Puffiness in a newborn baby
Rhinitis in a newborn is a disease, fromwhich is better protected by preventive measures than treated with pharmaceuticals. You can not start ailment, as a baby can lead to serious problems.
If the nose is swollen, stuffed with mucus, it canto break the sense of smell and appetite. When a child is restless, irritable and does not sleep for a long time, moms in a desire to quickly cure a baby use drugs to eliminate pathology. Do this without consulting a doctor. Why? Let's consider the issue in more detail.
Rhinitis in the newborn - correct treatment without pills
Runny nose in a newborn baby is not alwaysrequires "intensive" therapies. A crumb does not know how to blow his nose and if to help him in this all the inflammatory changes in the nasal cavity can quickly disappear on their own.
The vulnerable mucous membrane of the nose in the baby requiresgentle care. When you remove the inflammatory fluid, try not to touch the wall of the nasal cavity. This can lead to damage and erosion.
Separate attention deserves a detachable nose,from which parents are trying to quickly get rid of all the existing means. In mucus contain protective complexes that destroy foreign agents (bacteria and viruses). You should not without much need to remove mucus. Only before going to sleep you can use vasoconstrictive drops and rinse your nasal passages to improve breathing and eliminate the anxiety of the baby.
Specific types of rhinitis in children under one year of age
Before treating a runny nose in a newborn,determine its appearance. In children, most often there is a "physiological" rhinitis. Narrow and long nasal passages at the slightest inflammation make it difficult for air to pass through the respiratory tract. Airless environment creates excellent opportunities for the accumulation of bacteria and viruses in the nasal cavity. In such a situation it will be sufficient to remove the snot with a special suction device (aspirator) and rinse the cavity with saline, saline or aquamaris. Please note, we do not recommend vasoconstrictive drops (spasmolytics) in pathology. They have a lot of side effects, including the mechanism of addiction. The therapeutic effect of this tool is minimal, and the consequences can be "sad". When using the drug for more than 4 hours, even adults develop dependence. It should only slightly overdose antispasmodics, so that the blood vessels remain forever in a constricted state.
When a baby has a pathological bacterial orviral rhinitis, antibacterial, antiviral and immunomodulating agents are required. Immediately caution responsible moms that there is no need to take all of these medications at the same time. Choose the best medicine will help the pediatrician.
Another interesting type of rhinitis isreflex type. It arises in response to the child's hypothermia. The pathology is formed due to reflex stimulation of small capillaries of the nasal cavity with increased nervous impulse from the foot receptors. In eastern medicine, a similar pathology is treated with acupuncture. In our country, acupuncture in children is not popular, but in practice it brings a good therapeutic effect.
Treatment of the "medical" cold in newborns with correct schemes
Treatment of a runny nose in newborns by medical methods requires the definition of the stage of the disease:
1. At the primary stage there is dryness and discomfort in the nasal cavity. After him, there is a separation of mucus, swelling and other manifestations of the pathological process;
2. The second period is characterized by severe clinical symptoms of the disease. In this stage there are difficulties in breathing. In this case, the baby cries, fits and refuses to eat;
3. At the third stage of the pathology, there is swelling of the mucous membrane, pathological discharge.
Pediatricians know that to cope with rhinitisthe newborn follows 3-4 days, otherwise there will be serious complications - otitis and maxillary sinusitis. In this situation, even antibiotic treatment will not bring a quick cure for the disease. Probably, one should not explain to parents that antibacterial agents have a side effect on other organs and tissues.
Attention! Do not dig in the baby's nose breast milk, as some mothers do. It contains immunoglobulins (protective factors of the immune system), but it is an excellent medium for feeding bacterial agents. There are more effective ways to improve the local immunity of the newborn and to intensify the fight against viruses and bacteria. The less "chemistry" is given to children, the more healthy they will grow.
For example, good pharmaceutical developmentis the complex "Otryvin baby". It is designed to care for the nasal cavity in newborns and infants. Recommended for children after 2 years and contains everything necessary to care for the baby's nasal cavity: a drug and an aspirator with attachments.
To moisten the nasal cavity, you should usespecial drops designed for children under 1 year. Drugs are dispensed in disposable vials. They are made in the form of special vials and are taken within 12 hours. After this period, it is better to make a new solution, since bacteria can multiply in the drops.
To release the nasal cavity frompathological contents should be purchased aspirator. When choosing a product, you need to pay attention to the pressure that it creates in the nasal cavity. Too much pressure can damage the mucous membrane of the newborn. Pharmaceutical industry creates special models, equipped with several nozzles. With the use of such products, you can select the optimal device that allows you to normalize the nasal cavity of the child. An example of such a model is "Otrivin Baby".
Indications for the qualified treatment of a cold in children
Indications for a doctor for a cold in a child:
- Shortness of breath, anxiety and sleep disorders in the baby;
- The temperature is above 37 degrees;
- Runny nose more than 2 weeks;
- Impairment of appetite.
Treat newborn rhinitis with medicinalmeans according to the above described scheme is necessary after the inflammatory fluid has been removed from the nasal cavity. For these purposes, wash the nose with saline. It will help to remove puffiness and clear the nasal passages.
Complex "Otrivin baby" is issued in the form ofa bottle with a capacity of 20 ml. They can irrigate the nasal cavity or use it to irrigate the mucous membrane with the help of special attachments, which are sold in the kit to the complex. The medicine is really good, but it costs a little more than other analogues.
Treat children with vasoconstrictive drops - is it worth
Rhinitis in the newborn is rarely causedbacterial agents. Consequently, the rational use of vasoconstrictive drops and antibiotics disappears, although their parents often use it to alleviate the condition of the child.
Medical indications for the use of vasoconstrictive drops:
- The first 1-2 days of illness;
- As prescribed by the doctor;
- Bacterial or viral rhinitis.
Attention! Before making a decision regarding the instillation of a nasal cavity in a child with drops, you need to carefully study the instructions to them. In it, manufacturers write about the necessary dosage, side effects and rules for the use of drugs for swelling of the nasal cavity in children. Be attentive to the choice of the dose of the drug.
Drops are prohibited for children up to the year:
There are some popular recommendationsconcerning the treatment of a cold in newborns. We do not recommend their use, because there are effective medications, and in most cases their use is not recommended. Here is the national recipe for the treatment of the disease for informational purposes:
- Squeeze juice from a sweet orange;
- Drip it at night on the child's forehead;
- Improvement occurs immediately, so the baby sleeps well.
Once again, we remind you that we do not recommend treating rhinitisin infants with folk remedies. We recommend the initial stages of rhinitis to begin treatment with saline or saline, and further procedures should be coordinated with the pediatrician. Antimicrobial drops can be used only when the temperature is kept above 38 degrees for several days.
By prescription, a newborn doctor can be treatedantiviral and anti-inflammatory drops. Wound healing preparations are used only in case of emergency. To anesthetize in infants, only certain groups of sprays can be used. Not every medicine can be used to prevent pathological changes.
In conclusion, we add that the combinedmedicines for the common cold (rhinofluicillin) can be given to children only in case of emergency. In most cases, treatment with salina should be started, and a further therapy regimen is determined by the dynamics of the course of the pathological process.