Swelling of soft tissue after surgery
- HIV infection
- HBS, HCW
- Clinical analysis
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Before the operation, professional hygiene of the oral cavity is necessary.
If the operation is performed with an anesthesiologist, it is necessary to come with an accompanying person, or the operation will be canceled.
Recommendations for surgical treatment
After surgery, you canto experience painful sensations that will pass as the tissues heal. Postoperative edema or hematoma may occur in areas adjacent to the area of surgery, which is a natural consequence of surgical intervention. There may be a slight increase in body temperature.
Please follow our recommendations!
- Prepare a pack of ice at home.
- On the day of surgery, take light food 2-3 hours before the scheduled time.
- One day before the operation, it is strictly prohibited to drink alcoholic beverages.
- Be sure to inform the dentist about all the individual characteristics of your body and the available allergic reactions, in order to choose the safe anesthetic for you.
- Before the operation, visit the toilet.
- It is better to come to an operation in loose clothes without a gate.
- To avoid the occurrence of severe swelling andbleeding during the first 24 hours after the operation, it is necessary to apply an ice pack to the cheek on the side of the operation for 15-20 minutes with interruptions for 30-40 minutes.
- Rinse mouth with bleeding is unacceptable!
- After the operation of a sinus-lifting you should not drink through a straw, blow your nose and blow your cheeks.
- To reduce the likelihood of nasal bleeding(after operations on the upper jaw) and reducing the postoperative edema, it is necessary to sleep with the head elevated for several days after the operation (add an extra pillow).
- It is not recommended to use tobacco products 1 week before and within 2 weeks after the operation.
- It is forbidden to drive the car on the day of operation with premedication.
- Do not eat until the anesthetic stops. In the first days after the operation, it is recommended to eat soft, non-hot food.
- It is not recommended to drink alcohol, coffee, strong tea in order to avoid negative influence of the listed drinks on blood circulation and wound healing.
The second day after surgery is recommendedconduct hygiene of the oral cavity with a soft toothbrush, and also rinse with special solutions for the oral cavity (Tantum Verde, Eludryl, etc.) after each meal.
Do not lift weights, bend, exercise, or take a hot bath for 5-7 days after surgery.
Within a few days, working capacity can be reduced, as well as the ability to drive a car.
Do not forget to take medications prescribed by a dental surgeon after surgery.
Appear for inspection and removal of stitches after 5-7 daysafter surgery, as agreed with your surgeon. Any changes in your state of health should be immediately notified to the surgeon or administrator of the clinic.
Recommendations for the care of dental implants
The implant life depends on:
- The correctness of the surgical and prosthetic stages carried out in the dental clinic.
- Performing the patient's recommendations given by the dentist directly in the post-operative period and the period after implant prosthetics.
- Care of hygienic care for the "implant-crown" design.
- Blood supply of bone tissue and gums in the areaimplantation. (Smoking cigars and cigarettes has a very, very negative effect on peripheral circulation, which may even interfere with implant engraftment.)
Regardless of the size and number of implants, othey need to be taken care of, as if they are ordinary teeth. Brush and floss your dental implants twice a day. Use special fluffy dental floss (for example, Oral-B superfloss or ultrafloss).
When brushing your teeth, pay special attention to theposterior teeth and interdental spaces. Use a soft or medium hardness brush. In addition, use the irrigator, for additional deep cleaning of the interdental spaces by water irrigation.
There are special brushes that can be used to clean the interdental spaces - dental brushes. Ask your dentist about them - in some cases they are not recommended.
Visit a dental hygienist twice a year,he is the only one who can clean your implants as carefully as necessary. Regular visits to the dentist are very important. Your dentist will check the condition of your gums, jaws and implants.
Smoking is an evil for health and for dental implants, including. For a good prognosis of implant life, it would be nice if you stopped smoking.
Try not to chew hard candies, ice or other solid foods (such as hard chocolate or dry fish), as they can loosen or break the abutment screw.
Refrain from products such as caramel or iris, as they can stick to the crown and provoke the unwinding of the abutment screw.
Do not open bottles or crack nuts for the same reasons.
Use protective sports mouthguards when participating in sports and avoid direct hits on the face.
Refrain from scratching your teeth. If the creaking occurs unintentionally or during sleep (bruxism), notify the dentist and he will give you a thin night protective cap.
The quality and regularity of care for implants depends on the duration of their service.
Before and after implantation
Prepare several days off after the date of the planned operation.
Do not smoke or reduce the number of cigarettes smoked.
