well as daily walks in the fresh air. The child must necessarily engage in some kind of sport, which can distract him from studying, and also strengthen the defenses of his body. If you have a computer at home, try to limit the child's stay after him. In the event that your child has any chronic pathology, it should be cured, and as soon as possible. From time to time, it is necessary to conduct courses of therapy and some herbal preparations that are endowed with a calming effect. Only by following all these rules, you will be able to save your child from bags, as well as swelling under the eyes.

The risk of edema in future mothers directlydepends on the period of pregnancy. The longer the period, the higher the probability. All swelling is the result of excessive amounts of fluid in the body and they are observed predominantly in the lower parts of the human body. If you believe the statistics, today this condition is observed in about seventy-five percent of pregnant women.

The reasons for the development of puffiness in this period areReally enough. In the first place, it should be noted that in the body of every future mother, so-called additional blood is formed. In addition, the uterus grows in pregnant women, which in turn leads to compression of pelvic veins, as well as a large vein, which is located on the right side of the body. It is these veins that receive blood from the lower parts of the body. As a result, the person has a slow process of blood circulation. Since the blood can not normally circulate, this leads to the fact that the fluid begins to accumulate in the tissues of not only the legs, but also the ankles. Sometimes, future mothers are noted and an excess of water in the body, which can also cause swelling.

How dangerous is the swelling in pregnancy?
In most cases this phenomenon is notDanger does not carry, especially if the lower part of the body swells. If the edema is noted in the face area, and it persists for a sufficiently long period of time, then the pregnant woman should as soon as possible get to a specialist's consultation. The fact is that such swelling, accompanied by high blood pressure. can signal the onset of late toxicosis of pregnant women. This pathological condition can not be ignored. In such cases, expectant mothers are most often placed in a hospital and kept under constant supervision.

In case the future mummy swells the lowerlimb, then it is necessary to follow some rules every day. So, for example, such women are advised to move more. The fact is that a sedentary lifestyle will only increase swelling, but constant movement will help prevent excessive accumulation of fluid. It is also important in such cases to lie only with legs raised upwards. On the day, pregnant women should consume at least three liters of water. This is explained by the fact that when there is a shortage of fluid, the body involuntarily begins to hold it. As a result, swelling. It is very good to perform every morning and special physical exercises. Try to minimize the use of food products, which include a large amount of sodium. This and salted nuts, and olives and other products. If you want to lie down, then lie down on the left, and not on the right side. Before you get out of bed early in the morning, first put on your high-waisted tights. They will help prevent stagnation of blood in the area of ​​the ankles.

In conclusion, we note that most oftena few days after giving birth, this condition disappears by itself. This is due to the fact that immediately after the birth of a child, a woman loses a sufficiently large amount of fluid.

Laryngeal edema often manifests itself in the backgroundboth inflammatory and non-inflammatory lesions of this organ. The location of the edema in this case are the places of accumulation of loose submucosal larynx cellulose. This can be both the surface of the epiglottis on the side of the tongue, and the vestibular folds, the lining space, and also the scaly folds. This state can be either diffuse or limited.

What are all the same reasons for the development of this disease?
Laryngeal edema can occur as a result ofchemical, mechanical or thermal trauma of the larynx or mucous membrane of the pharynx, and against the background of an allergic reaction, pathology of the cardiovascular system or kidneys. acute infectious disease. The development of this pathological condition can be caused by collateral swelling, which arose due to pathological changes in the pharyngeal region or in the cervical lymph nodes. Neoplasms in the larynx and phlegmon of the neck with acute or phlegmonous laryngitis can also provoke swelling in this area.

What are the symptoms of this pathology?
With the development of edema of the patient's larynx,to disturb very various symptoms. Everything depends both on the location of the edema, and on its severity. Sometimes patients feel only minor pain and discomfort in the lesion. In others, a very sharp difficulty in the process of breathing can be noted. In such cases, there is a significant stenosis of the laryngeal lumen. When carrying out laryngoscopy, it is possible to see a diffuse or limited tumor in the form of a tumor, endowed with a pale pink tinge. In addition, these patients have no contours of the details of the larynx.

What are the methods of treating laryngeal edema?
In patients with laryngeal edema in all casesis placed in a hospital. The fact is that with this disease it is quite possible for a very rapid increase in the lesion, which can provoke stenosis of the larynx, so that patients should always be under the supervision of specialists. The patient with this disease in the first place give pieces of ice, which should be swallowed constantly. In addition, an ice pack is applied to the neck. Used in such cases, and distraction therapy involving the use of cans and mustard plasters, as well as holding hot foot baths. The patient is allowed to inhale oxygen, as well as inhalation of antibiotic aerosols. You can not do this without the help of dehydration therapy, diuretics, antihistamines. In some cases, even intranasal novocaine blockade is used.

In fact, cerebral edema in the modernmedical practice is quite common. This condition can be caused by a variety of reasons. Sometimes it arises from even an ordinary cold. influenza state or acute respiratory viral infection (ARVI). The most important thing in its development is to quickly identify it and begin a truly effective treatment.

What is the swelling of the brain?
Edema of the brain is a disease,accompanied by the accumulation in the tissues of not only the head but also the spinal cord of a very large amount of water. This fact is due to a violation of the normal movement of water, as well as a metabolic disorder in the human body. We note right away that this pathology is extremely serious and dangerous. It is peculiar in the first place to provoke an increase in pressure in the area of ​​the skull. In addition, it causes a disorder of consciousness. Especially dangerous is the swelling of the brain stem. as in such cases there is a serious violation of respiratory function and blood supply. In addition, against the background of this disease, the syndrome of infringement or displacement of the brain can also develop.

