How to relieve swelling of the breast
Very often, surgery for the treatment of breast canceris performed as a complete mastectomy. Surgical intervention includes complete removal of the mammary gland, regional lymph nodes and complete or partial excision of the large pectoral muscle.
After breast cancer surgery patients are urged toscheduled examinations once every 3-4 months (the first 5 years after a mastectomy). After a five-year period, the number of visits to the gynecologist should be once a year. During a routine examination, the doctor ascertains the presence of complaints from the patient, appoints additional methods of examination. Studies such as ultrasound diagnosis, mammography and cytology analysis can determine the presence of recurrence of the disease.
Possible complications after breast cancer surgery
Breast cancer after surgery can cause the following complications:
- Disturbances of the motor function of the shoulder joint:
Limited movement of the hand and pain inshoulder joints arise due to deformation of the ligamentous apparatus and cicatricial changes in this area. Patients complain of pain when raising or lowering the hand or the inability to move the arm behind the back. As a result, the woman self-limited herself in the movement of the upper limb, which aggravates the difficulty of the shoulder joint. The only method of treating this complication is therapeutic gymnastics.
Physician-physiotherapist in the first days after theoperation develops an individual set of exercises, which are conducted first under the supervision of a specialist. After discharge of the patient from the medical institution, exercise therapy is performed independently at home.
This is the swelling of the soft tissues. which occurs with the accumulation of lymph after the removal of regional lymph nodes. In the first days after surgical removal of the tumor, primary swelling of soft tissues occurs. Restoration of the physiological lymph flow occurs as a result of the formation of new lymphatic vessels or the formation of collateral connections. This type of edema is easily administered to therapy, which involves massaging the operated area and keeping the lower extremities in an elevated position.
Often in oncological practice, there arecases of secondary edema occurred 6-12 months after the treatment. The most common solid edema occurs in patients who underwent combined treatment with ionizing irradiation of problematic areas of the body.
Late edema has two causes:
- The formation of scars in the axillary region, which prevent the formation of new lymphatic vessels.
- Recurrence of breast cancer. The formation of solid late edema is considered to be the first sign of repeated cancers. Therefore, the onset of such a symptom requires immediate consultation of an oncologist.
In such cases, the doctormammography, which allows to determine with the greatest possible accuracy the presence of a pathological focus in the thoracic region and to diagnose a secondary tumor of the breast.
After excluding relapse of the disease,complex of therapeutic measures, including: self-massage, bandage with elastic bandage, physiotherapy exercises, elevated position of the lower extremities at night and prevention of skin inflammatory processes.
Complication occurs due to a decrease in the load on the vertebral system on the side of the removed gland.
The inferiority of the immune system develops because of the loss of regional lymph nodes, in which immune cells (lymphocytes) accumulate.
Radiation therapy for breast cancer on occasioncauses pathological expansion of bronchial tracts. Treatment of the complication is the use of aerosol therapy, which includes the effects on the alveoli and bronchus particles of the drug substance. The therapeutic drug is injected into the lung tissue with the aid of moist inhalations.
Nutrition after breast cancer surgery
Daily ration of patients in postoperativeperiod is adjusted towards increasing the quality of the food consumed. So, oncology after breast cancer is recommended to eat foods rich in plant proteins, vitamins and trace elements.
After the radical excision of the affected breast, patients are not allowed to increase their body weight. Therefore, the food should be balanced by protein, fat and carbohydrate composition.
To normalize the general condition of the body, an effective remedy is a low-salt, fiber-enriched diet.
Patients after surgical treatment of oncology are encouraged to adhere to a healthy lifestyle and complete rejection of bad habits.