Swelling of the genitals after childbirth
Postpartum period begins with the release of thelasts about eight weeks. During this period, changes in the sexual organs, in the nervous, endocrine and cardiovascular systems occur in the female body.
This is due to the fact that during pregnancy andsorts in the body there were certain changes and now the body returns to its original state, i.e. undergoes the reverse development, which is called involution.
Exceptions are the mammary glands, since in the postpartum period they are in reverse, the maximum development is associated with lactation.
At this time, the greatest changes areuterus. Immediately after birth, the transverse size of the uterus is 12 - 13 cm and it weighs 1 kg. By the end of the postpartum period, after about six to eight weeks, the size of the uterus becomes as before pregnancy and it weighs only 50-60.
In the first weeks after childbirth, rejection occursthe mucous membrane of the uterus. These allocations are called lochia. The first three - four days they are light red and quite abundant. After four to five days they resemble a serous - sucronic liquid, and in ten days - the lochia become liquid and light, without blood. After three to four weeks, only mild excretions remain, and after 6 to 8 weeks they cease completely and together with them the postpartum period ends.
About a week after delivery, there is swellingexternal genital organs and heal ruptures. In the ovaries maturation of the follicles begins. In those who do not breastfeed, the sixth and eighth week is followed by menstruation. In women who are breastfed, menstruation is absent for several months or throughout breastfeeding.
Three to four days after the birth in the mammary glands begins to produce milk, which comes to replace colostrum.
During the first hours, a woman who has given birth experiences fatigue and drowsiness. This is due primarily to physical and psycho-emotional stress during childbirth.
Food in this period should remainbalanced, in the diet should be more vitamins and minerals (zinc, iron and calcium). Contraindicated in the reception of canned food, spicy foods and alcoholic beverages.