Why there is swelling
When and why there is swelling
Svetlana. There are several reasons that can lead tothis. increased permeability of the vessel membrane; • Decrease in the content of protein and electrolytes in the blood, due to which the osmotic pressure decreases and the fluid ceases to be retained in the vessels. It is characteristic for kidney damage, when the protein passes into the urine and decreases its content in the blood, or for damage to the liver, when protein synthesis is disturbed. It can also occur during fasting; a dysfunction of the valve veins: when the venous blood can not move at the right speed and in sufficient amount to the heart, it stagnates and excess water is simply pushed out of the vessels. This kind of edema is characteristic of varicose veins and explains the occurrence of edema in the lower parts of the body, where the blood is hardest to move upward; lymphatic edema is caused by the influx of lymph to the site of the injury or occurs when the lymphatic vessels are damaged or removed, lymph drainage is disturbed (and it forms in all tissues and consists mainly of the intercellular fluid, it cleanses our body of tissue decay products). It is the lymphatic edema that most often occurs with injuries, infections and inflammation. Cellulite is also a problem caused by stagnation of lymph in the tissues; neurogenic edema occurs when nerve fibers are damaged, when the vessels receive incorrect information about the need to increase or decrease the permeability of the vascular wall; with inflammation, allergy or traumatism, there is an accumulation in the tissues of osmotically active substances that "suck" the fluid from the vascular bed. With tissue trauma, edema is compensatory, and not only is one of the symptoms of the lesion. Liquid leaves the vessels, increases the distance between cells and capillaries, reduces the amount of oxygen suitable for cells, and thereby slows down metabolic processes in tissues, preventing the development of a pronounced local reaction that would inevitably lead to cell death and the development of tissue necrosis. However, with prolonged edema, oxygen starvation in itself causes irreversible degenerative (destructive) processes; violation of cardiac activity, when the rate of blood transfer is disturbed, the blood stagnates in the tissues and excess plasma is pushed out of the vessel.
Svetlana. Swelling of the feet - quite commonphenomenon, especially in women. But many consider this to be only a cosmetic problem that arises from the consumption of large amounts of liquid. Meanwhile, there are many causes of edema of the legs and not all of them are harmless. The most elementary reasons are fatigue of feet, heat, consequence of a bad habit to throw a foot on a foot, pregnancy. More serious - flat feet, stasis of lymph, varicose veins and beginning problems with the kidneys. Finally, if the ankle legs are swollen, this is an occasion to conduct a serious medical examination, since they can be the first alarming symptom of such a serious disease as heart failure. Most often, such edema occurs in elderly people who suffer from chronic cardiac diseases. For young, the more common causes of edema of the legs are problems with the vessels. It is possible to suspect varicose veins if there is such a heredity in the family, visible enlarged capillaries or veins on the legs, or if swelling is accompanied by heaviness in the legs. In any case, instead of independently diagnosing yourself and searching for the cause of edema, it is better to consult a doctor. And even better, a few - a therapist, phlebologist, cardiologist. If the cause of edema is orthopedic, then in this case, the proper selection of shoes is very important. Do not choose like shoes with high heels, and completely without a heel. It is best if it is comfortable shoes, on a small heel, while it should be wide enough for the toes to be in a natural position. A great help in solving the problem of varicose veins and accompanying edema can be the daily use of therapeutic compression tights or golf, which help the vessels to be toned, preventing stagnation of blood and contributing to its better outflow. They are manufactured in such a way that the strongest compression falls on the bottom of the legs, and the weak one on the upper part, which contributes to the natural circulation of blood. Manufacturers give preference to tights and golf, as wearing a stocking for varicose