Swell on the skin appear
On how important it is to keep the accuracy of movements inhands and flexibility of fingers today do not need to explain to anyone. But, unfortunately, most older people are faced with the fact that they begin to swell their fingers, which lose their mobility and can no longer perform the usual actions. Sometimes the same problem arises in young people who play sports or who spend all their time at the computer. Causes that can cause swelling of the fingers on the hands are not so many, but in most cases, treatment should be started immediately, otherwise the small joints of the hand can be completely deformed.
Why the fingers are swollen
Small finger joints can swell due totrauma, arthritis or arthrosis, allergies or overstrain of muscles and ligaments. To distinguish one disease from another is quite difficult, therefore, at the first signs of the disease, it is necessary to seek medical help.
- Arthritis - Acute or chronic arthritis most oftencauses swelling of the fingers. Chronic arthritis is typical for the elderly, especially for those who have been engaged in heavy manual labor for many years, often have supercooled or suffered from viral and infectious diseases. Chronic inflammation develops gradually, fingers gradually lose their flexibility, joints increase in volume, deform, hurt during the cold season or with changing weather. Most often, patients suffering from chronic arthritis, turn to the doctor during an exacerbation, which in its symptoms is very similar to acute arthritis. Acute arthritis occurs at any age, including in children. The cause of inflammation of the joints can be a viral or bacterial infection - angina, influenza, acute respiratory infections, enteritis or any other. Infectious agents cause inflammation of the small joints of the hand or foot, arthritis may occur 1-2 weeks after recovery or for no apparent reason. Patients with arthritis feel a strong pain in the fingers, which turn red, swell and lose mobility. The pain increases with the movement of the fingers, the joints "creak" and deform. Exacerbation of a chronic or acute inflammatory process is accompanied by an increase in body temperature, general malaise, headache and weakness.
- Osteoarthritis - earlier it was believed that this diseaseonly people over the age of 50 suffer, but in recent decades the number of young people suffering from arthrosis of the fingers has been increasing. Hereditary predisposition, trauma and microtraumas, metabolic disorders or endocrine diseases lead to the fact that elastic cartilage located between the bones of the finger bones begins to collapse. The cartilage plate is necessary to ensure the slipping and damping of bones, its destruction causes inflammation and swelling of the joints. Most often, the terminal phalanges of the fingers and the lower phalanx of the thumb begin to hurt the first. Gradually impaired mobility of the fingers, there is pain during movement, the joints look swollen and deformed. If the disease does not begin to heal at an early stage, finger stiffness or chronic arthritis may occur.
- Injuries - fractures, dislocations and subluxations of fingersare very common. In this case, the fingers very quickly, "swelling up" in the eyes, severe pain, especially when the injured hand moves, swelling and hemorrhage in the tissue.
- Open wounds - if the tumor appeared on the finger with a cut,piercing, biting the animal or any other skin damage, the cause of the tumor is purulent inflammation. Especially dangerous it can be at deep wounds, pollution by the ground, rust or an animal bite.
- Syndrome of "restless fingers" - often swollen fingers from programmers or people,forced all day to make monotonous movements of fingers - seamstress - motorist, text-typing and so on. Constant tension causes inflammation of the tendons and ligaments, which can gradually spread to the joints.
- Allergy - less often the joints on the fingers are swollen due toallergic reactions. In this case, not only the joints swell up, but also the whole fingers, there is itching, swollen eyelids, face, on the skin there may be rashes or redness.
- Other causes - sometimes the fingers swell afterlong walks, exercise or in the evening. Causes of edema is a violation in the work of the cardiovascular system or kidneys. With such diseases, the joints do not swell - the fluid accumulates in the subcutaneous fat, but because of this, the fingers are bent worse, which sometimes misleads the patients.
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What to do if swollen joints in the hands
Treatment of inflammatory ordegenerative-dystrophic diseases of the joints should be carried out only according to the doctor's prescription, since not everyone can independently distinguish arthrosis from infectious arthritis, and the treatment for these diseases is different. Before contacting a doctor, you can:
- if the pain in the joints is caused by overexertion or trauma - apply a cold compress and provide hands full rest;
- inflammation of the joints - lubricate the affectedplaces with non-steroidal anti-inflammatory ointments: voltaren, nurofen, nimulide, fastum. It is also possible to take NSAIDs in the form of tablets: diclofenac, ibuprofen, piroxicam, indomethacin, ketorolac and so on;
- at an allergic inflammation quickly to remove an edema and an itch it is possible by means of a tablet of a suprastinum, klaritina, loratodin, ketotifen and so on.
As home remedies for swelling of the fingers use:
- Baths with essential oils, eucalyptus oil,sandalwood, calendula and so on - into the tub with warm water and a few drops of essential oil (5-10 drops per 1 l) immerse the affected limb for 10-15 minutes;
- to apply to the affected joints crushed onion or fresh, crumpled leaves of cabbage, a compress made of greens make every day for 30-40 minutes;
- rub your fingers with fir oil;
- rub the Kalanchoe tincture into the inflamed joint.
All of the above mentioned funds can only bring temporary relief, and to get rid of the disease without going to the doctor can not do.