If on the eve of the operation you get sick, then inform the implantologist about it.
Find out from the implantologist about the medications that will be needed immediately after the operation.
Patients suffering from diabetes in a compensated form, 2 weeks before the operation and 2 weeks after it, must comply with a strict diet.
On the eve of the operation, get a good night's sleep.
Take care of escorts if anesthesia, sedation or a complicated operation is planned, do not plan to be behind the wheel.
If you have a herpetic eruption on the mucosa, the operation should be rescheduled.
If you have had a dental implant, you may experience some typical discomfort associated with any type of dental surgery. These may include:
- Edema of the gums and face.
- Gum injuries.
- Mobility of a number of standing teeth.
- Pain at the implantation site.
- Slight bleeding.
- Bruises and bruises.
You may need painkillers and antibiotics. Observe the recommendations of the implantologist.
What to observe after implantation:
- Brush your teeth with a soft brush before removing the stitches
- Take soft food for 5-7 days. Do not take hot, spicy, salty foods.
- Starting from the third day after the operation and before the stitches are removed, twice a day (after cleaning the teeth), it is necessary to rinse the mouth with chlorhexidine solution.
- Do not overheat in the sun, in the sauna.
- Do not engage in active sports.
- Do not smoke or reduce the number of cigarettes smoked.
- Do not fly on an airplane, do not swim, do not dive for 2 weeks (especially important after a sine lifting operation).
- Do not blow your nose, sneeze with your mouth open (especially important after the operation of a sinus-lifting).
- If swelling, discomfort or other symptoms increase within a few days after surgery, the temperature rises - contact an implant surgeon.
- After tooth extraction
- If you have a tooth removed, you should take care of your oral cavity. Observing certain recommendations, you will feel better, the healing time will accelerate.
To control the stopping of bleeding, it is necessarybite a gauze swab placed by the dentist in the oral cavity. Pressure contributes to the formation of a blood clot in the hole. If you have severe bleeding, which did not stop an hour after tooth extraction, you need to bite an ordinary tea bag. Tannin in tea helps in the formation of thrombi. Hold the tampon or tea bag until the bleeding stops.
In addition, cool the area of removal, make a cold compress on the face in the area of tooth extraction for 10-15 minutes. at one o'clock. The slight discharge of blood on the first day after removal is normal.
Increased fever, feverish condition:
Sometimes a febrile condition may occur,Increasing the temperature to 38-39 degrees per day of removal. This condition can be explained by microbiemia and / or toxemia - the ingestion of microbes and their toxins into the blood and binding them to the shaped elements of the blood. In this case, conduct symptomatic therapy and take antipyretics. If the fever persists to the next, after the removal of the day, contact your doctor.
To reduce pain, it is necessary to takeprescribed by the doctor analgesics and other medications. Do not drive, taking any pain medication or other medications, as you may feel drowsy. Ask your dentist what pain medications he recommends for use if necessary.
To reduce swelling, it is necessary to put ice onCheek in the area of the removed tooth. You can make a cold compress by placing the ice in a plastic bag and wrap it with a thin towel. Apply ice to the cheek 10-15 minutes per hour, during the first day after tooth extraction. If you see a few bruises on your face, do not worry - it's normal, the bruises will disappear on their own for several days.
Rest for the first 24 hours after removal. Rest during the day and a lot of sleep. When you lie down, raise your head a little.
The diet should be made up of soft and healthy food. In addition, you need to drink plenty of fluids.
Brush your teeth with a soft brush. Avoid brushing your teeth in the area of removal in the first 1-2 days. Rinsing the toothpaste from the mouth can knock out a blood clot, be careful. Keep the removal site clean. In a day you can gently rinse your mouth with salt water, diluting 1 teaspoon of salt to 1 glass of warm water.
Rinse your mouth very gently and gently. Otherwise, the blood clot can be removed and bleeding can resume. Do not drink through a straw, do not spit, sucking through a straw can also knock out a blood clot.
Do not drink hot liquids. Due to the intake of hot fluid, swelling may increase.
Limit the use of alcohol. Excessive use of alcohol in the first days after removal can slow healing and lead to repeated bleeding and destruction of the blood clot.
Do not smoke. Smoking can destroy a thrombus, causing pain in the tooth socket.
You should consult your dentist if:
- Bleeding does not stop.
- The pain is getting stronger, and your condition is getting heavier the next day after removal.
- Significantly increased temperature and it does not fall off.
- The swelling of the soft tissues on the side of the removal increases.
- There was an itch and a rash after taking the drug.