Swelling of the internal organs of the abdominal cavity
Metastases are defined as secondary focimalignant tumor growth, arise from the underlying malignant tumor and spread from it in various ways. Clinical research in the field of oncology has shown that metastasis of malignant tumors has definite ways of development: lymphogenous, hematogenous, implantation and mixed.
The lymphogenous pathway is the penetration of cancer cells intoa lymphatic vessel and transportation of their lymphatic fluid to the nearest or distant lymph nodes. The hematogenous pathway through the blood vessels leads to the formation of metastases in distant organs. Also, implantation metastases are released, spreading when cancer cells enter various body cavities containing a liquid, for example, into the abdominal cavity.
The fluid spreads the cancer cells that have been trapped, theysettle and implant on the surface of the walls of internal organs located in the peritoneum. To reveal the nature of the tumor, a method of sampling the contents of the cavity (puncture) is used and cytological examination of atypical cells is carried out. Oncologists also describe the existence of dormant metastases of the abdominal cavity.
They are carried by the human body in any way,grow extremely slowly, do not show their activity for a long time. If they are detected early enough, surgery is prescribed, and for the prevention of recurrence and destruction of the remaining metastases, patients undergo chemotherapy. Timely appeal to a doctor, it will be a very prudent act, as the growth of dormant metastases can begin at any time.
For this,stress. hormonal imbalance, climate change, solarium visits, where prolonged exposure to ultraviolet rays increases the growth of neoplasms. With very high accuracy, the diagnosis of metastases of the abdominal cavity is performed using the method of magnetic resonance imaging, which allows obtaining layered images of internal organs.
At its base, human irradiation with electromagneticwaves in a strong magnetic field, their fixation and processing by means of a computer. The removal of metastases is usually done by radiation therapy, ion radiation almost completely destroys tumor cells. It can be used to irradiate the entire cavity of the peritoneum or a certain zone in which they are located.
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In cases where metastases are not available forscalpel of the surgeon, use the method of stereotactic radiosurgery. As a result, the metastatic tumor is irradiated from three sides by 1400 beams of high-power ionizing radiation at different angles and is destroyed for good without recurrence of the disease. Healthy tissues around the tumor are not affected, it is possible because of the high accuracy of the Cyber knife and the unique computer guidance system.
The operation is performed on an outpatient basis, lastingwithin 30-40 minutes and does not require more than 5 procedures. Of course, no course of treatment can not do without drug therapy, including painkillers and anti-inflammatory drugs that eliminate the main symptoms. They relieve pain, remove seizures, and eliminate swelling. Also in the complex treatment are chemotherapy drugs designed to destroy tumor and metastatic cells.
Abdominal cavity and organs located in itcovered with a specific thin tissue - peritoneum. One of the functions of the peritoneum is the allocation of a certain amount of fluid designed to protect the internal organs from gluing together and to ensure free movement of the intestinal loop.
Tumor processes, due to the spread ofmetastasis on the peritoneum, disrupt the absorption of fluid into the peritoneal tissue. Accumulating, the liquid causes ascites and, as a consequence, increases the abdomen. Metastatic abdominal cavity - a complex space, a dense location of vital organs require special methods of treatment.
Treatment of metastases in the abdominal cavity
Surgical treatment is aimed at removalmetastasis, it is possible in the operation of a very complicated operation, continuing for several hours, which is associated with a high incidence of complications. Thanks to the development and improvement of technologies, a hyperthermia method based on the action of high temperature, successfully used in operations to remove metastases in the abdominal cavity, appeared in most cases without side complications.
Why is it necessary to follow the main tumorto delete metastases? According to statistics, the majority of patients suffering from oncology of the peritoneal cavity, who had metastases removed, were completely healed. Most importantly, for success in the treatment of cancer - its early detection, because, as experience shows, patients turn to doctors when the cancer reaches the operable stage. Therefore, every effort should be made to ensure that the help is timely, and that no patient has a fourth stage of cancer.