Edema hypertension treatment
Diower refers to diuretic drugs. I will discuss its application instructions in more detail.
• What is the composition and form of the release?
The medicine is made in round white tablets,They are biconvex, there is a chamfer and risk, in addition, engraved "915" on one side. The active substance is torasemide in the amount of five milligrams.
Excipients Diver: lactose monohydrate, corn starch, sodium carboxymethyl starch added, silicon dioxide colloidal, and some magnesium stearate.
Another type of tablets is also white, butengraving is represented by the inscription "916" on one side of the medication. The active substance is torasemide in a dosage of 10 mg. The medication is packed in blisters and in cardboard packages. To store for storage it is in an inaccessible place for children, where the temperature does not rise more than 30 degrees. The suitability of the drug is three years. You can buy it by prescription.
• What is the Diver's action?
Diver - loop diuretic, under the influence of itactive component, there is a decrease in the reabsorption (reverse absorption) of sodium ions, so-called aldosterone receptors are blocked directly in the myocardium.
The active compound of torasemide in insignificantdegree leads to hypokalemia, that is, the content of potassium in the bloodstream decreases. The maximum diuretic effect can be expected three hours after the drug is consumed.
Diuretic effect persists throughout18 hours. Medication can be used for quite a long time. Torasemide is completely absorbed from the digestive tract. Its maximum concentration is reached in an hour after internal reception. Bioavailability - 80%. Binding to proteins is more than 99%.
• What are the Diver's indications for use?
Diver is prescribed for arterialhypertension, in the presence of edematous syndrome of various origin, including heart failure, with lung diseases, as well as liver and kidneys.
• What are Diuver contraindications for use?
I will enumerate, when the preparation Diver (tablets) the instruction on application forbids to use, these are the following states:
• In case of renal insufficiency, which occurs with anuria (absence of urine);
• With hepatic coma;
• With acute glomerulonephritis;
• With dehydration;
• When breastfeeding;
• In the presence of severe hypokalemia and hyponatremia;
• In violation of outflow of urine of any origin;
• Up to the age of eighteen;
• With severe intoxication with drugs from the group of cardiac glycosides;
• With aortic stenosis, as well as with mitral, proceeding in decompensated form;
• With hyperuricemia;
• In case of hypersensitivity to substances present in the medicinal product.
With caution Diver is used for hypotension,with stenosing atherosclerosis, hypoproteinemia, in addition, with prostatic hyperplasia, with diarrhea, with diabetes, with gout and with anemia.
• What are the applications and dosage for Diower?
The drug is consumed once a day, usually inmorning hours after a breakfast, while you need to drink the medicine with a small amount of boiled water. On average, the dosage is 2.5 - 5 mg, if necessary, the doctor gradually increases the amount of the drug, if necessary up to 200 mg / day.
The drug is usually used for a long time. In the elderly, dosage adjustment is not carried out.
In case of an overdose of the drug, an increaseddiuresis, which leads to a decrease in bcc, electrolyte balance is disturbed, followed by a decrease in blood pressure, in addition, it is joined by drowsiness, confusion. There is no antidote. The patient is symptomatically treated.
• What are the side effects of Diuver?
Diuretics Diower can causethe following side effects: hyponatremia, metabolic alkalosis, hypochloremia and hypokalemia, joins headache, muscle weakness, confusion, convulsions, cardiac arrhythmias, decreased blood pressure, nausea, orthostatic hypotension, vomiting, collapse, tachycardia, hypercholesterolemia, hypertriglyceridemia, there is an acute retention of urine, in addition, a decrease in potency, as well as blood in the urine, interstitial nephritis.
In addition to the listed undesirable effectsuse of the drug Diver can cause liquid stool, intrahepatic cholestasis, hepatic enzymes are increased, the appearance of acute pancreatitis is possible, there is a reversible hearing disorder, paresthesia.
In addition, dermatologicalchanges, they are usually expressed by skin itching, urticaria develop, rash, the appearance of erythema multiforme, inflammation of the vessels, exfoliative dermatitis, eosinophilia, photosensitization (increased sensitivity to UV rays), as well as severe anaphylactoid reactions up to the development of shock.
If the manifestations of these manifestations are excessive, it is urgent to consult a qualified doctor.
• What are Diver's analogues?
Analogues include such medications: Torasemide, Britomer, Torasemide Canon, in addition, Trigrim.
We examined how and how cardiacinsufficiency, edematous syndrome, arterial hypertension - tablets treatment Diver, instructions for use, use, indications, contraindications, effects, side effects, analogs, composition, dosage of this drug. The diuretic remedy is recommended for the purpose of the treating specialist.