Swelling of the finger after the operation
Edema of the leg after surgery - a completely normal phenomenon. Another thing is if the swelling is very large or too long does not subside. How to distinguish between the norm and pathology?
Usually, swelling after surgery decreases after a week. But it happens that they stay longer and cause trouble for the patient.
With persistent edema, ultrasound examination of the legs should be done - duplex scanning. It will help to exclude such a terrible consequence of the operation as a thrombosis (the formation of blood clots in the veins).
If the thrombosis is present, it is necessary to urgently consult a phlebologist-specialist in vein diseases. He will prescribe drugs that dilute the blood and prevent her from gathering into clots.
If the veins are in order, then the cause of edema -stasis of lymph. Lymphatic vessels, as well as arteries and veins are located throughout the body. They collect "dirty" liquid from the tissues, containing a lot of protein. In the course of lymphatic vessels there are lymph nodes - under the jaw ("glands"), under the knees, in the groin, under the armpits.
Stasis of lymph is called lymphedema - lymphatic edema. There is a separate disease of lymphedema, but we will not disassemble it. We are interested in secondary lymphedema, which is formed after surgery.
Legs swell, hurt. This makes it difficult to move and causes a lot of trouble. What can I do to reduce the swelling of the legs?
To cure postoperative edema, a set of measures is used:
1. Manual lymphatic drainage. It is made by specially trained medical personnel. It is a manual massage, where alternately a very light stroking of the skin is performed, then a deep massage of the lymph nodes. Such massage should appoint only a doctor, you can not do it yourself, you can do much harm!
2. The same applies to compression knitwear. Some patients are prescribed to wear a squeezing stocking or tights, others are contraindicated.
3. Diet - usually doctors recommend for a while to reduce fluid intake, so that edema does not increase.
4. It is better not to hold your legs in the "down" position. When lying or sitting, make sure that the feet are slightly raised. To do this, you can put a pad under them or a folded blanket.
5. Medicamentous treatment is prescribed by the attending physician. After operations on the legs, swelling is not uncommon, doctors perfectly know how to deal with them. Therefore, having noticed that the legs swell and you feel raspiranie or other unpleasant sensations, immediately tell the surgeon who operated you. And he will prescribe the appropriate treatment for you.