Lack of magnesium swelling
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Magnesium (Mg) - one of the most widespread in naturechemical elements. The serial number in the periodic table is 12, the atomic weight is 24.32. Magnesium is a white metal that is oxidized in the air, covered with a thin matte film. Magnesium easily burns when heated, turning into burnt magnesia with the formation of a magnesium flash. Such people used to take photographs.
Most magnesium salts are readily soluble in water. The content of a large amount of magnesium in the water gives it a bitter taste. Especially a lot of magnesium derivatives in sea water, drinking water contains magnesium ions in a certain amount.
Its name, according to one version, magnesium receivedfrom the city of Magnesia, in the vicinity of which there are rich deposits of magnesite mineral. Even in the XVII century pharmacists were able to isolate salt from mineral water, and pure magnesium was obtained only at the beginning of the XIX century.
Magnesium in the human body
Magnesium is one of the most important micronutrients, it issignificant amounts are contained in all tissues of the body. Magnesium participates in most enzyme reactions, it controls the energy of the organism, an irreplaceable trace element in protein synthesis.
The magnesium content in the human bodyis about 0.05% of body weight, an average of 22-25 g. Most of all magnesium contains bone tissue, it is also present in muscle tissue, in the tissues of internal organs: heart, liver, kidneys, brain.
The daily need for magnesium depends on the massthe human body. The average daily requirement of magnesium is 6 mg per kilogram of weight. Women need magnesium slightly less than men (300 and 350 mg respectively). During growth, pregnancy, the body's need for magnesium is increased to 15 mg / kg body weight. In the elderly and senile age, the body also has an increased need for magnesium, since at this age the body absorbs magnesium worse.
Magnesium is to some extent contained in allcells of the human body. Its major importance as a trace element is that it is a universal regulator of physiological and biochemical processes in the body. It participates in the preservation of the ionic equilibrium of body fluids, participates in the metabolism of phosphorus and carbohydrates, and is part of almost 350 enzymes: creatine kinase, adenylate cyclase, phosphofructokinase, K-Na-ATPase, Ca-ATPase, protein synthesis enzymes, glycolysis, transmembrane ion transport. Magnesium participates in the process of neuromuscular excitability and affects the processes of thermoregulation of the body.
It plays a crucial role in regulationcontractile function of the myocardium, thereby controlling the normal operation of the heart muscle. Magnesium is sometimes called the heart mineral, thereby emphasizing the cardinal importance for heart health.
Magnesium is irreplaceable for metabolic processesphosphorus, calcium, sodium and ascorbic acid. It is known about the active interaction of magnesium with vitamin A. In the periodic system of Mendeleev magnesium is adjacent to calcium, and in the human body it takes an active part in maintaining the normal level of calcium, thereby contributing to the physiological strength of the human bone tissue.
Magnesium is of great importance for the functioning of the nervous system. A good supply of the body with magnesium guarantees a person a good tolerance of stressful situations, suppression of depression.
What threatens the lack of magnesium in the body
Since magnesium is contained in almost allcells, its deficiency leads to negative consequences for the whole organism. Its deficiency can be diagnosed in itself for some symptoms. Muscle spasms and cramps, heart disease, insomnia, nervousness, a feeling of tension throughout the body, constipation, joint disease. All these different symptoms combine one thing - tension. Deficiency of magnesium leads to stress in all organs and systems of the body.
For the cardiovascular system, a permanentdeficiency of magnesium threatens to increase blood pressure, coronary heart disease, arrhythmia. Magnesium helps relax the heart muscle, preventing a heart attack. The lack of magnesium increases the risk of a stroke. Against the background of a lack of magnesium, vegetative-vascular dystonia develops. Many problems with the nervous system are caused by magnesium deficiency: depression, fatigue, irritability.
Spasms in the bronchi may be caused by a defectmagnesium. In the same way, its deficiency affects the function of the gastrointestinal tract. Diarrhea or constipation, nausea, a feeling of heaviness in the stomach are often caused by a spasm of the gastric muscles. Taking magnesium removes these symptoms, facilitates the condition. Magnesium is part of many laxatives, it helps to relax the intestines, enabling it to function normally.
Occurrence of oxalate stones in the kidneys oftenis caused by a lack of magnesium. Its deficiency increases the risk of occurrence and development of cancers. Swelling associated with fluid retention in the body, from which many people suffer for years without any apparent cause, are often triggered by a lack of magnesium.
Magnesium plays a huge role in the body of women. Premenstrual syndrome with its unpleasant symptoms can be removed from the agenda, if you make up for the deficiency of magnesium in the body. Many problems during pregnancy can be avoided if you follow the level of magnesium in the body. The threat of miscarriage is removed, the pressure is normalized.
Magnesium is an important microelement for women's beauty. Premature aging, associated with the problems of collagen metabolism, is often caused by a lack of magnesium. Its deficiency can lead to diseases of connective tissue, which causes premature aging of the skin. Hair loss, brittle nails - problems with beauty, from which you can get rid of, taking magnesium in sufficient quantities.
Often increased bone fragility, destructionteeth are associated with a deficiency of magnesium. Bone loss often affects older people, because in old age the body needs higher doses of magnesium, and many older people do not make up for its age deficit.
Magnesium improves carbohydrate metabolism,activates the formation of proteins. Children with excess weight always have a decreased level of magnesium, which leads to the development of insulin resistance, which is the first step towards the development of diabetes mellitus. The risk of developing diabetes in adults with a deficiency of magnesium is not less than in children.
Excess magnesium in the body
It would be wrong to believe that in the bodymagnesium should be as much as possible. Its excess leads to no less unpleasant consequences than the deficit. However, to achieve a supersaturation of magnesium can only be in the case of improper, uncontrolled intake of medicines containing magnesium. "Overeat" foods rich in magnesium, it is impossible. Diagnosis of excess magnesium can be done in hospitals based on the reaction after intramuscular administration of magnesium preparations.
Excess magnesium can lead to deficiency of calcium and phosphorus.
Products that contain magnesium
Most magnesium is contained in plantfood: raw cereals, legumes, nuts, bananas and vegetables of dark green color. A lot of magnesium in dates, dried apricots, apricots, prunes. They are rich in fish, especially salmon varieties, squid. Good news for sweeties: cocoa beans contain a large amount of magnesium, which means that natural chocolate is useful for replenishing magnesium. Halva is on the list of foods rich in magnesium.
A lot of magnesium in cereals, such as millet,buckwheat, oatmeal. Whole grain bread from unprocessed grain, wheat bran contains magnesium in large quantities. All the greens - spinach, parsley, lettuce leaves, dill - is rich in magnesium.
Among the meat products can be identified beefLiver, veal, pork and rabbit. It is useful to eat cheese to fill the deficit of magnesium and sour-milk products. Heat treatment reduces the magnesium content of many food products by 80%.
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