veins is contraindicated, since they overtight the hips and, consequently, the vessels of the legs, thus creating an additional problem for the circulatory system. In order to remove from the body excess fluid, you can use decoctions of medicinal plants. A very effective remedy for swelling of the legs and kidneys is infusion of bark and elderberries. With the already available varicose nodules on the legs, it is possible to impose on them steamed elderberry leaves. Also a good diuretic is decoctions of birch leaves and kidneys, from lime flowers, and field horsetail extract. Tired and swollen feet can be helped by wiping them with ice slices or making a bath for the feet. For 5-10 minutes, lower your legs into cold water, then lightly tweezers massage the swollen areas from the bottom up. In cold water, you can add sea or salt, at a rate of 2 tbsp. spoons for 1 liter of water, or a few tablespoons of pine extract. Put your feet in the healing bath for 15-20 minutes - swelling will disappear, and fatigue will immediately remove it! To remove leg swelling, you can use garlic. Chop the garlic head, and pour a glass of boiling water. The present chilled slurry rubs the swollen places, and after 30 minutes rinse with cool water. It is very important, in the presence of varicose veins, to avoid taking hot baths or a hot shower. Such water expands the blood vessels and promotes stagnation of blood. To prevent edema and heaviness in the legs, you should regularly perform a set of simple exercises: put the right foot on the left and lift as high as possible of the toes of the left, then right foot; * stand on your toes and wait a few seconds; * Move the weight of the body from the heel to the toe, from the outside of the foot to the inside and vice versa; * Make 5-10 light jumps on tiptoe; * sitting on a chair, raise your legs and make circular motions with your feet; * Bend your toes down, and then sharpen them upwards. Very useful in the fight against edema of the legs is the use of special ointments - troxevasin, heparin ointment, essain gel, lyoton, etc. The routines and heparin contained in them strengthen the capillary system.
Svetlana. In the evening, any shoes become small, and in the morningwithout tears can not look at yourself in the mirror? Edema is a frequent and often not dangerous problem. But doctors have a different opinion. As you know, a person approximately 70% consists of water. About 2/3 of the total fluid volume is inside the cells, 1/3 - in the intercellular space. An increase in the volume fraction of the latter is called edema. The reasons can be many, but in any case it is a signal about the malfunctions in the body. And often belated: excess fluid can reach several liters, before a disease begins to manifest itself clinically. So we learn the main rule: propensity to edema is an essential reason to consult a doctor. But to which one? LOCAL LEGS Inflammatory. Most often associated with inflammatory diseases of the veins (phlebitis or thrombophlebitis). Legs turn red, seem hot to the touch, hurt at rest and with palpation. Most often, such edema develops only on one leg or arm. WHAT TO DO. On a visit to phlebologist it is better not to delay. The problem is not in swelling, but in the main disease: the formed thrombi can come off and go into the "big" bloodstream, causing a blockage of various vessels, up to the pulmonary artery. Allergic. Develop very quickly - for example, a few seconds after the bite of an insect (a classic example - a blister after a mosquito bite). Often accompanied by itching and redness, it is possible the appearance of small-scale rash. The edema is tight, the skin seems taut. WHAT TO DO. Local allergic reaction is not a reason for panic. It is enough to lubricate the bite site with an anti-inflammatory ointment with corticosteroids and to drink an antihistamine pill. But the general reaction, called Quincke's edema, as well as anaphylactic shock, are extremely serious, requiring immediate medical intervention. It is almost impossible to help oneself in this situation. In the future, an allergist will consult in order to know exactly their "problem" allergens. When there is a violation of venous outflow. Swelling is usually mild or moderate in thickness, the skin is warm, with a bluish tinge. In this case, the signs of the underlying disease are evident, that is, varicose veins. Localization - either on one leg, or both, but then the swelling