Edema with burns treatment
Burn - damage to the skin, tissues, and in severe cases andmuscles, human bones under the influence of fire, electricity, steam, chemicals. Types and severity of burns can be different, so first aid and subsequent treatment is also different.
- Kinds of burns
- Degrees of burns
- First aid for burns
- Treatment of burns
Burns by type are divided into:
- Thermal (flame, hot metal surfaces, hot steam, liquids)
- Electrothermal (lightning, electric current sources)
- Chemical (acids, alkalis, household chemicals)
- Solar (solar radiation)
By severity Burns are divided into 4 degrees:
First degree burn severity is characterized by damage onlythe top layer of the epidermis. As a rule, the regeneration of such a burn occurs quickly, redness and swelling quickly go away, and a few days later the burn does not leave a trace.
Second degree burn affects not only the epidermis, but also the growth layer. On the skin, blisters, redness, swelling are formed. The second degree burn is accompanied by severe pain, it takes 8-14 days to restore the skin.
Third degree burn damages the epidermis, the growth layer and the dermis. The recovery period after such a burn can take up to 2-3 months. Healing of the skin occurs only for 10 days after injury, after the rejection of all dead tissues. A third degree burn often requires serious medical intervention. Such damage does not pass without a trace, on the skin can remain scars and scars.
Burn IIIb and IV degree - one of the most serious skin lesions,which is a threat to human life. Healing of such a burn occurs only on 4-6 weeks after melting and rejection of all dead tissues. Damaged skin is covered with a granulation tissue, very tender and easily vulnerable, which gradually compacts into a scar. With burns IIIb and IV degree complete recovery is impossible, the skin is healed only by scarring.
First aid for burns. If the burn is small, shallow and shallowpainful, first aid for burns can be done independently. However, if the 1st and 2nd degree burn occupies a surface more than 5 cm, it is necessary to consult a doctor. The first medical aid for burns of 1-2 degrees with a lesion of 10% of the body, with burns of 3 degrees, with the appearance of blisters and severe swelling is made only in a medical institution. Do not yourself treat the burn in the groin and buttocks, face and neck. Eye burn and mucous membranes require immediate hospitalization. Eye burns, chemical burns, and burns from smoke inhalation require immediate medical attention.
After a 1-2 degree burn, it is recommended to take the following measures:
- Cool the damaged area. This can be done by holding a burned place under a stream of cold water until the pain subsides, and if this is not possible, then a cold compress can be applied to the damaged area of the skin. Cold water or a compress prevents the appearance of edema. Do not apply ice to the scorched place to avoid frostbite and more damage to the skin.
- To put on the burn sterile gauzea bandage that not only protects the burned place, but also restricts oxygen access to it, and also reduces pain and protects the blisters from injury. The dressing should be free and do not squeeze the burn.
- Take an anesthetic, for example, aspirin, naproxen, ibuprofen, analgin and their analogues. Do not give children as an analgesic aspirin.
What not to do with burns:
- Apply ice to the wound
- Use a variety of ointments, creams that can interfere with normal healing
- Blistering, this can lead to infection in the wound
Light burns, as a rule, do not requiremedical intervention, but at the first signs of infection in the wound, you should immediately consult a doctor. A light skin burn heals without any medication, but to increase the rate of regeneration of damaged tissue, you can use panthenol, which is freely sold in the pharmacy in the form of foam or cream. Eplan, ointment from burns, suitable for the treatment of all types of burns of 1-2 degrees. After healing at the burn site, a discoloration of the skin is possible - this is a normal process. This place should be protected from direct sunlight, try to avoid re-injuring it in order to avoid the increase in pigmentation.
First aid for a third degree burn:
- The first thing that the victim or the witness of an accident should do is call an ambulance.
- Check if the victim is exposed to further heat or smoke.
- Do not tear down or remove the remnants of burnt clothing, so as not to further damage the burned area.
- Do not immerse the victim in cold water in large areas of damage. From such actions, a person can develop a shock state.
- The burned area should be provided with an elevated position so that it is above the heart region.
- With small burns, you can apply a cold compress or a bandage on the burned area.
- If the victim is conscious, it is necessary to give him warm water. It will help restore the water balance in the body.
- If there are no signs of breathing, cardiovascular resuscitation should be started immediately.
Dangerous chemicalsStore in tightly closed containers in places inaccessible to children. When working with chemicals, use protective equipment: glasses, gloves, special clothing.
All electrical appliances must be technically sound and should not be left unattended. All electrical appliances must be carefully hidden from children's eyes.
Do not spend much time in the sun, especially in thenoon, when it is most active. It is during this period that the risk of sunburn remains very high. On the beach, use sunscreen for face and body.
Burns in children and their treatment.
The most common in children are thermalburns, which are formed by exposure to the skin of hot liquids, hot metal surfaces and open flame. Burns with boiling water and chemical burn are the most common in children who are left unattended by their parents. The classification of burns in children is the same as for adults, but the baby's skin burns faster and harder even with the same effects of temperature. The smaller the child, the heavier he suffers a burn.
At the first inspection,determining the degree of severity of the injury, often in children there are burns of mixed types. Even with minor burns, the child may develop shock. The principle of first aid to a child is the same as that of an adult. In case of severe burn, the child must be hospitalized. Newborn children should be necessarily hospitalized for independence of the severity of the resulting burn. If an infection is found in the wound, the treatment of the burn is performed with the help of Vishnevsky's ointment. Cooling the burn leads to less pain, swelling and depth of the wound. However, it should be remembered that it is necessary to cool only the wound, and not the child, who at the time of first aid should be wrapped. Thus, the burn must be cooled, and the child is warmed only by wrapping, but not by additional sources of heat.
Folk remedies for burns are applied onlywith minor burns, which do not pose a danger to the health of the victim. At home, you can prepare a burn remedy that will effectively affect the wound and help its rapid healing. In addition to a cold compress, a cabbage leaf, pieces of fresh potatoes, pumpkin gruel can be applied to the wound. Aloe juice, non-alcoholic calendula tincture, decoction of oak bark, fresh honey applied to the wound, will help reduce inflammation, swelling and relieve pain.