Edema around the joints
When to see a doctor
- If the swelling lasts more than seven days.
- If, along with edema, redness of the skin around the joint and an increase in local temperature are also noted.
- If, in addition to edema, there is an increase in overall temperature or chills.
- If arthritis was previously identified, but the onset of edema is not associated with it and differs from previously observed disorders.
- If swelling develops after a joint puncture, consult a doctor immediately.
What are your symptoms?
After a fresh injury, the swelling of the joint develops due to a slight internal bleeding. Under the influence of blood, the skin and other surrounding tissues are stretched.
In addition to the newly borne trauma, a number of otherfactors can cause swelling of the joints, for example, a relapse of the old trauma with the accumulation of some amount of fluid inside the joint. (In some people, a previously damaged joint behaves like a barometer, reacting with swelling to weather changes.)
Another cause of arthritis is arthritis. If you have swelling (and sometimes pain) in any joint for more than six weeks, it is most likely due to arthritis. (Arthritis can also develop without visible signs of swelling.)
If not only the puffiness of the joint is noted, butalso reddening of the skin around it and a noticeable increase in temperature, this means the development of inflammation. Bacteria, viruses or fungi - any microorganisms that can penetrate through the damaged skin into the joint, cause inflammation. Nevertheless, even in the absence of infection, joint inflammation can occur with arthritis or trauma.
If damage to the joint should be borne in mindfollowing features. If the pain begins to decrease and you feel that you can again use the joint after 24 hours, then you are already recovering. During this period, you can use some tips. They will help you bring the swollen joint into a normal state.
Use cold. The first weapon in the fight against edema is ice. Put the ice in a plastic bag or wrap it with a towel and apply it for 15-20 minutes to the affected joint three times a day.
Give the joint a fixed position. It is possible to immobilize the swollen joint of the finger with the help of an adhesive tape. Attach one end of the adhesive tape to the tip of your finger, wrap your finger with a tape and secure the other end of the tape to your palm.
When swelling the joint of the toe, use the adjacent finger as a tire. For this, you just need to wrap both fingers around the tape.
With respect to the use of tires,one caveat. You can afford to keep the tire on your fingers for no more than one or two days. After this, it is necessary to see the doctor. If you keep the joint in the tire for a long time, the case may end up because the joint becomes inactive. This is called contracture due to flexion.
How to behave with edema associated with arthritis
If you suffer from arthritis, you do not need everyIf you have swelling of the joint, consult a doctor, unless you have a pain or an accompanying temperature that does not exist earlier. Before the next visit to the doctor, you can take some actions yourself to reduce the swelling.
Warm Sore Place. With the re-occurrence of edema of the joints due to arthritis, the heat acts more efficiently than the cold. Leave ice for acute injury.
Maintain the necessary amount of motion in the joint. Exercises with the help of a smooth varietymovements in the joint can preserve its function. Try to make soft movements in different directions within the available limits. While maintaining the mobility of the joint, excessive efforts should be avoided. In addition, before starting the classes, you need to get a doctor's permission.
During a variety of movements in the joints, the harmful products that form during inflammation are removed. These products from the joint fall into the lymphatic system and are excreted from the body.
In case of prolonged swelling, the doctor may referyou to a specialist in physical methods of treatment. This specialist will prescribe you a treatment with ultrasound for calming effects on the affected joint. Ultrasound penetrates deeply into the affected tissue around the joint, improves blood circulation and promotes healing. This procedure is completely painless.
Take a thorough treatment of the infection. In the case of an inflammatory infectious process injoints and associated edemas, your doctor will prescribe a course of treatment with appropriate antibiotics. When treating at home, you should keep in mind some tips.
Avoid using ice. Instead of an ice pack for infectious damageThe joint needs to use moist heat. Ice causes narrowing of blood vessels and helps to maintain infection. Heat leads to the expansion of blood vessels. Thanks to this, blood cells have the opportunity for more free access to the affected area. Some types of infection are successfully eliminated even through the surface of the skin while applying moist heat. Therefore wrap the joint for 20 minutes soaked in hot water and wrung out towel.