Swelling of the legs in the second trimester
For the second trimester of pregnancy, youwill ascertain physical metamorphosis from head to toe. The second trimester of pregnancy, provided there are no pathologies, is the most pleasant. Learn how to alleviate common symptoms and consider ways of preparing for the coming months of waiting.
The second trimester of pregnancy is often accompanied bya new sense of physical comfort and well-being. As a rule, nausea in the 2nd trimester of pregnancy disappears, and the baby is not yet large enough to put pressure on your organs in the abdominal cavity and cause you inconvenience. Nevertheless, the most dramatic symptoms of pregnancy only loom on the horizon.
Problems in the 2nd trimester
What are the problems in the 2nd trimester of pregnancy and the changes awaiting the expectant mother?
Increased mammary glands. Under the influence of hormones of estrogen and progesterone, mammary glands on the 2nd trimester of pregnancy in your breasts are becoming more and more. Extra fat can also accumulate in the chest. Although, the initial symptoms of breast tenderness are likely to disappear - there will be other problems: irritability of the nipples. Therefore, for this period, the supporting bra should become a permanent subject of the wardrobe.
The uterus begins to warm up in order to beready for the upcoming work. You can feel these workouts, which are called Braxton-Hicks' false bouts in the lower part of the abdomen and groin. They are usually weak and unpredictable. Consult your doctor if the contractions become painful or regular. This may be a sign of premature birth.
Growing abdomen in the 2nd trimester of your pregnancythe uterus becomes heavier and expands to make room for the baby, your stomach grows, and at times very quickly. Starting from the second trimester, expect that you will gain from 1.5 to 2 kilograms of excess weight per month. Naturally, this will affect your well-being - you will become less mobile and note with surprise that many of the movements that you previously performed are virtually imperceptible, now require some effort.
Heartburn in the 2nd trimester of pregnancy will be evidence of an increase in acidity.
Skin changes. The circulation of blood to the skin increases, some areas of the skin may become darker, such as the skin around the nipples, individual areas of the face and a line running from the navel to the pubic bone. Exposure to sunlight can aggravate the problem. When you are on the street, do not forget to use sunscreen.
Stretching. You may notice the appearance of pink, red or purple stripes along the abdomen, chest, shoulders, buttocks or thighs during the second trimester of pregnancy. Your stretching of the skin can also be accompanied by an intolerable itch. Moisturizers during this period can remove unpleasant symptoms. But do not be alarmed ahead of time. Although the appearance of stretch marks can not be prevented, most stretch marks disappear with time.
Deterioration of the nasopharynx and a problem with the gums. Pregnancy increases blood circulation, more blood flows through the mucous membranes of the body. This leads to swollen mucous nasal and airways, which can limit the flow of air and leads to snoring, nosebleeds. Increased blood circulation can also soften the gums, which will cause minor bleeding when you brush your teeth or floss your teeth. Switching to a softer toothbrush can reduce irritation.
Dizziness. Your blood vessels expand in response to hormonal failures. If you have trouble with dizziness, drink plenty of fluids and slowly get up after spending time in a reclining or sitting position. When you feel dizzy, lie on your left side to restore blood pressure.
Leg cramps are another nuisancesecond trimester: while pregnancy is progressing, they are increasing at night. To prevent cramps in the legs during pregnancy, massage and exercise the calf muscles before bed. Physical activity and abundant drinking also help. If the legs are cramping, stretch the gastrocnemius muscle in the direction of the lesion. A hot shower, a warm bath or an ice massage also act against seizures.
Dyspnea. Your lungs process more air than it was before pregnancy. This allows the blood to carry more oxygen to the placenta and the baby - and, perhaps, will make your breath a little faster, which will lead to a feeling of shortness of breath.
Vaginal discharge. You could notice intense white discharge in the 2 trimester of pregnancy from the vagina. Do not be scared - they help to suppress the growth of potentially harmful bacteria or yeast. You can wear pads for comfort. Consult a doctor if discharge is strong smell, green or yellowish, or if they are accompanied by redness, itching or irritation. This may indicate a vaginal infection.
Urinary tract infections. Hormonal changes slow the flow of urine. Expansion of the uterus can become on the way, as a factor, increasing the risk of developing bladder diseases and kidney infections. Consult your doctor if you notice abdominal pain, burning sensation during urination, or you have fever in the 2nd trimester of pregnancy. In the absence of treatment for urinary tract infections, the risk of pregnancy complications increases.
Nutrition in the second trimester
Here comes the period when the unfortunatenausea and a young mother can devote herself to caring for the baby's health. During this period, the supply of nutrients should be sufficient for both the child and the mother. On the 2nd trimester of pregnancy, food should be not only saturated but also healthy.
You need to make sure you stickbalanced diet during the second trimester. You are recommended to take more fresh fruits and vegetables every day. In one of these servings should be products of red or orange color, and in two portions should be dark green leafy vegetables. Eat lean meat, chicken, fish, mushrooms. You should drink eight glasses of water. Recommended intake of cereals, and skim milk products are mandatory.
What vitamins in the 2nd trimester of pregnancy are vital? In order to understand their importance, one should realize the level of danger of vitamin deficiency in pregnancy.
Adequate intake of folic acid duringsecond trimester of pregnancy reduces the risk of pre-eclampsia or hypertension caused by pregnancy. Low levels of folate during the second trimester of pregnancy are associated with an increased risk of premature birth. Low intake of vitamin C is associated with premature birth and rupture of the membrane.
A high level of vitamin E during the secondtrimester of pregnancy positively affects birth weight and timeliness of labor. Vitamin E, as an antioxidant, reduces oxidative stress and plays an important role in the development of the fetus. Pregnant women should take vitamin A during the second trimester of pregnancy, for the development of the skin, eyesight and bones of the child. Vitamin B6 helps to assimilate protein and plays a significant role in the development of nerves, brain and red blood cells. Deficiency of vitamin B12 in the second trimester of pregnancy leads to an increase in certain amino acids associated with complications of pregnancy.
What to do in the second trimester of pregnancy? Nothing special: this is a period of special concern for oneself and good nutrition. There is less and less fear of miscarriage, but nevertheless one should reasonably treat overloads and avoid stress. Sex in the 2nd trimester of pregnancy begins to bring pleasure, so sex life can be practiced without problems, except for complications. Of course, regular visits to the doctor are necessary to monitor the course of pregnancy.