What are the symptoms of swelling in the brain?
In the first place, a person beginsnoted excessive drowsiness, as well as the difficulty in orienting not only in its general state, but also in the surrounding space. It is quite possible in this case and a complete loss of orientation, even when talking with other people. Often, these patients are noted and convulsions, as well as some other violations of respiratory and cardiovascular performance.

Therapy of cerebral edema is in the majoritycases conservative. It is aimed primarily at reducing intracranial pressure, normalizing the normal process of breathing and circulation. Reduce the pressure of special diuretic drugs. In the case of a prolonged absence of treatment, patients may also experience disturbances in the functioning of the cerebral cortex. Such patients should be provided with complete rest, that is why they are prescribed a strict bed rest. It is also important to note the fact that in the room in which the patient is, all the time there should be a free flow of air. If the general state of health worsens, the patient is taken to the hospital for dehydration therapy. This method of treatment is based on intravenous administration of a solution of sodium chloride, as well as a solution of magnesium sulfate and glucose. Most often in the fight against this pathological condition, medicines such as hypothiazide, cortisone, fonurit, prednisolin, merkuzal and some others. It is possible that the patient will be prescribed and special antihistamines such as pinnacle. Increasingly, with the implementation of edema therapythe brain is used and ganglioblokiruyuschie drugs. Most importantly, do not forget that with the development of this very serious disease, you must act without delay.

In most cases, edema is noted in suchareas of the body as pleural and abdominal cavity, limbs, subcutaneous fatty tissue, scrotum and pericardial bag. In the case of development of puffiness, not only an increase in the volume of a certain part of the body, but also a change in its shape is observed. Fight swelling can be very diverse ways, including through traditional medicine. Right now, you will be presented with some recipes of traditional medicine, which can be used to combat edema of various origins.

The first recipe is this: it is necessary to take one or two tablespoons of birch leaves and steam them for sixty to one hundred and twenty minutes in half a liter of boiled water. Obtained infusion filter and take inside the third part of the glass in the morning, at lunch, in the evening and before going to bed. It is best to take this folk remedy before eating. With it, you can get rid of not only from puffiness, but also from difficulty urinating.

The fruits of parsley are also considered to be vegetablean excellent diuretic by means of which you can significantly reduce the swelling of certain areas of the body. From this plant is best to prepare a special infusion. The recipe for its preparation is simple enough: you need to take one tablespoon of fruit, pour them two cups of boiled water and leave for eight to ten hours to insist. After this, the infusion is recommended to strain and take one tablespoon throughout the day. If there is no time to cook the infusion, then just take the fruits of parsley, thoroughly chop them to a powdery form and take the resulting powder one gram three to five times a day before eating. The necessary amount of powder should be drunk with boiled warm water.

Perfectly cope with edema and leaves bearberry. Take one tablespoon of raw material and steal it for one hundred and twenty minutes in one glass of boiling water. It takes such an infusion in the amount of one tablespoon three times - four times a day. It should be noted that the infusion of the bearberry leaf is inherent not only diuretic, but also disinfectant, as well as antiseptic action, so that it can treat such pathologies as chronic cystitis. as well as inflammatory diseases of the kidneys and bladder.

A sycamore is another medicinal plant,which has found its wide application in the fight against puffiness for a very long time. In this case, we need the roots, as well as the grass of this plant. Of these, you should prepare a special broth: we take one tablespoon of raw material, fill it with one glass of boiled water and leave to infuse for two or three hours. The resulting product is filtered and we take two to three tablespoons three to five times a day.

Do not get along with people who have swallowed certainparts of the body, and without the grass of the mendicant. The recipe for the preparation of infusion from this plant is quite simple: take one or two tablespoons of herbs of this medicinal plant and steam it in two glasses of boiled water for one hundred and twenty minutes. The received product is received in half a glass three times a day in a warm form. It should be taken before meals.

As with general malaise, and with one or anotherpathology, they often quite often let themselves know about swelling. They are a swelling of the tissues, which arises from a pathological increase in the amount of interstitial fluid. Interstitial fluid in turn is formed in most cases from blood plasma and accumulates with a very rapid transition of fluid into interstitial space or into anatomical cavities from the vascular bed.

The body of each person is about one thirdconsists precisely of a liquid. Approximately seventy percent of it is in the cells, but the remaining thirty percent are in the intercellular space. It should be noted that the cellular and extracellular fluid are in a constant relationship. They exchange not only carbohydrates, but also vitamins. proteins, amino acids, as well as fatty acids and some other useful substances. For all this, the volume of both cellular and extracellular fluid remains the same all the time. And in the unchanged form is not only their volume, but also the composition.

It should be noted that the extracellular fluidit is inherent to subdivide into a blood plasma and a liquid, the location of which is the intercellular space. By means of blood plasma, metabolic products are transported to the sites of their release and consumption. But thanks to the fluid in the intercellular space, metabolic products get from the blood into the cells. Excessive accumulation of fluid between cells just the same and causes the development of edema.

Local edema manifests itself mainlywith pathologies of lymphatic vessels, veins or allergic diseases. But the general edema is formed due to renal pathology. gastrointestinal tract, cardiovascular system or liver. In allergic pathologies, as a rule, the face is swollen. This puffiness is called angioedema. But in the case of narrowing of the inferior vena cava, both lower extremities flow. Such an edema is called bilateral. Isolated edema of the limb can be observed both in venous