Edema of the kidneys is what it is
Duplication of the kidneys is a congenital pathology,which in most cases is observed in girls and the bowl is one-sided. The reasons for this phenomenon are very different. Doubling of the kidney begins to be laid and develop in the child still in the womb of the mother.
Doubling of the kidneys. What it is?
The kidneys in the human body are pairedbody. They perform the function of removing toxins from the body. Everyone knows about this. But not everyone has heard about the fact that there is a doubling of the kidney. What it is? This division of the body into two halves, joined together poles. Each part is provided with its own blood supply system. Outwardly, this kidney is much larger in size. The development of pathology occurs during the period of intrauterine development.
Doubling of kidneys in children is the most frequentcongenital anomaly of the urinary system. A modified kidney does not pose a threat to human life, but is often the cause of other diseases.
This structure has the shape of a funnel thatis formed as a result of the fusion of large and small cups of the kidney. It is in the pelvis that urine accumulates. The surface of the inner part of the pelvis is covered with a mucous membrane. In the wall of the pelvis there are fibers that perform peristaltic contractions, as a result of which urine drains down the urinary tract.
Due to the impenetrability of the walls of the pelvis and ureters, the liquid with substances dissolved in it never leaves the cavity of the peritoneum, but always remains within the urinary system.
Sometimes a person is diagnosed with a complete doublingkidney. What it is? This is an abnormal phenomenon, when the kidney is divided into two parts by a groove. The upper and lower lobes stand out, the upper part most often underdeveloped and smaller in size. Each of them has its own artery and its own cup-renal pelvis, which is usually underdeveloped in the upper half. There are also own ureters. Each goes separately and ends in the bladder with its mouth. Perhaps the confluence of one ureter in another.
So, instead of one there are two separate buds. In itself, the full doubling of the kidney does not bother the person, therefore, it is not necessary to treat it. But it leads to other diseases.
Problems arising when the kidney is doubled
Often in one half of a doubled organ canbegin to develop some disease. Complete doubling of the kidney can provoke pyelonephritis, urolithiasis, nephrosis, polycystosis. It happens that the mouth does not flow into the ureter, but into some other organ. They can be the rectum, cervix, vagina. In this case, a person can feel how urine constantly flows from the ureter.
This pathology is observed when a personone large kidney is formed with clearly marked upper and lower sections. Each of them has its own renal artery. H, each part of the doubled organ does not have its own bowl-pelvis system, they have one in two departments. The ureter is two, but they are connected to each other and into the bladder flow into a single trunk like one.
In medical practice,when more often there is an incomplete duplication of the left kidney, and not the right one. Most people with such anomalies live to the very old age, unaware of its existence. Incomplete doubling of the kidney does not cause inflammation in the organ.
If the pathology does not manifest itself in any way, thatSometimes, when a person has an incomplete doubling of the left kidney or the right one, it is not important, one may not know about the anomalous development of this organ. It is detected by chance, during an ultrasound examination of some other organ located next to the kidney. Often in a newborn baby, doctors diagnose kidney doubling. The reasons for this phenomenon can be very different. Let's consider some of them:
- Radioactive exposure of the fetus in the womb, if her work activity throughout the pregnancy period takes place at an enterprise whose production cycle is associated with irradiation.
- Predisposition by inheritance, if one or both parents have a doubling of the kidney. What is it is described above in this article.
- Poisoning with drugs during child bearing, including hormonal.
- The presence of bad habits in a pregnant woman: the abuse of alcohol, drugs, etc.
- Often and regularly manifested avitaminosis inpregnancy time. There are many places on our planet where vegetables and fruits do not grow because of harsh climatic conditions. But even there the women live and give birth to children. So the future mother suffers from a shortage of vitamins and minerals. Well, if all goes well, and the child will not have such a disease as doubling the kidney. The reasons, of course, may be others, but this can be excluded for the sake of the future baby's health.
If no survey was conducted, whenthe person was a child, the kidney is doubled, usually after the inflammatory disease of the organ begins or accidentally, during a preventive examination with the help of diagnostic devices. First you need to do an ultrasound. If this is not enough, the doctor prescribes other methods.
When a person does not have a pathology, then inhis body has only two ureteral orifices: one for each kidney. If the doctor suspects a doubling of the kidney, the patient is assigned cystoscopy. With its help, it is determined how many ureas have a ureter: if three, then the diagnosis of "doubling the kidney" was confirmed. To determine the size of the increase in the kidney and to detect the presence or absence of the third cup-renal pelvis and an additional ureter, the doctor prescribes excretory urography.
Doubling the kidney does not manifest itself in any way. It does not need to be treated until it causes another disease of this organ. The signs of doubling the kidneys are different. Usually inflammatory processes are characterized by:
- Increase in temperature.
- Weakness and swelling.
- Nausea and vomiting.
- Regular headaches.
- Increased pressure.
- A murky shade of urine.
- Inverse outflow of urine.
- Discomfort and pain in the lumbar region.
- Urinary incontinence.
- Unpleasant sensations when urinating.
- Renal colic.
- Occurrence of infection in the urinary canal.
Appear all at once signs or each separately, will depend on the disease.
Duplication of the kidneys is characterized by complete orincomplete division of the body into two parts. If it does not bother the person, you do not need to do anything. It is enough to lead a healthy lifestyle and regularly undergo preventive examinations. This pathology provokes inflammatory processes in the kidney when it is completely doubled. Even in this case, there is no point in doing a complicated operation to correct the defect. He throughout life can not cause human anxiety.
Therapeutic treatment is usually used whendiagnosis of a serious illness, for example, pyelonephritis, if it was caused by this anomaly. When the disease turns into a chronic form and can not be treated with conservative methods, then a surgical procedure is used, which is aimed at correcting the cause that caused the complication. But always try to keep the kidney. It is removed only when it has completely lost its efficiency.
If during the examination there was a doublingkidneys, do not need to panic. This diagnosis is not fatal. When the organ pathology does not bother, it does not affect the quality of life of a person. We need to closely monitor their health:
- Refuse bad habits, if any,: quit drinking, smoking, taking drugs.
- Change work if it is associated with chemical agents.
- Urgently switch to the right balanced diet.
- Strictly follow the regime of work and rest.
If one of the relatives observesThe doubling of the kidney, what it is, is known to the whole family. Therefore, when a woman of your kind will be carrying a child, you need to take this period with double attention. A child in the womb of a mother must develop, receiving the necessary vitamins. A woman must protect her health and not take alcohol, drugs, medications that can cause poisoning of the child.