is uneven (asymmetric). Occur after a working day or load (for example, if you have stood for a long time). WHAT TO DO. You can help yourself by various means - from wearing compression knitwear and using contrast baths to applying gels with heparin. But it is better, if even such simple means of treatment will be picked up by phlebologist. And then it will control your condition at least once every six months. How to treat varicose veins - read here. When there is a lymphatic outflow. Edema is tight, with pressure, the fossa does not remain. First, the ankle swells, then the shin, sometimes the knee. Then another leg swells, but not so distinctly. In most cases, there is a clear boundary between the swollen and non-swollen parts of the limb. Skin color does not change. Such edema is practically independent of the load and time of the day, they are kept constantly and most often are associated with age-related changes in lymphatic vessels after 40 years. WHAT TO DO. Lymphatic edema is one of the most difficult. At least because they do not remove the usual means at home. Nevertheless, phlebologists every year there are more and more drugs, and hardware cosmetology has moved far ahead. So we will not put up with the costs of age, go to the doctor. Premenstrual edema. Appear clearly on the calendar, in the second half of the cycle, and reach a maximum before the onset of menstruation. Their development is associated with a deficiency in the function of the yellow body. Edema symmetrical, in the region of the ankles, in hot weather are more pronounced. May be accompanied by headache, weakness, sleep disturbance, increased irritability and wolfish appetite. All symptoms disappear after menstruation. WHAT TO DO. If such edemas do not cause special troubles, you can simply follow the basic rules that mitigate the symptoms of PMS. But it is better to consult a gynecologist-endocrinologist: there is a possibility that in your case you can choose effective medications. GENERAL SHOTS Cardiac. Caused by the development of heart failure. Appear gradually, their appearance is preceded by a more or less prolonged period of dyspnea. "Cardiac" edema is always symmetrical: first the ankles (with swelling in the morning), then the swelling can go up to the hips. The skin in the zone of the swelling is stretched, cold to the touch, pale blue. WHAT TO DO. Without a visit to the cardiologist can not do. He will select the main treatment, among which will be drugs that help reduce edema. Independently they will not pass never. Kidney. They are associated with various kidney lesions and are caused by sodium retention in the body, along with which water is retained. A characteristic feature - soft, dough-like edemas appear in the morning, after sleeping, most often on the face, less often on the hands. The oedematous skin is dry, pale, sometimes shiny, atrophic. Another characteristic symptom is "floating" swelling, which moves fairly quickly when the body position changes. Sometimes swelling occurs after a person ate a good piece of watermelon. WHAT TO DO. Diuretics can be drunk only if there is complete confidence in the absence of kidney pathology. Otherwise, the therapy should appoint a nephrologist with a view of the kidneys: too many nuances. At least give an urine test and do not delay the visit to a specialist: with the kidneys do not joke.
Svetlana. I eat watermelon again faced with a problemedema. 4 EARLY CHALLENGES OF THE TABLES • The rings on the fingers in the morning are dressed freely, and in the evening they are very hard to remove. • In the evening it is difficult or impossible to wear narrow shoes or other hard shoes. • Without apparent cause, the weight increased by several kilograms per month. • If you press your thumb on the front of the lower leg, there is a hole that does not straighten for a very long time. THE SECRET IS BECOMING EXPRESSLY A very unpleasant problem is hidden swelling that occurs with many diseases. As the name suggests, a person can not suspect them for a long time until the situation worsens. Only a doctor can reveal hidden swelling - for this there is a diagnostic test, the so-called McClure test. 0.2 ml of physiological solution is injected intradermally into the inner surface of the forearm. In a healthy person, resorption occurs in 60-90 minutes, if there are hidden swelling, 30-40 minutes is enough.
Katyunya. Svetlana save for old! there is something to think about!
