Swelling of the legs with lung disease
Lung edema is a pathology in thean organism at which the fluid swells into the lung tissue and the blood vessels from the blood vessels. As a rule, the disease breaks down gas exchange in the affected organ, and significant changes begin. Lung edema can be an independent disease and the consequence of another disease (eg, myocardial infarction, mitral stenosis, hypertension and others).
The most common causes of pulmonary edemaare renal failure, brain trauma, hemorrhage, overdose of certain drugs (aspirin, methadone, heroin), some infections of viral origin, eclampsia of pregnant women and others.
To start the correct treatment, you needexplore the body. The disease has pronounced symptoms. First of all, there is shortness of breath in a state of rest, which gradually increases with physical exertion. Also, the swelling of the lung is accompanied by a pressing sensation in the chest and lack of air. For this reason, dizziness and weakness in the limbs often occur, so it is necessary to provide the patient with peace.
Determine pulmonary edema can also be in appearancesick person. The skin becomes more pale than usual, moisture acts on the surface. At the initial stage dry rales appear, which is a sign of accumulation of fluid in the affected organ.
The next stage of the disease is accompanied bya sharp increase in attacks of dyspnea, which sharply escalates into choking. Also, bright signs of alveolar edema may be blueing of the tongue, darkening of the skin. The nervous system of the patient is very excited, it embraces a feeling of fear of the likelihood of a lethal outcome, etc.
Of course, in no case canindependently treat pulmonary edema in children, as this is fraught with negative consequences. Before the arrival of doctors it is necessary to provide the patient with a comfortable position, to protect him from heavy physical exertion. If possible, the patient should be supplied with oxygen (through a mask or special nasal catheter). After this, you should enter a special solution intravenously. To do this, mix glucose (250 ml), vitamin c (10 ml), strophanthin (1 ml), insulin (14 units), diphenhydramine (4 ml), furosemide (40 ml) and ensure slow drug exposure to the patient.
It should be noted that the disease canmeet not only with people. Pulmonary edema in a dog is a fairly common pathology that requires compulsory treatment. As a rule, it is preliminary necessary to determine the stage of the disease, since the initial stage requires one complex, the heavy one - the other. General recommendations are the taking of tablets or intravenous drugs that improve the outflow of fluid from the affected organ (diuretics). With sepsis, it is advisable to take a course of antibiotics that help restore lung function and eliminate the cause of the disease. With severe and pronounced hypoxia, specialists use artificial ventilation, which normalizes the person's respiratory process.
To prevent pulmonary edema, it is necessary to maintaina healthy lifestyle, which is a good prevention of many diseases. It is also advisable to avoid overdoses of drugs, heavy physical exertion, etc.