Bone swelling in the bodies of the vertebrae

The bone marrow of a spongy substance, as a rule,is located inside the bones. He is responsible for the production of blood cells. Edema of the bone marrow of the spine - a general term used to describe the painful accumulation of fluid in the bone marrow, as a rule, this pathology is detected during an MRI (magnetic scan resonance tomography). Edema of the bone marrow is basically a symptom of some underlying disease, so the procedures are aimed at treating the cause of edema.

Causes of the development of edema of the bone marrow

Edema of the bone marrow of the spine is a protectivethe reaction of your body in response to damage or stress. Under normal conditions, edema of the bone marrow means, in the bone marrow there is an excess fluid. In other words, the superfluous accumulated liquid is simply not formed, it must have its own reason, which contributed to edema.

Bone marrow edema can occur due to such incidents as:

When the edema of the bone marrow of the spine canThere are severe pains, and dysfunction of the damaged part of the body can also be observed. Excessive fluid accumulation can occur with such diseases as:

  • osteoarthritis (disease of joints caused by wear and tear);
  • osteoporosis (softening of bones);
  • aseptic necrosis;
  • rheumatoid arthritis;
  • ischemia (decreased blood flow);
  • cancer (tumors).

With edema of the bone marrow of the spinal columnthe patient is in a very painful condition, a complete limitation of mobility is possible, and limbs can numb. As a rule, edema can last from 6 to 12 months.

How is bone marrow edema treated?

Treatment, as a rule, consists of such methods,which will be aimed at eliminating all the symptoms and the underlying cause that caused this ailment. These include physiotherapy, drug therapy, surgery, as well as rest. In difficult cases, the doctor prescribes surgical decompression. In the basic decompression, the surgeon can drill a hole in the vertebra to increase blood flow. Thus, after treatment new blood vessels are formed, which normalize blood circulation and eliminate excess fluid.

Sometimes, with severe and intolerable pain, drugs called bisphosphonates are prescribed. They come with vitamin D supplement to help with calcium balance and bone density increase.

But, do not forget that the edema of the bone marrowdevelops more often due to some disease, so after diagnosis, when the main cause is identified, the specialist should direct all treatment methods to eliminate it. The use of vasoactive drugs is often used for pulmonary hypertension. They are also commonly used in the treatment of bone marrow edema syndrome, as drugs dilate blood vessels, treat vascular disorders associated with poor blood flow.

Aseptic necrosis is painfula condition that usually affects the hip joint. It is characterized by the death of bone marrow tissue, which is caused by a constant decrease in blood flow in the bone marrow. Treatment of cerebral edema can directly be associated with this disease, which includes both the treatment of aseptic necrosis, which is usually aimed at bone plastic surgery, as well as complete replacement of the hip joint.

Osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis can be treatedpainkillers, which reduce inflammation, by injections into the affected joints. Rheumatoid arthritis also involves the treatment of steroids and special drugs that slow the progression of the disease.