Svetlana. Dyspnea? Swelling? Too much water? The cause of discomfort may be fluid retention. But what causes this delay? Fluid retention in the body Experts agree that if water stagnates in the body, then it is retained by salt. Many women experience this problem about a week before the menstrual period. A woman's body is a smart system. When it becomes apparent that the ovum has not been fertilized, the progesterone level decreases. This causes the body to store excess salt and liquid. More serious types of edema can be caused by kidney disease, liver disease or even heart failure. But many healthy women find that menstruation usually accompanies edema as a result of changes in the level of hormones observed before menstruation. However, there are quite obvious ways to avoid this. Below, experts suggest a few tips on how to avoid fluid retention. How to treat fluid retention in the body? Eat apples. Combine apples with other fresh fruits. "Nature has made us happy with the vast variety of edible products that have been salted in moderation," says Charles Tiff at the Medical School at Boston University. Choosing natural food, you can maintain the sodium intake at a level acceptable to health. Eat fresh fruits, vegetables, cereals, etc. but reduce the consumption of processed foods. Processed food is the main source of sodium in our lives. Avoid chips, canned foods, such as soups, and any products with the addition of salt. When sodium intake is limited, the amount of circulating fluid in the body is less, since sodium promotes water retention. Take away the swelling. One of the typical consequences of water retention is swelling in the ankles. "Steady work and staying still can lead to a swelling in the ankle area at the end of the day," says Dr. Tiff. Charging will help control the process of removing fluid from the body, thus reducing the swelling of the lower limbs. This is one of the most natural ways. Walking, running, cycling, climbing stairs and aerobics are useful exercises. They contribute to the reduction of calves, the compression of veins and the elimination of edema of the legs. However, be sure to consult with the therapist before moving to a new program. Walking, running, cycling, climbing stairs and aerobics are useful exercises. They contribute to the reduction of calves, the compression of veins and the elimination of edema of the legs. However, be sure to consult a therapist before proceeding to a new exercise program. The power of vitamins. Some people find that vitamin Be helps to get rid of excess fluid. "Vitamin Be is considered a natural diuretic and can be useful, especially if it is taken before menstruation," says urologist Mae Wakamatsu of the Massachusetts General Hospital. She recommends taking 100-500 mg of vitamin a day. The best source of Be is bananas, poultry and avocados, in addition, spinach and lean meat. Sweet potatoes and figs also contain a small amount of vitamin. Caution: you may encounter the development of unsteady gait and numbness of the feet, if you take more than 50 mg of vitamin Be for a long time. Wear socks. Wearing a supporting stocking helps in solving the problem of foot swelling. Wear them in the morning, as later the ankles may swell. Eat lean meat. "Consumption of a sufficient amount of protein helps to avoid water retention." If your body receives little protein, there may be a too low protein concentration in the blood plasma, which leads to swelling of the tissues, "says Brian Wallace, director of the Center for Applied Physiology and Nutrition in Orlando, Florida. . Dr. Wallace recommends eating lean meats, for example turkey or chicken, and omelettes from egg whites are a good source of protein with a low fat content. If you are a vegetarian, this is somewhat more difficult, since you need to combine different amino acids to get a high-grade protein diet. Raise your legs so that the fluid circulates Gravity is one of the factors that causes leg and ankle edema, says Dr. Tiff. To avoid this, try lifting your legs up. In this case, make sure that they are located above the heart. "The lower limbs are easier to get rid of edema, as the fluid can move to the main system and then be excreted in the form of urine," he said. "Often in women, especially older than 60 years, swelling of the ankle," - adds the urologist Wakamatsu. She recommends lying wherever you feel comfortable. You can lie on the sofa with a book on your lap or on the carpet in front of the TV. Make sure that you lie on a level surface with your legs raised. "An armchair with a folding back does not fit, unless it allows you to stretch out to the full length and raise your legs," she notes. Try to hold in this position for at least 1-2 hours. "The longer you lie holding your legs above your heart," says Dr. Wakamatsu, "the more fluid will come out of the ankles, and your body will get rid of it." Drink more. Although you might think that the increased consumption of water at a time when it is delayed in the body, can adversely affect your health, it is not. Think about it: our body is 70% water. "People often do not get enough moisture," says Dr. Wallace, "and this can be a big problem." He believes that a person should drink eight to ten glasses of water a day and even more if he does physical exercises or physical labor.