In the initial stage of kidney disease edema is localized
Kidney disease with prolonged and persistentprogression leads to kidney failure and death. To prevent pathology, treatment should be initiated at the initial stages of the disease.
Symptoms of the disease folk remedies are difficult to eliminate, therefore, pharmacological treatment with pharmaceutical preparations is recommended.
At the slightest changes in the general analysis of urine, doctorscheck the kidneys. The most popular method for detecting diseases of the urinary system is ultrasound scanning. If urolithiasis is suspected, an overview and intravenous urography is recommended. This method of diagnosis involves an X-ray examination of the kidneys after intravenous administration of a contrast agent (urographine, omnipac).
Renal colic requires immediatehospitalization in a hospital. The tactics of its treatment are determined immediately, depending on the state of the urinary system of the patient. Symptoms of renal colic occur due to the departure of the stone from the bowl-pelvis system and when the concrement moves downward. The pain syndrome in the disease is caused by obstruction of the ureter and the creation of an obstruction for the passage of urine.
There are other kidney diseases - pyelonephritis,glomerulonephritis. They are caused by inflammatory lesions of the glomeruli. Their treatment is carried out by antibiotics in combination with symptomatic means. Consider the common diseases of the kidney tissue and the tactics of their therapy.
Degenerative diseases of the kidneys and renal colic
Degenerative diseases of the kidneys are accompanied bydefeat of functional tissue, glomeruli and capillaries. Against this background, it is difficult to filter toxins from the blood into the urine. With a long course of degenerative diseases lead to kidney failure due to increased amounts of urea and creatinine in the blood.
Against the backdrop of metabolic disorders is formedurolithiasis disease. It is combined with gout, impaired calcium and phosphorus absorption, rheumatoid arthritis and other autoimmune conditions (systemic lupus erythematosus, scleroderma, Hashimoto's thyroiditis). When the stone is localized in the ureter and does not reach 0.5 mm in length, it may not cause severe symptoms, but it is better to treat the disease in the initial stages. If the concrement will be retained in the bladder and kidneys for a long time, it will become larger. When the formation moves down the urinary tract, renal colic appears. It is characterized by severe pain in the lower back and lower limbs.
The main symptoms of kidney disease (renal colic):
- Sharp and severe pain in the lower back;
- Attacks are cramped and spread along the ureter from the back down;
- Pain in the abdomen and genitals;
- Irradiation of pain in "fights" in the lower limbs.
In the presence of renal colic, you should immediately call an ambulance. If the attack continues for a long time, it will lead to a painful shock.
Exchange kidney disease and urolithiasis
Exchange kidney diseases appear on the backgroundmetabolic disorders. For example, with gout violated the metabolism of uric acid. It is delayed in the joints, leading to arthritis and arthrosis. Urates accumulate in the kidneys. Urinary stones in urolithiasis are found in people whose food is saturated with animal products. Phosphate and oxalic concrements are observed in vegetarians.
Because of the relationship between urolithiasis and the dietSome urologists recommend changing the dietary regime as the main mechanism for treating pathology. If the diet is dominated by animal fats, it is recommended that vegetables and fruits be eaten. On the contrary, vegetarians should think about the presence of animal fatty acids. Such therapy is very effective, as there is a change in the acidity of urine. Accordingly, alkaline stones dissolve in acid urine. Conversely, with an increase in the alkalinity of urine, neutralization of acidic stones is observed.
Urolithiasis - the main symptoms of kidney disease, whose treatment is conservative:
- Renal colic;
- Back pain;
- Nausea and vomiting;
- Increased blood pressure;
- Turbidity of urine;
- Impurity of blood.
An unbearable pain syndrome for several hours leads to a person's panic sense of fear for his life. The complication of the clinical picture of the disease is the difficulty of urination.
Inflammatory Kidney Disease: Symptoms and Treatment
Inflammatory diseases of the kidneys, the symptoms of which occur gradually, are similar to other infections:
- Increased body temperature;
- Fatigue and headache;
- Loss of appetite.
The most common inflammatory diseases of the kidneys are pyelonephritis and glomerulonephritis.
Pyelonephritis is an inflammation of the renal pelvis andcups. Usually, the infection affects the cup-and-pelvis system on one side. If the disease is not detected in time, you can count on a two-way process over time. Painful sensations against the background of the disease are caused by irritation of the nerve fibers located in the renal capsule. Pain with pyelonephritis is aching. It increases with urination and hypothermia. When using antibacterial agents for a while, the pain syndrome disappears, but after a few weeks it arises again.
When inflammation of the renal pelvis occurs against the background of a urinary tract infection, there is frequent urination and stitching when urinating.
Symptoms of glomerulonephritis are formed in the backgroundinfectious and allergic changes in the body. The penetration of bacteria into the renal tissue causes not only a local lesion. With inflammatory changes in the glomeruli of the kidneys, a specific immune response is formed, in which the glomeruli are affected by their own antibodies. Against the background of pathology with urine, a large number of proteins and leukocytes can be released. The infection is characterized by the simultaneous damage of both kidneys.
Symptoms of glomerulonephritis are manifested not only by changes in the kidney tissue. Against their background, secondary changes are formed in other tissues:
- Increases blood pressure;
- There is a withdrawal of fluid from the body, which leads to the formation of edema;
- Because of the large loss of fluid formed hydrocele (anasarca);
- Sweating of fluid into the pleural cavity leads to pleurisy and difficulty breathing;
- If glomerulonephritis is not treated, it leads to brain edema and death.
Thus, the symptoms of kidney diseaseare serious enough, therefore their treatment should begin immediately after revealing the first signs of metabolic, degenerative or inflammatory changes.
Treatment of kidney diseases: drugs and folk remedies
Treatment of kidney diseases with pharmaceutical preparations is carried out in combination with the following procedures:
- Dietary food;
- Gentle mode;
Treatment of kidney diseases with conservative agentsis performed with minor concrements or inflammatory diseases. Urologists prescribe drugs to relieve spasms and improve the retention of urine: papaverine, no-spa, drotaverin.
In the presence of sand and stones in the urinary tract, you need to drink medicines that dissolve the stones - cystone, phytolysin, kanefron.
Treatment with folk remedies is rational only when combined with medication. Kidney diseases are alleviated by the use of cranberries, diuretic and antispasmodic herbal remedies.
Diet with kidney stones
Diet with kidney stones allows to normalize the acid-base state. Against this background, dissolution of the stones is observed. The basic principles of a diet for kidney diseases:
- Drink plenty of fluids;
- Eat foods with a diuretic effect: melon, watermelon and pumpkin;
- When swelling and high blood pressure should monitor the daily volume of fluid;
- Stew and meat products facilitate the work of the kidneys;
- Sour milk products restore the flora of the urinary tract;
- It is forbidden to eat salty foods, smoked products and spicy foods.
Dietary nutrition should be combined with medications: uroseptics, antibiotics, antihypertensive drugs and diuretics.
In the presence of kidney failure is appointeda therapy aimed at removing toxins from the blood. For this purpose, hemosorption is used - purification from toxins, intravenous injections of antibacterial drugs.
If the above procedures do not bringeffectiveness, to prevent renal failure, surgical treatment is performed. Obviously, kidney diseases need to be treated in a timely manner, since they are not cured in the advanced stage. Therapy with folk remedies of kidney pathology, never leads to the elimination of stones or inflammatory diseases.
If the kidneys hurt in the morning, in the evenings, at night and during movement, obviously, the presence of a serious disease. Our practitioners are special for.
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